Ministry of the
Solicitor General

The Private Investigation Industry

Private Security & Investigative Services

Training & Testing

Private Investigator Test Preparation Guide

Section 1 - Introduction to the Private Investigation Industry

The Private Security and Investigative Services Act, 2005 (PSISA) regulates the investigative services and private security industry. The PSISA was proclaimed into force on August 23, 2007 to help professionalize the industry, increase public safety and ensure practitioners receive proper training and are qualified to provide private investigator services. The PSISA and its regulations govern the way the private security and investigation industry operates in Ontario.

The Training and Testing Regulation made under the PSISA came into force on April 15, 2010. All private investigators must fulfill the mandatory requirements of the Training and Testing Regulation in order to be eligible to apply for a licence.

Who needs a private investigator licence?

Individuals are required to have a private investigator licence if they perform work, for remuneration, that consists primarily of conducting investigations to provide information on the character, actions, business, occupation, or whereabouts of a person. Under the PSISA, loss prevention specialists are considered to be security guards and do not require a private investigator licence.


Training Curriculum for Private Investigators (applicable to all sections of the Test Preparation Guide)