Ministry of the
Solicitor General

Residential Fires - Injuries

Ontario Residential Fires: Injuries

This summary provides information on Ontario Residential fire injuries from 2009 to 2018.
Data Source: The Office of the Fire Marshal and Emergency Management.

Residential Fires with Injuries

The following data covers fires that occurred in residential properties where a loss occurred (that is, dollar loss or injury or fatality was reported).

In the five year period from 2009 to 2013, civilian injuries were reported in 6% of residential loss fires which means injuries occurred at a rate of 1 for every 16 fires. 

For the five year period from 2014 to 2018, civilian injuries were reported in 8% of residential loss fires, meaning that injuries occur at a rate of 1 for every 12 fires.

Residential Fires with Injuries

Residential Civilian Fire Injuries

Residential loss fires have declined from 5,914 in 2009 to 5,182 in 2018.

However, civilian injuries in residential fires have varied over the years; lowest in 2010 with 442 injuries, and highest in 2015 with 562 injuries.  There were 524 residential civilian injuries reported in 2018.

Residential Civilian Fire Injuries

Residential Civilian Fire Injuries: Ignition source

The number 1 ignition source involved in residential civilian fire injuries is Cooking equipment - 38% of the injuries were in cooking fires.

Fires ignited by Cigarettes (11%) is the number 2 ignition source (cigarettes are the number one ignition source in fatal fires).

Electrical distribution equipment (5%) is the number 3 ignition source

Heating equipment (4%), and Candles (4%) are the number 4 ignition source.

Appliances (3%), and Matches/Lighters (3%) are the number 5 ignition source.

Arson/Vandalism is the possible cause of fire in 5% of injuries.

The ignition source/igniting equipment of a fire is the equipment, device, or item that brings about ignition.

The sequence of events usually initiated by human acts or human omissions are the likely/possible cause of the fire because they trigger the events which lead to ignition of the fire.

Residential Civilian Fire Injuries: Ignition source

Civilian injuries reported:  Ignition Source 
Average number of fire injuries per year in Residential Properties

Excluding: arson and ignition source undetermined

Comparing the average number of civilian fire injuries by ignition source during the 5 year period 2009 to 2013 with the 5 year period 2014 to 2018 shows that fire injuries in fires ignited by cooking have increased; Cooking equipment (2014 to 2018) - average of 194 fire injuries per year.

Cigarettes (2014 to 2018) - average of 59 fire injuries per year.

Electrical wiring (2014 to 2018) - average of 28 fire injuries per year.

Heating, cooling (2014 to 2018) - average of 17 fire injuries per year.

Candles (2014 to 2018) - average of 17 fire injuries per year

Open flame tools (not including lighters, matches) (2014 to 2018) - average of 12 fire injuries per year.

Civilian injuries reported:  Ignition Source

Residential Civilian Fire Injuries: Age

Over half (64%) of the residential fire incident civilian injuries are aged 20 to 64 (ages 20 to 39 - 29%;  ages 40 to 64 - 35%).

Average # civilian fire injuries per year in residential properties:

  • 0 to 9 years old - 15 fire injuries per year,
  • 10 to 19 years -  35,
  • 20 to 39 years -  145,
  • 40 to 64 years -  175,
  • 65 to 79 years -    57,
  • over 80 years old  - 18,
  • Unknown age – 50 fire injuries per year.

Residential Civilian Fire Injuries: Age