Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services :: Constable Selection Information Package

Constable Selection System

Constable Selection Information Package

Minimum Requirements and Competencies

Minimum Requirements

Applicants for the position of police constable must meet minimum requirements as outlined in the Police Services Act. Candidates must:

  • be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada;
  • be at least 18 years of age;
  • be physically and mentally able to perform the duties of the position;
  • have successfully completed at least four years of secondary school education or equivalent.(Note: official transcripts and diplomas will be required). Where education has been completed outside Ontario, official proof of equivalency must be obtained by contacting the Ontario Ministry of Education;
  • be of good moral character and habits, meaning being an individual other people would look upon as being trustworthy and having integrity.

In addition, candidates must:

  • possess a valid Class G driver's licence with no more than 6 demerit points;
  • possess a Standard First Aid Certificate and C.P.R. Certificate (Basic Rescuer Level) at the time of hire;
  • have vision within acceptable standards:
  • uncorrected visual acuity - least 20/40 (6/12) binocularly (both eyes open);
  • corrected visual acuity - at least 20/20 (6/6) binocularly;
  • there are minimum requirements regarding refractive surgery, farsightedness (hyperopia), colour vision and peripheral vision. With regards to laser surgery and Intra-Ocular lenses, acceptable, but applicants must meet specific standards.
  • hearing is acceptable if the applicant is able to hear tones at the following frequencies and related decibel levels - candidates may also be required to undergo a speech recognition test as part of their hearing assessment.
  • four-frequency average (500, 1000, 2000, 3000 Hz) of 25 dB HL;
  • thresholds at none of these single frequencies shall exceed 35 dB HL and thresholds at 4000 Hz shall not exceed 45 dB HL.
  • not have criminal convictions for which a pardon has not been granted.


In addition to the minimum requirements, candidates must possess certain competencies. A competency is defined as any skill, knowledge, ability, motive, behaviour or attitude essential to successful performance on the job. Two sets of competencies have been identified for the job of policing: Essential Competencies and Developmental Competencies.

Essential Competencies

Knowledge, skills and abilities a candidate must exhibit before becoming a police officer:

  1. analytical thinking: ability to analyze situations and events in a logical way, and to organize the parts of a problem in a systematic way.
  2. self-confidence: belief abilities and judgment and a recognition of personal limitations and development needs.
  3. communication: ability to demonstrate effective listening, verbal and written communication skills.
  4. flexibility/valuing diversity: ability to adapt to a variety of situations, and to work effectively with a wide cross-section of the community representing diverse backgrounds, cultures and socio-economic circumstances.
  5. self-control: ability to keep emotions under control and to restrain negative actions when provoked or when working under stressful conditions.
  6. relationship building: ability to develop and maintain a network of contacts, both inside and outside the police service.
  7. achievement orientation: desire for continuous improvement in service or accomplishments.
  8. medical/physical skills and abilities: job-related medical/physical skills and abilities, including vision, hearing, motor skills, cardiovascular endurance and upper-body strength.

Developmental Competencies

Some police services may have immediate need for specific skills and abilities and may choose to include these in the hiring process. Competencies that can be acquired through training are:

  1. information seeking: ability to seek out information from various sources before making decisions.
  2. concern for safety: ability to exercise caution in hazardous situations in order to ensure safety of self and others.
  3. assertiveness: ability to use authority confidently and to set and enforce rules appropriately.
  4. initiative: demonstrated ability to be self-motivated and self-directed in identifying and addressing important issues.
  5. co-operation: ability to collaborate with others by seeking their input, encouraging their participation and sharing information.
  6. negotiation/facilitation: ability to influence or persuade others by anticipating and addressing their interests and perspectives.
  7. work organization: ability to develop and maintain systems for organizing information and activities.
  8. community-service orientation: proven commitment to helping or serving others.
  9. commitment to learning: demonstrated pattern of activities which contribute to personal and professional growth.
  10. organizational awareness: understanding the dynamics of organizations, including formal and informal cultures and decision making processes.
  11. developing others: commitment to helping others improve their skills.

Organizational Needs of Local Police Services

Apart from the competencies, police services may also require certain special skills and abilities in order to address urgent issues pertaining to the service of a community. A "local need" may be a second language, a special type or level of computer skills, prior experience in working with abused women and troubled youth, ability to relocate, etc.