Government of Ontario

CFS - Rapid Assessment for IBIS Selection

Centre of Forensic Sciences

Technical Information Sheets

Firearms and Toolmarks - Rapid Assessment for IBIS Selection Examination (RAISE)


Rapid Assessment for IBIS Selection Examination – PDF, 40 kb


Introduction

The 'RAISE' initiative was implemented to expedite the examination of cases involving fired ammunition components where the requested examination was to identify linkages to other shooting occurrences/recovered firearm. Items submitted for examination under this initiative must meet the following requirements:

  1. Fired ammunition components (bullets and cartridge/shotshell cases) where calibre determination is possible and those items that would be of probative value for upload onto the Integrated Ballistics Identification System (IBIS).
  2. The occurrence is not a homicide.
  3. The requested examination is to determine whether the submitted items are linked to another shooting occurrence/recovered firearm (there is no request to know the calibre, type or number of firearms that discharged the fired ammunition components).
  4. Fired ammunition components not associated to a shooting occurrence/investigation will only be accepted under consultation.
  5. Items can also be searched against the United States through their IBIS network, the National Integrated Ballistics Identification Network (NIBIN). For an item to be eligible for a search against the NIBIN there must be a reason and a defined target state(s) for the search.

A preliminary examination (refer to the Examination heading below) is conducted for these cases. Once this examination has been completed a ‘RAISE’ Initiative letter is issued to advise the submitting agency whether item(s) were uploaded, a manual comparison was conducted as per the protocol cited below, or if the item(s) were of no identification value. Where linkages to other cases are identified and confirmed, a report is issued to notify the agencies involved.

For cases examined under the ‘RAISE’ initiative where a specific cross-reference was requested, the results of the cross-reference will be reported and the report will inform the client that items were examined under the ‘RAISE’ initiative. A ‘RAISE’ letter will not be issued.

Examination

The ‘RAISE’ initiative involves a preliminary examination that includes:

  • A microscopic examination to determine whether or not the item(s) are of identification value and suitable for upload to the Canadian Integrated Ballistics Identification Network (CIBIN) database. Selected items are subsequently transferred to the IBIS Unit and are stored indefinitely. The remaining items are returned to the submitter.
  • For cases where no cartridge case(s) have been submitted and the bullets are of identification value but are not suitable for upload to the CIBIN database,  (examples include polygonal rifled and .22 calibre class non-jacketed bullets such as .22 Long Rifle, .22 Long and .22 Short), a manual microscopic comparison is conducted as per the following protocol:

Selected items to be compared to relevant items held in IBIS storage. Relevant items are those items from homicide and attempt murder cases occurring within the previous two years of the incident date and those occurring after the incident date of the active case and test fired bullets from firearms seized after the incident date, in which the class characteristics are in agreement.

  • Items of no identification value are returned to the submitter

Interpretation

The ‘RAISE’ letter does not provide details such as calibre, type or number of firearms that discharged the fired ammunition components. Should this information be required (to further an investigation, court purposes, etc.) the submitter must request a full examination and a report will subsequently be issued. Be advised that a request for a full examination may necessitate the re-submission of items that were returned after the preliminary examination.