OFM - TG-01-2007: Hotel Retrofit Building Audit (Comprehensive)

OFM Guideline

Office of the Fire Marshal

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OFM-TG-01-2007
Hotel Retrofit Building Audit (Comprehensive)

January 2007

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION PAGE

Abstract 6

January 2007

OFM Section: Fire Safety Standards at (416) 325-3100

The reproduction of this guideline for non-commercial purposes is permitted and encouraged. Permission to reproduce the guideline for commercial purposes must be obtained from the Office of the Fire Marshal, Ontario.

ABSTRACT

This guideline is intended to assist hotel operators and owners, including their agents, to conduct an audit of a hotel establishment building that is regulated under Retrofit, Section 9.9 of the Fire Code. The purpose of conducting an audit is to identify and describe the existing building features in relation to Section 9.9 requirements. Completing an audit will help to determine the degree of compliance or non-compliance. The guideline is subdivided into sections. Each section is designed for use as a template suitable for documenting the degree of compliance or non-compliance with applicable requirements based upon review and analysis of the subject matter. Many of the sections also contain explanatory information (commentary) relating to the requirement under consideration. The guideline is intended for guidance only and is not to be considered a statement of law in this area.

A separate audit guideline is available at www.ofm.gov.on.ca for use involving a one storey residential building that:

q is a hotel establishment or is part of a hotel establishment, and

q contains guest suites, other residential accommodations and/or building services, and

q does not contain any other major occupancies, and

q does not have a basement.

1.0 INTRODUCTION

Retrofit Section 9.9 Hotels, was introduced in May 2006 as an amendment to the Ontario Fire Code under Ontario Regulation 144/06 made under the Fire Protection and Prevention Act, 1997. The regulation’s effective date is January 1, 2007. A number of the requirements become effective on that date. However there are different intervals of up to 5 years in some instances to comply with various provisions.

Other portions of Parts 1, 2, 6, 7 and 8 of the Fire Code also apply to the subject building where applicable. However, unless referred to specifically in the guideline, these provisions are not part of this building audit process. It is the responsibility of the owner to comply with the Fire Code. The Fire Code may be accessed and downloaded from the Ontario Government e-Laws web site at http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/home_E.asp?lang=en.

Owners of buildings falling within the scope of the Section 9.9 Hotels are responsible for bringing their building(s) into compliance within the time frames as specified. These time frames are outlined in Article 9.1.3.1. A compliance schedule is provided in Appendix G – Regulation Compliance Schedule.

In some instances the work required may result in material alterations to the building structure or to its systems, and may affect temporarily the use of spaces in instances where installations or alterations must be made within these areas. Building construction, including additions, renovations and/or demolition are always subject to the Building Code Act and its regulations. For this reason, should construction be necessary, a building permit may be required prior to undertaking remedial measures to comply.

Article 9.9.1.2. requires the owner to prepare and retain a separate Building Audit for each building that is part of a hotel establishment. The Building Audit must identify and describe the existing building features in relation to the requirements in Section 9.9. The Building Audit must be completed by January 1, 2008. Completing a Building Audit will help an owner identify those areas of the building audited that comply while also identifying those areas that may be deficient and require upgrading. Once the Building Audit is completed; it must be retained and be made available to an Assistant to the Fire Marshal upon request.

1.1 Instructions For Using The Audit Guideline

There are 40 sections in this Building Audit guideline. Each section reflects certain elements of the regulation’s requirements. It is intended that this guideline be followed sequentially. Using the audit guideline sequentially will ensure that the fire safety elements regulated under Section 9.9 will be appropriately assessed and the results where applicable will be suitably documented.

Following the guideline instructions as intended will help the user to determine those portions of the regulation that apply to the building so that appropriate analysis and documentation can be achieved. Every effort has been made to ensure that this guideline incorporates all the provisions of Retrofit, Section 9.9.

Some portions of the regulation and guideline will not apply to the hotel establishment building being audited. In these instances, by following the directions in the guideline you will be directed to proceed to the next section or specified portion in the guideline. This will allow you to disregard those portions of the guideline that are not applicable to the building being audited.

The Building Audit can be prepared using a computer and Microsoft Word in a manner similar to working on any Microsoft Word document. To complete the guideline on a computer, download the Microsoft Word file to your computer. Identify and save the file so that you can access it easily to work on. After working on the Building Audit save the changes you have made before closing the file. When you return to work on it, simply open the file and carry on from where you last left off.

To conduct the Building Audit, carefully review each statement and examine the corresponding feature(s) in the building. After completing the analysis, document the appropriate response by checking (Yes ☐ or No ☐) and where necessary describe or list additional information as directed in the text form field provided following the asterisk (*). When inserting text immediately after the asterisk (*) the form field will expand as necessary to accommodate all text. Inserted text will be printed in the colour red. Form fields located in the tables are not identified by an asterisk.

To check a box using your computer, simply double left click your mouse while the cursor is on the box. Then select ‘Checked’ under the default value, then OK. The box is checked.

Check box form field options dialog box

The Building Audit can also be prepared using a printed copy of this document/file. When using this format, print the Building Audit guideline on single-sided, 3-hole punched paper. Place the printed pages in a 3 ring binder. Also obtain a notebook containing more than 50 pages. It would be preferable for the notebook to be bound in some manner and also be 3-hole punched for inserting into the 3-ring binder. When documenting your analysis if you encounter insufficient space after an asterisk (*) to insert the necessary details, the information can be written in the notebook. It is suggested that a separate page in the notebook be used for documenting each applicable section as you work your way through the audit process and guideline.

The guideline provides qualifying statements intended to determine if the section or subsection applies to the building being audited. By completing these qualifying statements, in some instances you will be directed to proceed to the next section or specified portion in the guideline. When you encounter this using the computer, a hyperlink is provided that you can click on with the left mouse button. Using this hyperlink will take you to the next section or area in the Building Audit. To return to your original place in the audit guideline, click on the forward key (⇒) or return key (⇐) located on the computer screen tool bar.

Once all applicable sections of the guideline have been completed, it is necessary to retain only those portions of the guideline that were applicable to the building in order to satisfy the provisions of Article 9.9.1.2. pertaining to the building audit.

1.2 Definitions Of Words And Phrases

To assist in becoming familiar with the words and phrases that have special meanings in the context of this Building Audit guideline and the Fire Code, defined words and phrases have been provided with a hyperlink to their corresponding definition. To use the hyperlink, scroll over the hyperlink and left click on the mouse button. To return to your original place in the guideline, use the return key feature on your tool bar. Please note the meaning of the word building. The word building in the guideline is synonymous with the building that is subject of the Audit. Due to prevalence of this word in the guideline, it is not provided with a hyperlink for the remainder of the document.

Persons conducting the Building Audit must be fluent with the meanings of the words and phrases that are assigned special definitions. For those using a paper version of the Building Audit guideline, the definition of each word or phrase that is underlined can be found in Appendix A – Audit Guideline Glossary.

1.3 Cross Reference To Section 9.9 Requirements

Many of the regulatory requirements have been editorially modified into simplified statements. These statements facilitate comparing the regulatory requirements with the applicable building feature(s) under consideration. Once the comparison and analysis is completed, the results can be documented.

For cross reference purposes, many of the simplified statements contain the numerical reference to the Fire Code in brackets [9.9.2.3.(1)], and similarly, where applicable, to the Building Code. For example, [3.2.3.20.(1)OBC].

To cross-reference between individual requirements in the regulation and the corresponding portion(s) of this guideline refer to Appendix H – Section 9.9 Cross Reference Requirements to Guideline.

2.0 BUILDING IDENTIFICATION AND INFORMATION

Hotel Municipal Address

 

Hotel Name and/or name of the building within a hotel establishment

 

Owner

 

Phone #

Owner’s Municipal Address

 

Owner’s Agent (Where applicable)

 

Phone #

Agent’s Municipal Address

 

Fire Department Name

 

Fire Department Municipal Address

 

Fire Department Contact

 

Phone #

Complete the table above to provide basic information about the hotel building that is the subject of the audit.

3.0 DETERMINE WHICH SECTIONS OF THE GUIDELINE APPLY TO THE BUILDING BEING AUDITED

The purpose of Section 3 is to determine which sections of this guideline will apply to the building that is going to be audited.

3.1 Building Regulated By Other Retrofit Sections

[9.9.1.1.(3)] The building containing a hotel, or a portion of the building, is regulated by Section 9.2, 9.3, 9.5 or 9.6 of the Fire Code on December 31, 2006 and the use of the building is unchanged since that date. (To determine if the circumstances in your situation apply, refer to the Application Subsections found in Appendix F – Retrofit 9.2, 9.3, 9.5 and 9.6 Application Sections.

Agree: Yes ☐ No

Where ‘No’ was the response to the statement above, proceed to Subsection 3.2.

NOTE: For example, many bed and breakfast establishments have been/are regulated under the provisions of Section 9.3 or 9.5 of the Fire Code. Where the use of the building has remained the same since December 31, 2006, the buildings continue to be regulated by these sections of Retrofit.

Where ‘Yes’ was the response to the statement above (Retrofit 9.2, 9.3, 9.5 or 9.6 applies to the building), the only portions of this audit guideline that will apply to the building or portion of the building include Section 7.0, Subsection 14.3 and Section 39.0, where applicable. Complete these portions of the Building Audit guideline. Refer to Appendix G – Regulation Compliance Schedule to determine the time lines for compliance where deficiencies have been noted. Take steps to correct the deficiencies within the timeline allotted.

3.2 Building One Storey In Building Height With Limited Building Area

The building containing a hotel

• is not more than one storey in building height,

• and has a building area of 300 m2 or less

Agree: Yes ☐ No

Where the response is ‘No’ proceed to Subsection 3.3.

Where ‘Yes’ was the response to the statement above, the only portion of this audit guideline that applies to this building is Section 7.0. Complete this Section of the Building Audit guideline. Refer to Appendix G – Regulation Compliance Schedule to determine the time line for compliance where deficiencies have been noted. Take steps to correct the deficiencies within the timeline allotted.

3.3 All Other Buildings

For all other buildings, use the following table to identify those sections in the audit guideline that apply to the building under consideration. Review the qualifying factors in each segment of the table to determine if that particular section will apply to the building under consideration. Column 1 in the table identifies the section number. Column 2 is used to identify whether the section is applicable or not. Column 2 is also to be used to keep track of those portions of the guideline that have been completed. Simply check or click on the appropriate box as applicable. Column 3 describes the qualifying factors that must be considered to determine applicability of the section.

Once the information in the table has been completed, the table can be used for future reference as a Table of Contents and guide you through the audit process. As each applicable section of the audit guideline is completed, check the ‘Completed ☐’ form field box in Column 2.

NOTE: Where applicable, each section or subsection in the guideline also provides one or more qualifying statements to ensure that only applicable portions of the guideline are to be completed. Where those portions of the guideline do not apply to the building being audited, you will be directed to proceed to the next appropriate section or subsection.

Col. 1

Column 2

Column 3

SECTION

APPLICABLE

& STATUS

FACTORS TO DETERMINE APPLICABILITY OF SECTION TEMPLATE

1

All

Introduction and instructions for using the guideline

2

All

Building identification and information

3

All

Completed

Determine which sections of the guideline apply to the building being audited

4

All

Completed ☐

Determine building height and building area

5

All

Completed ☐

Determine type of building construction – (combustible construction or noncombustible construction)

6

All

Completed ☐

Fire separating the building from an adjoining building not containing a hotel

The building being audited does not contain a hotel. Agree: Yes☐ No ☐ If ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

7

All

Completed ☐

Smoke alarms in guest suites

8

Yes ☐ No ☐

Completed ☐

Fire alarm and detection

The building is 3 storeys or less in building height, and each guest suite

• is served by an exterior exit facility leading to ground level, and

• is fire separated from adjacent rooms by walls that consist of reinforced concrete or masonry or have wall surfaces consisting of lath and plaster or gypsum board.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

9

Yes ☐ No ☐

Completed ☐

Voice communication system

The height of the building measured vertically between the floor of the top storey and grade is m. The height of the building as determined above is less than 36 m. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

10

Yes ☐ No ☐

Completed ☐

Access routes for fire fighting

The building is 3 storeys or less in building height and the building area is less than 600 m².

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

11

Yes ☐ No ☐

Completed ☐

Standpipe system

The building is 3 storeys or less in building height: Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

12

Yes ☐ No ☐

Completed ☐

Elevators for firefighters’ use

The height of the building measured vertically between the floor of the top storey and grade is . The height of the building as determined above is less than 18 m. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

13

Yes ☐ No ☐

Completed ☐

Identify and assess the quality of structural floor assemblies and supporting assemblies

The building is only one storey in building height and does not contain a basement.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

14

All as applicable

Completed ☐

Identify and assess the quality of required fire separations within floor areas

15

All

Completed ☐

Protection of openings in required fire separations (closures)

16

Yes ☐ No

Completed ☐

Pipes, ducts and plenums serving heating and air handling systems

The building contains

• a hot water or steam radiant heating system utilizing piping

• or a heating, ventilating or air-conditioning system utilizing ducts, plenums or piping to move air.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ this section is not applicable.

17

All as applicable

Completed ☐

Means of egress

18

Yes ☐ No

Completed ☐

Determining occupant loads

The building is

• one storey in building height,

• does not contain an assembly occupancy

• and each guest suite has direct access through a door to the exterior of the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

19

All as applicable

Completed ☐

Determine the number of exits required

20

All as applicable

Completed ☐

Rooms and other spaces requiring two or more egress doorways

21

Yes ☐ No ☐

Completed ☐

Determine the suitability of dead end corridors

The building is

• one storey in building height,

• does not contain an assembly occupancy

• and each guest suite has direct access through a door to the exterior of the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

22

Yes ☐ No

Completed ☐

Requirements for access to exits

The building is

• one storey in building height,

• does not contain an assembly occupancy

• and each guest suite has direct access through a door to the exterior of the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

23

Yes ☐ No ☐

Completed ☐

Occupant load restrictions resulting from limited means of egress widths available

The building is

• one storey in building height,

• does not contain an assembly occupancy

• and each guest suite has direct access through a door to the exterior of the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

24

Yes ☐ No ☐

Completed ☐

Additional occupant load restrictions in floor areas and rooms of assembly occupancy requiring two or more means of egress doorways

The building is

• one storey in building height,

• does not contain an assembly occupancy

• and each guest suite has direct access through a door to the exterior of the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

25

Yes ☐ No ☐

Completed ☐

Requirements for travel distance to an exit

The building is

• one storey in building height,

• does not contain an assembly occupancy

• and each guest suite has direct access through a door to the exterior of the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

26

Yes ☐ No ☐ Completed ☐

Determine the adequacy of exit stairway fire separations

The building is only one storey in building height and does not have a basement.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

27

Yes ☐ No ☐

Completed ☐

Exterior stairways and fire escapes

The building is only one storey in building height and does not have a basement.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

The building has an exterior

exit stairway(s) Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• fire escape(s) Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• passageway(s) Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ applies in all instances above this section does not apply.

28

All as applicable

Completed ☐

Doors in an access to exit and exit doors

29

Yes ☐ No

Completed ☐

Emergency access to floor areas from exit stairs

The building is only one storey in building height.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

30

All

Completed ☐

Exit signs

31

Yes ☐ No

Completed ☐

Floor number signs

The building is only one storey in building height and does not contain a basement.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

32

Yes ☐ No

Completed ☐

Interior finishes

The building is

• one storey in building height,

• does not contain an assembly occupancy

• and each guest suite has direct access through a door to the exterior of the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

33

Yes ☐ No

Completed ☐

Lighting

The building is

• one storey in building height,

• does not contain an assembly occupancy

• and each guest suite has direct access through a door to the exterior of the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

34

Yes ☐ No

Completed ☐

Emergency Lighting

The building is 3 storeys or less in building height, and each guest suite

• is served by an exterior exit facility leading to ground level

• is fire separated from adjacent rooms by walls that consist of reinforced concrete or masonry or have wall surfaces consisting of lath and plaster or gypsum board.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

The building contains a room(s) of an assembly occupancy having an occupant load of more than 60 people.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ is the response to both statements above this section does not apply.

35

Yes ☐ No ☐

Completed ☐

Emergency power supply (Generator)

The building is

• one storey in building height,

• does not contain an assembly occupancy

• and each guest suite has direct access through a door to the exterior of the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

36

Yes ☐ No ☐

Completed ☐

Unit equipment for emergency lighting

The building is

• one storey in building height,

• does not contain an assembly occupancy

• and each guest suite has direct access through a door to the exterior of the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

37

Yes ☐ No ☐

Completed ☐

Commercial cooking equipment

Commercial cooking equipment such as that used in a restaurant(s) or used for other commercial food preparation purposes (banquet facility, etc.) is present in the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ this section does not apply.

38

Yes ☐ No

Completed ☐

Requirements for interconnected floor spaces

This building contains an interconnected floor space as defined in Section 39.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ this section does not apply.

39

Yes ☐ No

Completed ☐

Smoke control measures

The height of the building measured vertically between the floor of the top storey and grade is . The height of the building as determined above is less than 18 m. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply.

40

As applicable

Completed ☐

Sprinkler system requirements

4.0 DETERMINE THE BUILDING HEIGHT AND BUILDING AREA

Many of the requirements in Retrofit are determined by the building size and the nature of its construction. The requirements are based upon building height and building area and whether the building is of combustible construction or noncombustible construction.

4.1 Determine The Building Height

This subsection involves determining the building height of the building being audited. It is important to note that the words, storey, first storey and grade all have assigned meanings and are used in their defined sense in the context of the definition.

Examine the building from the outside and inside. Identify the first storey of the building. Next, determine the building height in storeys. Storeys below grade are not included when determining building height.

The building is * storeys in building height.

4.2 Determine The Building Area

In this subsection it will be necessary to determine the building area of the building being audited.

For the purpose of determining the building area, Retrofit Section 9.9 permits a building containing a hotel to be separated from another connected building not containing a hotel, provided the buildings are separated from each other by

• a firewall

• an above ground walkway, or

• an underground walkway

Where the building is separated from another connected building using one of these methods then the building area includes the building containing the hotel only.

4.3 Calculating Building Area

The building is

a single detached building. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• subdivided from another building by a firewall, Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• subdivided from another building not containing a hotel by an above ground walkway. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• subdivided from another building not containing a hotel by an underground walkway. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

For guidance on how to determine building area proceed to Appendix B – Determining The Building Area.

CONCLUSION: The building area of the building is *m².

5.0 DETERMINE THE TYPE OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

Refer to Appendix C – Determine Type of Building Construction for guidance in determining whether the building is considered to be of combustible construction, noncombustible construction or of heavy timber construction.

NOTE: A building of heavy timber construction is also considered to be a building of combustible construction.

The building is of:

noncombustible construction Yes: ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’ briefly provide details of the existing building construction:*

combustible construction Yes: ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’ briefly provide details of the existing building construction:*

heavy timber construction Yes: ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’ briefly provide details of the existing building construction:*

COMPILED CONCLUSIONS OF SECTIONS 4 AND 5.

The building is * storeys in building height.

The building is *m² in building area.

The building is of heavy timber construction and combustible construction.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

The building is of combustible construction.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

The building is of noncombustible construction.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

6.0 FIRE SEPARATING THE BUILDING FROM AN ADJOINING BUILDING NOT CONTAINING A HOTEL

In this section it is necessary to determine the adequacy of features that fire separate a building containing a hotel from an adjoining building that does not contain a hotel.

The building being audited does not contain a hotel. Agree: Yes☐ No ☐ If ‘Yes’ this section does not apply, therefore proceed to Section 7.

The subject building is not attached, or connected by a covered walkway or underground walkway, to another building. Agree: Yes☐ No ☐ If ‘Yes’ this section does not apply, therefore proceed to Section 7.

The building containing the hotel is connected to a building that does not contain a hotel by (NOTE: More than one of the following points may apply.)

• a fire separation of noncombustible construction.

Agree:  Yes ☐ No ☐ If ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 6.1

• a fire separation of combustible construction .

Agree:  Yes☐ No ☐ If ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 6.2.

• an above ground covered walkway.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ If ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 6.3.

• an underground walkway. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ If ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 6.4.

6.1 Attached Buildings Fire Separated By A Noncombustible Fire Separation Having A 2-Hr Fire-Resistance Rating

[9.9.2.6.(1)] The building containing a hotel is required to be fire separated from an attached building that does not contain a hotel, by a fire separation of noncombustible construction having a 2-hr fire-resistance rating.

The existing wall assemblies (fire separation referred to above) consist of

• reinforced concrete. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• masonry. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• clay tile with plaster or gypsum board finish on both sides. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where the wall assembly does not correspond with one of the wall assemblies described above, proceed to Subsection 6.2.

All existing openings in the fire separation are protected with closures having 1.5-hr fire-protection rating. The door and frame has a permanent label affixed to it indicating that the door has the required 1.5-hr fire-protection rating.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list the openings. *

6.2 Attached Buildings Fire Separated By A Combustible Fire Separation Having A 2-Hr Fire-Resistance Rating

[9.9.2.6. (2)] As an alternative, the building containing a hotel is required to be fire separated from an attached building that does not contain a hotel, by a fire separation having a 2-hr fire-resistance rating constructed as a fire separation.

In this instance the existing fire separation has been purposefully designed and constructed as a fire separation having a 2-hr fire-resistance rating. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Provide relevant information to support this conclusion. (i.e. Building permit information, original construction details, assessment by a structural engineer, etc.) *

All existing openings in the fire separation are protected with closures having 1.5-hr fire-protection rating. The door and frame has a permanent label affixed to it indicating that the door has the required 1.5-hr fire-protection rating.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list the openings. *

6.3 Buildings Connected By An Above Ground Walkway

For the purpose of the following statement a walkway means a covered or roofed pedestrian thoroughfare used to connect 2 or more buildings.

The building containing a hotel is connected to another building not containing a hotel by an aboveground walkway.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 6.4. Where ‘Yes’ continue.

[9.9.2.6.(3)] The building containing a hotel is connected to an adjacent building not containing a hotel by an above ground walkway that is fire separated from each building by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 45 minutes. [3.2.3.20.(1)OBC]

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Both buildings connected to the walkway are each of combustible construction.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 6.4. Where ‘No’ continue.

[3.2.3.20.(3)OBC] One or both buildings are constructed of noncombustible construction and the walkway is of noncombustible construction.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 6.4. Where ‘No’ continue.

[3.2.3.20.(1)OBCThe walkway connected to the buildings is of heavy timber construction (Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐) and:

• not less than 50% of the area of any enclosing perimeter walls is open to the outdoors, Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• and the walkway is at ground level. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

6.4 Buildings Connected By An Underground Walkway

For the purpose of the following statement a walkway means a covered or roofed pedestrian thoroughfare used to connect 2 or more buildings.

The building containing a hotel is connected to another building not containing a hotel by an underground walkway.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 7. Where ‘Yes’ continue.

[9.9.2.6.(3)] The building containing a hotel is subdivided from a directly connected adjacent building that does not contain a hotel by an underground walkway that complies with the Building Code.

[3.2.3.21.(1)OBC]  The underground walkway:

§ is not designed for any purpose other than pedestrian travel (Agree:  Yes ☐ No ☐)

§ has other purpose but contains an occupancy that is sprinklered.

(Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐)

and

[3.2.3.21.(2)OBC]  Connected buildings are separated from the walkway by a fire separation with a fire-resistance rating of not less than 1 h. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

and

• [3.2.3.21.(3)OBC] Walkway is of noncombustible construction. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

(and if applicable, i.e. walkway exceeds 100 m in length)

• [3.2.3.21.(4)OBC] Smoke barrier doors are installed in underground walkways

• at intervals of not more than 100 m, or

• where the travel distance from the door of an adjacent room or space to the nearest exit exceeds one and a half times the least allowable travel distance for any of the adjacent occupancies as prescribed in OBC Sentence 3.4.2.5.(1).

Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ (NOTE: Where the travel distance provisions of the second point above apply, it will be necessary to review and examine the provisions of OBC Sentence 3.4.2.5. prior to determining if you agree or not agree.)

7.0 SMOKE ALARMS IN GUEST SUITES

Smoke alarms are required to be installed in each guest suite in every hotel.

The smoke alarm requirements include references to three different ULC standards. The following table contains a synopsis of the regulatory requirements outlined in Section 9.9 and those requirements contained in the referenced standards. For accurate reference, refer to the applicable standards. For correct placement of smoke alarm, refer to the illustration below.

In the table, Column 1 describes the requirements. Column 2 is used to document compliance or non-compliance. Column 3 is used to describe details of non-compliance when applicable.

Column 1

Col. 2

Column 3

[9.9.4.13.] Requirements for smoke alarms:

Complies

(Agree)

Describe nature of non-compliance

Yes

No

Installed in each guest suite.

 

Each is ULC labelled.

 

Battery operated, or

Have permanent connections to an electrical circuit and have no disconnect switches between the overcurrent device and the smoke alarm

 

Installed on each floor in multi-level guest suites, and

The smoke alarms are interconnected so that the actuation of one smoke alarm will cause all smoke alarms within the guest suite to sound (if applicable).

 

Not installed near an air outlet from a heating or air-conditioning system.

 

Permanently installed on the ceiling not less than 100 mm from any wall measured to the nearest edge of the smoke alarm, or on the wall with the top edge of the smoke alarm 100 to 300 mm from the ceiling.

 

Located at least 1 m or more from the centre of a laundry room or bathroom entrance door to avoid exposure to water vapour.

 

Located on the high side of the room where the ceiling slope is greater than 1 in 8.

 

Installed on the bottom of the joists or beams where the ceiling consists of exposed joists or beams.

 

Placement of smoke alarm diagram

8.0 FIRE ALARM AND DETECTION

This section addresses requirements for early fire warning and detection, which include the following provisions:

• Requirements for interconnected smoke alarms

• Requirements for a fire alarm system and its operation

• Automatic detection and alarm

• Annunciator and zone indication

• Ancillary features

• Voice communication

The building is 4 storeys or more in building height.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ a fire alarm system is required, therefore proceed to Section 8.3.

8.1 Exemption For Small Buildings

[9.9.4.1.(1)] The building is:

• not more than 3 storeys in building height, and

• each guest suite is

• served by an exterior exit facility leading to ground level

• separated from adjacent rooms by a fire separation having a 45-min fire-resistance rating, and

• equipped with a smoke alarm

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply therefore proceed to Section 10. Where ‘No’ continue.

8.2 Interconnected Smoke Alarms Permitted In Lieu Of A Fire Alarm System

The building is not more than 3 storeys in building height and has sleeping accommodation for 10 or less people.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 8.3. Where ‘Yes’ continue.

• [9.9.4.1.(3)] The building is equipped with smoke alarms on or near the ceiling

o in corridors serving guest suites on each floor area,

o adjacent to each stairway serving the corridors,

o on or near the ceiling of the basement adjacent to each stairway, and

• One manual pull station is provided in each floor area in an approved location, and

• Manual pull stations and smoke alarms are interconnected so that the actuation of either will cause all smoke alarms to operate and be audible throughout the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 10.

Where ‘No’ describe the degree of non-compliance: * Once completed, proceed to Section 10.

8.3 Buildings Requiring A Fire Alarm System

[9.9.4.1.(1)] Excluding those buildings identified in Subsection 8.1 and Subsection 8.2, a fire alarm system is required in all other buildings. The building is required to be provided with a fire alarm system.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

The building is equipped with an existing fire alarm system.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ the existing fire alarm system must conform to the provisions outlined in Subsections 8.4 through 8.15.

Where ‘No’ the building is required to be provided with a fire alarm system that conforms with the provisions outlined in Subsection 8.4 through 8.15. Due to the lack of an existing system you may proceed directly to Section 9.

8.4 Automatic Detection

Automatic fire detection is required to be provided in certain rooms and areas. The automatic detection requirements can be satisfied by having fire detectors installed in a manner outlined in Option #1 or by having the areas sprinklered in a manner consistent with Option #2.

Option #1

• [9.9.4.2.] Fire detectors are installed and connected to the building fire alarm system in every part of the building including elevator shafts and stair shafts.

NOTE: Detectors are not required in corridors, washrooms and closets in guest suites, saunas, refrigerated areas and swimming pools. Guest suites can also be excluded from areas needing detectors, but only where smoke detectors are instead installed in the corridor serving the guest suites.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Not applicable ☐ Where ‘No’ list areas of the building lacking fire detectors. *

Option #2

[9.9.4.2.(4) and OBC 3.2.4.16.(1) to (5)] Fire detectors are not required in rooms and areas provided these areas are sprinklered and the sprinkler system activates the fire alarm system upon sprinkler system activation. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

The sprinkler system is electrically supervised to indicate a trouble signal on the building fire alarm system annunciator for each of the following (where applicable):

• movement of a control valve handle,

• loss of excess water pressure required to prevent false alarms in a wet pipe system,

• loss of air pressure in a dry pipe system,

• loss of air pressure in a pressure tank,

• a significant change in water level in any water storage container used for fire fighting purposes,

• loss of electrical power to any automatically starting electrical fire pump, and

• a temperature approaching the freezing point in any dry pipe valve enclosure or water storage container used for fire fighting purposes.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list those areas that apply and do not conform. *

NOTE: An annunciator with zoning is not required until the building is 4 or more storeys in building height or has a minimum total area of 4000 m². See Section 8.7 for more details. Existing zoning arrangements can also be assessed for approval by the Chief Fire Official.

8.5 Manual Pull Stations

[9.9.4.3.] Requirements for manual pull stations:

Complies

Describe location(s) of non-compliance

Yes

No

Installed at the main reception area

 

Installed near every exit [see NOTE (1)]

 

Red in colour

 

Readily accessible and unobstructed

 

Readily visible

 

Installed at a height of not less than 1.2m and not more than 1.5m measured vertically from the finished floor

 

NOTE:

(1) A manual pull station may serve two exits where the exits are not more than 9 m apart, the exits are located on the same storey, and the pull station is readily accessible and visible from each exit.

8.6 Alarm Signalling Devices

[9.9.4.4.] Requirements for alarm signalling devices:

(bells, horns, etc.)

Complies

Describe location(s) of non-compliance

Yes

No

Installed on all storeys

 

Located so that the alarm signal and alert signal when sounded, may be heard throughout the building over all normal sounds at any time

 

Distinctive in sound

 

8.7 Annunciator Panels

The building is 4 or more storeys in building height or has a minimum total area of 4000 m².

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 8.8.

Where ‘Yes’ complete the table below.

[9.9.4.5.] Annunciator requirements:

Complies

Describe location(s) of non-compliance

Yes

No

Installed near the main entrance or in the main reception area, and is readily accessible to the fire department

 

Indicates all floors with not more than one floor per zone indicated

 

8.8 Fire Alarm Shutdown Of Recirculating Air Handling Systems

[9.9.4.6.] This subsection involves an examination of each heating and air-conditioning system in the building to determine

• if the air handling system is of a recirculating type, and

• where it is of a recirculating type, if it is interlocked with the fire alarm system.

The building has at least one recirculating air handling system.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 8.9. If ‘Yes’ continue

The recirculating air handling system serves more than one guest suite or storey.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 8.9. Where ‘Yes’ continue.

The recirculating air handling system is part of a smoke control system.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 8.9. Where ‘No’ continue.

The fire alarm system shuts down the recirculating air handling system(s) upon activation.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list the location of the recirculating air handling system(s) that does not comply: *

8.9 Trouble Signals

[9.9.4.7.] Fire alarm systems are electrically supervised whereby a fault condition, which would interfere with the operation of the fire alarm system, is detected. Once a fault is detected, typically an audible and visual trouble signal device must be provided.

A trouble signal sounding device is installed at the main reception area or a continuously supervised area.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ provide details of the variation.

Where a trouble signal sounding device has a silencing switch, [applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐] a trouble light is installed at the main reception area or a continuously supervised area.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where applicable and ‘No’, provide details of the variation. *

8.10 Fire Alarm System Operation

[9.9.4.8.] The fire alarm system must operate in conformance with Article 3.2.4.4. of the 1994 Building Code.

Fire alarm system operational requirements include:

Complies

Describe variances of compliance

Yes

No

[3.2.4.4.(1) OBC]

A single stage fire alarm system is installed in this building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to next row.

(NOTE: A single stage fire alarm system will upon the operation of any manual pull station or fire detector, cause an alarm signal to sound on all audible signal devices in the system.)

 

[3.2.4.4.(2) OBC] A 2 stage fire alarm system is installed in this building. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

NOTE: A two stage fire alarm system:

(a) causes an alarm signal to sound in the initiating fire zone upon the operation of any manual pull station or fire detector,

(b) causes an alert signal to sound throughout the hotel and such parts of the building as is necessary to alert hotel staff.

(c) automatically causes an alarm signal to sound if the alert signal is not acknowledged within 5 minutes of its initiation,

(d) has each manual pull station equipped so that the use of a key or other similar device causes an alarm signal to sound and continue to sound upon the removal of the key or similar device from the manual pull station

 

[3.2.4.4.(3) & (4) OBC] The fire alarm system has zone coded signals.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ describe the operation of the system.

NOTE: Zone coded signals indicate the zone of fire alarm origin using different alarm signal patterns that are known to staff.

8.11 Continuity Of Fire Alarm System

[9.9.4.9.] The building is served by a single fire alarm system. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Describe details of the variance: *

8.12 Electrical Supervision Of The Fire Alarm System

The primary design criterion of fire alarm system is reliability, such that whenever called upon to actuate, the system must function. Electrical supervision helps ensure this reliability. Electrical supervision is a means whereby a fault condition, which would interfere with the operation of the fire alarm system, is detected.

Any such fault condition in the wiring of the following system components will initiate a trouble signal:

• Detection circuits

• Signal circuits

• Main and standby power supply

• Primary annunciator

In addition, all relays or modules within the control panel are supervised against removal. Overcurrent protection devices are also supervised against interruption.

During any trouble occurrence, it may be possible to identify the following trouble indications at the control panel:

• A.C. power supply ON or OFF

• System ground fault

• Battery trouble

• Detection circuit faults

• Signal circuit fault

• Auxiliary or Fire Department switches OFF

[9.9.4.10] Based upon the information provided above, it is determined that the fire alarm system is electrically supervised.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ describe details of variance: *

8.13 Emergency Power For The Fire Alarm System

[9.9.4.11.(1) & (2)] The existing emergency power supply provides supervisory power for not less than 24 hours and emergency power under full load for not less than 5 minutes at the end of the 24-hour period.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ describe details of variance: *

NOTE: Where ‘No’ the emergency power supply must be upgraded to comply with Article 3.2.7.8. of the 1994 Building Code.

8.14 Primary Power For The Fire Alarm System

[9.9.4.11.(3) & (4)] The fire alarm system primary source of power is provided by a separate circuit, equipped with a separate circuit breaker or fuse switch that is located in a secure area.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ describe details of variance: *

When the building is not supplied with primary power from a public utility, the system is equipped with two independent sources of power.

Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ describe the power sources: *

8.15 Installation, Extension, Modifications To The Existing System

Should it become necessary to install, extend or modify the fire alarm system the following standards and their respective requirements will apply to the installation, extension or modification.

[9.9.4.12.(1)] Where the fire alarm system is required to be installed, extended, or modified by Retrofit 9.9, the installation, extension or modification shall be in conformance with CAN/ULC S524, “Installation of Fire Alarm Systems”.

[9.9.4.12.(2)] Where the fire alarm system is required to be installed, extended or modified by Retrofit 9.9, the installation, extension or modification shall be verified in conformance with CAN/ULC S537, “Standard for the Verification of Fire Alarm Systems”.

The fire alarm system will have to be

• Extended, Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• Modified, Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• Installed, Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

If fire alarm system was installed, extended or modified after January 1, 2007, it was verified on this date:

9.0 VOICE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

The height of the building measured vertically between the floor of the top storey and grade is *m.

The height of the building as determined above is 36 m or less. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply, therefore proceed to Section 10. If the response is ‘No’ continue.

A voice communication system allows trained building personnel or the Fire Department to give verbal instructions and information to building occupants. These instructions help to reduce the anxiety of occupants in an emergency and aid in a safe, orderly evacuation.

The building is equipped with a voice communication system or a public address system.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

[9.9.4.14.] Requirements for a voice communication system:

Applicable

Describe variances of compliance

Yes

No

Consists of loudspeakers operated from the central alarm and control facility where applicable, or

 

Consists of loudspeakers operated from another location other than a central alarm and control facility that is accessible to the fire department and supervisory staff appointed under Section 2.8 (needs to be approved)

 

Provides clear verbal signals throughout the building except for elevator cars

 

Provides for automatic silencing of the fire alarm signals or alert signals when loudspeakers are in use

 

An existing public address system compatible with the fire safety plan required under Section 2.8 and capable of communicating instructions to building occupants may be approved.

An existing public address system that is not associated with the building fire alarm system is provided in the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 10. Where ‘Yes’ provide details relating to the existing public address system: *

10.0 ACCESS ROUTE FOR FIRE FIGHTING

[9.9.5.1. (1)] Every building that exceeds 3 storeys in building height or 600 m² in building area shall be provided with access routes for fire department vehicles. Access routes for fire fighting shall be provided in conformance with the requirements of Articles 3.2.5.5. to 3.2.5.7. of the 1994 Building Code.

The building is fully sprinklered.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply, therefore proceed to Section 11. Where ‘No’ continue.

The building is 3 storeys or less in building height and the building area is less than 600 m².

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply, therefore proceed to Section 11. Where ‘No’ continue.

The building is 7 storeys or more in building height.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Subsection 10.2. Where ‘No’ continue.

10.1 Access Route For Buildings 6 Storeys Or Less In Building Height

[9.9.5.1.(3)] In a building 6 storeys or less in building height the existing fire department access route is deemed to comply with the Building Code provided the access route:

Complies

Where ‘No’ describe variances

Yes

No

has a clear width of at least 6 m

 

is capable of supporting the expected loads imposed by fire fighting equipment and surfaced with concrete, asphalt or other material that provides accessibility under all climatic conditions

 

is located not less than 3 m and not more than 15 m from the principal entrance

 

is connected with a public thoroughfare

 

10.2 Access Route For Buildings 7 Storeys Or More In Building Height

[9.9.5.1.] Access routes for fire department vehicles for buildings that are 7 or more storeys in building height must correspond to the requirements listed below: [3.2.5.5. to 3.2.5.7. OBC]

Complies

Where ‘No’ describe variances

Yes

No

Access routes are located so that the principal entrance and every access opening required for fire fighting as described in NOTE (1) is not less than 3 m and not more than 15 m from the closest portion of the access route, measured horizontally from the face of the building.

 

Where a fire department connection is provided for a sprinkler or a standpipe system, a fire department pumper vehicle can be located adjacent to the fire hydrant.

 

The unobstructed path of travel for fire fighters from the vehicle to the building is not more than 45 m. (The unobstructed paths of travel for fire fighters from the vehicle to the building shall be measured from the vehicle to the fire department connection provided for the building, except that where no such connection is provided, the paths of travel shall be measured to the principal entrance of the building.)

 

Where a portion of the building is completely cut off from the remainder of the building so that there is no access to the remainder of the building, the access route is located so that the unobstructed path of travel from the vehicle to one entrance of each portion is not more than 45 m.

 

Where the access route is provided by means of a roadway or yard, (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐) the design and location of that portion of the roadway or yard:

has a clear width of at least 6 m, unless it can be shown that lesser widths is satisfactory

 

has a centreline radius of not less than 12 m

 

has an overhead clearance of at least 5 m

 

has a change of gradient of not more than 1 and 12.5 over a minimum distance of 15 m

 

has been designed to support the expected loads imposed by fire fighting equipment and is surfaced with concrete, asphalt or other material designed to permit accessibility under all climatic conditions

 

has turnaround facilities for any dead-end portion of the access route exceeding 90 m

 

is connected with a public thoroughfare

 

NOTE:

(1) The intent is that direct access for fire fighting is provided from the outdoors to every storey (except for storeys below the first storey) having its floor level less than 25 m above grade, by not less than one unobstructed window or access panel for each 15 m of wall in each wall required to face a street, and direct access from not less than one street is provided from the outdoors to each basement having a horizontal dimension more than 25 m.

11.0 STANDPIPE SYSTEM

The building is 3 storeys or less in building height: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply, therefore proceed to Section 12. If the response is ‘No’ continue.

[9.9.5.2.(2)] A building 4 storeys or more in building height is required to be equipped with a standpipe and hose system.

Sub-section 11.1

[9.9.5.2.(3) & (4)] Hose stations are:

Comply

Where ‘No’ describe variances

Yes

No

located so that all areas

q are protected by a hose station on the same storey except for a penthouse that may be protected by a hose station located in the storey below

q and can be reached by a hose stream and are within 6 m of a hose nozzle when the hose is extended

 

provided with a 38 mm hose valve

 

equipped with not more than 30 m of 38 mm hose on a hose rack with the hose attached, ready for use at all times

 

equipped with a shut off combination fog and straight stream nozzle

 

within easy reach of a person standing on the floor, with the hose valve connection located no more than 1.5 m from the floor

 

located in corridors (where possible) and in hose cabinets

 

Sub-section 11.2

[9.9.5.2.(5)] The standpipe system:

has an adequate water supply capable of producing a hose stream of a least 6 m from the hose nozzle at the highest fire hose outlet

 

is served by at least one fire department connection located on the outside of the building adjacent to a street, readily accessible to the fire department

 

Sub-section 11.3

[9.9.5.2.(6)] Hose cabinets are:

of sufficient size to accommodate a hose, hose rack, hose valve and fire extinguisher

 

conspicuously identified by lettering at least 50 mm high or by the provision of a sufficiently large glass panel in the door to ensure that the equipment in the cabinet is readily visible

 

equipped with a door without locks, constructed to open easily

 

so located that the door, when open, will not obstruct any doorway

 

12.0 ELEVATORS FOR FIREFIGHTERS’ USE

The height of the building measured vertically between the floor of the top storey and grade is *. The height of the building as measured above is 18 m or less. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply, therefore proceed to Section 13.

Where the height exceeds 18 m, continue.

[9.9.5.3.] Buildings more than 18 m in height are required to be equipped with an elevator for firefighters’ use.

Sub-section 12.1

An elevator is acceptable for use by firefighters provided:

Comply

Describe variances of compliance

Yes

No

[9.9.5.3.(2)(a)] The elevator is capable of providing transportation from the street floor to every floor served by the elevator system

 

[9.9.5.3.(2)(b)] The elevator is identified on the street floor as an elevator provided for use by firefighters

 

Manual emergency recall operation is provided. [3.2.6.8.(1) OBC]

 

Key-operated switches for emergency recall described above are provided in a conspicuous location at each elevator lobby on the recall level and at the central alarm and control facility where one is provided. [3.2.6.8.(2) OBC]

 

In-car emergency switches are provided in all elevator cars. [3.2.6.8.(3) OBC]

 

Keys to operate the switches required above are provided in a suitably identified box conspicuously located on the outside of an elevator shaft near the central alarm and control facility and an additional key, or keys, are kept at the central alarm and control facility where one is provided. [3.2.6.8.(4) OBC]

 

[9.9.5.3.(2)(d)] Other elevator cabs in the same shaft as the elevator for use by firefighters

q has manual emergency recall operation. [3.2.6.8.(1) OBC]

q and key-operated switches for emergency recall described above are provided in a conspicuous location at each elevator lobby on the recall level and at the central alarm and control facility where one is provided. [3.2.6.8.(2) OBC]

 

Sub-section 12.2

[9.9.5.3.(3)] The building is equipped with an elevator system that requires transfer from one elevator to another elevator to reach all floors above grade. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ the following requirements do not apply, therefore proceed to Section 13. Where ‘Yes’, continue.

[9.9.5.3.(3) The elevator is identified on the street floor and the transfer floor as elevators provided for firefighter’s use

 

Manual emergency recall operation is provided for all elevators serving storeys above the first storey. [3.2.6.8.(1) OBC]

 

Key-operated switches for emergency recall described above are provided in a conspicuous location at each elevator lobby on the recall level and at the central alarm and control facility where one is provided. [3.2.6.8.(2) OBC]

 

In-car emergency switches shall be provided in all elevator cars. [3.2.6.8.(3) OBC]

 

Keys to operate the switches required above are provided in a suitably identified box conspicuously located on the outside of an elevator shaft near the central alarm and control facility and an additional key, or keys, are kept at the central alarm and control facility where one is provided. [3.2.6.8.(4) OBC]

 

[9.9.5.3.(3)(c)] Emergency power is provided that is capable of operating one elevator car at a time, in buildings where the vertical distance between the floor of the top storey and grade exceeds 36 m

 

[9.9.5.3.(3)(d)] Other elevator cabs share the same shaft as the elevator for use by firefighters. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ the following requirements do not apply, therefore proceed to Section 13. Where ‘Yes’, continue.

[9.9.5.3.(3)(d)] Other elevator cabs in the same shaft as the elevator for use by firefighters

q has manual emergency recall operation. [3.2.6.8.(1) OBC]

q and key-operated switches for emergency recall described above are provided in a conspicuous location at each elevator lobby on the recall level and at the central alarm and control facility where one is provided. [3.2.6.8.(2) OBC]

 

13.0 IDENTIFY AND ASSESS THE QUALITY OF STRUCTURAL FLOOR ASSEMBLIES AND SUPPORTING ASSEMBLIES

The building is only one storey in building height and does not contain a basement.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply. Proceed to Section 14.

This section involves examining the structural features of the building to determine how well the building or portions of the building will withstand exposure to fire and its ability or inability to limit fire spread. For guidance on the subject including a detailed process to assist in conducting this assessment, refer to Appendix D – Containment and Control of Fire.

Complete the table below to provide details relating to the types of existing floor assemblies, walls, columns and arches supporting the floor assemblies and to assist you in determining the assembly’s assigned fire-resistance rating.

The floor assemblies and walls, columns and arches supporting the floor assemblies are:

Applicable

Assigned Fire-resistance rating

reinforced concrete

Yes ☐ No ☐ List locations where applicable:

2-hr

masonry

Yes ☐ No ☐ List locations where applicable:

2-hr

clay tile with plaster and lath or gypsum board finish on both sides

Yes ☐ No ☐ List locations where applicable:

2-hr

assemblies with membranes consisting of lath and plaster

Yes ☐ No ☐ List locations where applicable:

1-hr

assemblies with membranes consisting of gypsum board

Yes ☐ No ☐ List locations where applicable:

1-hr

assemblies with membranes consisting of materials other than lath and plaster or gypsum board (wood panel, ply, sheet metal, etc.)

Yes ☐ No ☐ List locations where applicable:

None

exposed wooden structures

Yes ☐ No ☐ List locations where applicable:

None

exposed unprotected steel structures

Yes ☐ No ☐ List locations where applicable:

None

floor assembly with suspended tile ceiling

Yes ☐ No ☐ List locations where applicable:

None

NOTE (1)

heavy timber construction

Yes ☐ No ☐ List locations where applicable:

45-min

NOTE:

(1) Where a floor assembly includes suspended ceiling tiles mounted below the structure it will be necessary to determine if the original assembly was designed and constructed as a fire separation having a specified fire-resistance rating. This may require an examination of the building’s original construction drawings. Alternatively, a Professional Engineer or Architect could be consulted for a comprehensive analysis.

Review the statements below in relationship to the subject building until the circumstances described in the statement apply to the building. Where the statement applies, proceed to the corresponding subsection identified.

The building is 7 or more storeys in building height.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 13.4.

The building is 5 or 6 storeys in building height.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 13.3.

The building is 4 storeys in building height.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 13.2.

The building is 3 storeys in building height and more than 600 m² in building area.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 13.2.

The building is 3 storeys in building height and 600 m² or less in building area.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 13.1.

The building is 2 storeys in building height and more than 900 m² in building area.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 13.2.

The building is 2 storeys in building height and 900 m² or less in building area.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 13.1.

The building is 1 storey and more than 1200 m² in building area.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 13.2.

The building is 1 storey in building height and 1200 m² or less in building area.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 13.1.

13.1 Building 1 To 3 Storeys In Building Height With Limited Building Area

In this subsection you will determine the suitability of the structural floor assemblies and supporting assemblies and document your conclusions.

Using the information obtained through analysis in Section 4, complete the table below. It is necessary to refer to the NOTES identified by brackets ( ) below the table where applicable.

Column 1 identifies the applicable Fire Code requirement numerical reference. Identify in Columns 2 and 3 the applicable building height and building area. Columns 4 and 5 in the corresponding row identify the required fire-resistance rating for the specified floor assemblies and their respective supporting members.

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Column 4

Column 5

Fire Code Article

Maximum building height (storeys above grade)

Building area (m²)

Required fire-resistance rating for floor assemblies above the first storey and supporting members

Required fire-resistance rating of floor assembly and supporting structure between 1st storey and basement

Unsprinklered building

Sprinklered building NOTE (1)

Unsprinklered building

Sprinklered basement NOTE (2a)

Meets other conditions NOTES (2b) or (3)

9.9.2.2.

1☐

Between 601 and 1200☐

Not applicable

30-min

Yes ☐

Yes ☐

(2b)

Yes ☐

1☐

Up to 600☐

Not applicable

30-min

Yes ☐

Yes ☐

(2b)

Yes ☐

(3)

Yes ☐

2☐

Up to 900☐

30-min

Yes

Yes ☐

30-min

Yes ☐

Yes ☐

(2b)

Yes ☐

3☐

Up to 600☐

30-min

Yes ☐

Yes ☐

30-min

Yes ☐

Yes ☐

(2b)

Yes ☐

NOTES:

(1) Existing floor assemblies and supporting structure are acceptable where the entire building is sprinklered.

(2) Where sleeping accommodation or meeting rooms are not provided in the basement, an existing fire separation between the first storey and basement shall be deemed acceptable where

(a) the basement is sprinklered

or

(b) the building contains not more than four guest suites and provides sleeping accommodation for not more than 10 persons, and

(i) interconnected smoke alarms are installed in conformance with Clause 9.9.4.1.(3)(c) and

(ii) doors connecting the basement and first storey have a 20-min fire-protection rating and are equipped with self-closing and latching devices, and

(iii) fire stopping of the wall space at the basement level is in accordance with 9.10.15.3. of the 1994 Building Code.

(3) The building is not more than 1 storey in building height and not more than 600 m² in building area. Where sleeping accommodation or meeting rooms are not provided in the basement, an existing fire separation between the first storey and basement shall be deemed acceptable where

(a) each guest suite has direct access to the outdoors by a door near ground level and

(b) doors connecting the basement and first storey have a 20-min fire-protection rating and are equipped with self-closing and latching devices, and

(c) fire stopping of the wall space at the basement level is in accordance with 9.10.15.3. of the 1994 Building Code and

(d) an approved early warning system is installed consisting of fire detectors in the basement interconnected with alarm signalling devices that are audible in guest suites.

Summary Of Analysis

The building is fully sprinklered.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Only the basement is fully sprinklered.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Based upon the information derived from completing the table above, the floor assembly situated between the basement and the first storey is required to have a fire-resistance rating of *. (Specify required fire-resistance rating.) Describe the degree of compliance or non-compliance. *

Based upon the information derived from completing the table above, all other floor assemblies situated between other storeys in the building are required to have a fire-resistance rating of *. (Specify required fire-resistance rating.) Describe the status of compliance or non-compliance. *

Additional information. *

Proceed to Section 14.

13.2 Building 1 To 4 Storeys In Building Height With Unlimited Building Area

In this subsection you will determine the suitability of the structural floor assemblies and supporting assemblies and document your conclusions.

Using the information obtained through analysis in Section 4, complete the table below. It is necessary to refer to the NOTES below the table where applicable.

Column 1 identifies the applicable Fire Code requirement numerical reference.

Identify in Columns 2 and 3 the applicable building height and building area.

Column 4 in the corresponding row identifies the required fire-resistance rating for the specified floor assemblies and supporting members. Column 5 in the corresponding row identifies an additional requirement for buildings of combustible construction.

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Column 4

Column 5

Fire Code Article

Maximum building height (in storeys above grade)

Building area

(m²)

Minimum required fire-resistance rating of all floor assemblies and supporting members

Additional requirement for buildings of combustible construction (which includes heavy timber construction)

Unsprinklered building

Sprinklered building NOTE (1)

Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

9.9.2.3.

1☐

exceeds

1200☐

45-min

Yes ☐

Smoke detectors are provided in corridors serving guest suites

Yes ☐

2☐

exceeds

900☐

45-min

Yes ☐

Smoke detectors are provided in corridors serving guest suites

Yes ☐

3☐

exceeds

600☐

45-min

Yes ☐

Smoke detectors are provided in corridors serving guest suites

Yes ☐

 

4☐

any area

45-min

Yes ☐

Smoke detectors are provided in corridors serving guest suites

Yes ☐

NOTE:

(1) The existing floor assemblies and supporting structures are deemed to be acceptable, provided the building is sprinklered.

Summary of Analysis

The building is fully sprinklered.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Based upon the information derived from completing the table above, all floor assemblies are required to have a fire-resistance rating of *. (Specify required fire-resistance rating.) Describe the degree of compliance or non-compliance. *

The building is of combustible construction (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 14) and the corridors serving guest suites are equipped with smoke detectors connected to the building fire alarm system.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, describe the variance. *

Proceed to Section 14.

13.3 Building 5 Or 6 Storeys In Building Height

In this subsection you will determine the suitability of the structural floor assemblies and supporting assemblies and document your conclusions.

Using the information obtained through analysis in Section 4.0, complete the table below. It is necessary to refer to the NOTES below the table to determine the extent of the requirements.

Column 1 identifies the applicable Fire Code requirement numerical reference.

Column 2 identifies the type of building construction. Check only where applicable.

Column 3 identifies the required fire-resistance rating for the specified floor assemblies and supporting members.

Column 4 specifies whether the building is required to be sprinklered or not.

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Column 4

Fire Code Article

Type of building construction

Minimum required fire-resistance rating of all floor assemblies and supporting members

Is the building or a portion of the building required to be sprinklered?

9.9.2.4.

Noncombustible construction

Yes ☐

45-min

No

Noncombustible construction except the roof assembly only consists of heavy timber construction Yes ☐

45-min

Yes

NOTES (1), (2)

Noncombustible construction except the roof assembly only consists of combustible construction Yes ☐

45-min

Yes

NOTES (1), (2)

Heavy timber construction

Yes ☐

45-min (3)

Yes

NOTE (3)

Combustible construction

Yes ☐

45-min

Yes

NOTES:

(1) The building is not required to be sprinklered provided the ceiling membrane has a 45-min fire-resistance rating and the attic space is fire stopped in conformance with Article 3.1.11.5. of the 1994 Building Code.

(2) As an alternative to NOTE (1), where the top storey and attic space are sprinklered the remainder of the building is not required to be sprinklered.

(3) Where smoke detectors are provided in corridors serving guest suites the building of heavy timber construction is not required to be sprinklered and the existing floor assemblies are deemed to be acceptable.

Summary of Analysis

The building is fully sprinklered.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

The top storey and attic space are sprinklered.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

All floor assemblies are required to have a nominal fire-resistance rating of *. (Specify required fire-resistance rating.) Complies: Yes ☐ No ☐

Additional information. *

Proceed to Section 14.

13.4 Buildings 7 Or More Storeys In Building Height

In this section you will determine the suitability of the structural floor assemblies and supporting assemblies and document your conclusions.

Column 1 identifies the applicable Fire Code requirement numerical reference.

Column 2 identifies the type of building construction. Check only where applicable.

Column 3 identifies the required fire-resistance rating for the floor assemblies and supporting members. Column 4 specifies whether the building or portion of the building is required to be sprinklered or not.

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Column 4

Fire Code Article

Type of construction

Required fire-resistance rating of floor assembly(s) and supporting members

Is the building required to be sprinklered?

9.9.2.5.

Noncombustible construction

Yes ☐ No

1-hr

No

Noncombustible construction where roof assembly only consists of heavy timber construction

Yes ☐ No ☐

1-hr

No

Noncombustible construction with roof assembly only consisting of combustible construction Yes ☐ No ☐

1-hr

Yes

NOTES (1), (2)

Combustible construction

Yes ☐ No ☐

1-hr

Yes


NOTES:

(1) The building is not required to be sprinklered provided the ceiling membrane has a 45-min fire-resistance rating and the attic space is fire stopped in conformance with Article 3.1.11.5. of the 1994 Building Code.

(2) The remainder of the building is not required to be sprinklered provided the top storey and attic space are sprinklered.

Summary of Analysis

The building is fully sprinklered. Yes ☐ No ☐

The top storey and attic space is fully sprinklered. Yes ☐ No ☐

All floor assemblies are required to have a nominal fire-resistance rating of *. (Specify required fire-resistance rating.) Complies: Yes ☐ No ☐

Additional information. *

Proceed to Section 14.

14.0 IDENTIFY AND ASSESS THE QUALITY OF REQUIRED FIRE SEPARATIONS WITHIN FLOOR AREAS

Fires can start in any room or area in a building. To limit the spread of fire in a floor area the regulation requires certain rooms and areas to be fire separated to protect the room or space from fire entering it, or to prevent fire from spreading beyond the room of fire origin. Refer to Appendix D – Containment and Control of Fire for additional information and guidance relating to this subject.

This section involves the examination of fire separations (wall assemblies) situated between:

guest suites and adjacent rooms and areas

• corridors serving guest suites and adjacent rooms

major occupancies

• laundry rooms, storage rooms and maintenance shops, and the remainder of the building

• kitchens containing commercial cooking equipment and the remainder of the building

• rooms containing fuel-fired appliances and the remainder of the building

vertical service spaces and the remainder of the building

• linen and refuse chute facilities, and the remainder of the building

The following table provides helpful information to identify the types of wall assemblies that may exist in the building that fire separate the areas regulated. The various types of existing wall assemblies are described in Column 1. Column 2 identifies the fire-resistance rating assigned to that particular type of existing wall assembly.

Column 1

Column 2

Types of existing wall assemblies

Maximum assigned fire-resistance rating

Reinforced concrete or masonry

2-hr

Clay tile with plaster and lath or gypsum board finish on both sides

2-hr

Assemblies with membranes consisting of lath and plaster

1-hr

Assemblies with membranes consisting of gypsum board

1-hr

Framed assemblies with membranes consisting of materials other than lath and plaster or gypsum board (wood panel, ply, sheet metal, etc.)

None

Time saving tip: Before proceeding to complete the following subsections, it is suggested that you review Sections 14 and 15 in their entirety. Section 15 involves an assessment of the protection provided for doorway and other openings in required fire separations that are examined in Section 14. Openings in fire separations are protected with closures, which may consist of doors, wired glass assemblies, glass block assemblies, fire dampers, etc. After reviewing Sections 14 and 15, it may be possible to conduct the assessment/analysis of the applicable areas simultaneously.

14.1 Between Guest Suites And Adjacent Rooms Or Areas

[9.9.2.8.(1)] Guest suites are required to be fire separated from adjacent rooms and areas on the same floor area by fire separations having:

• 30-min fire-resistance rating in buildings not more than 6 storeys in building height (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐)

• 45-min fire-resistance rating in buildings that are more than 6 storeys in building height. (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐)

[9.9.2.8.(3)] Existing fire separations are deemed to be acceptable provided they are continuous and the floor area is sprinklered.

The floor area is sprinklered. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ the sprinkler system must conform to Article 9.9.5.4. Proceed to Subsection 14.2 Where ‘No’ continue.

Existing wall assemblies deemed to provide at least a 45-min fire-resistance rating are described in the following table:

An analysis of the existing wall assemblies fire separating guest suites from adjacent rooms are continuous and consist of:

Agree:

Reinforced concrete or masonry

☐ Yes ☐ No

Clay tile with plaster and lath or gypsum board finish on both sides

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of lath and plaster

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of gypsum board

☐ Yes ☐ No

NOTE: Where an existing wall assembly is not one of the types described above, then Appendix D can be used to analyse the wall assembly to determine if it will provide a 30-min or 45-min fire-resistance rating.

Where applicable, list the guest suites that do not have existing walls fire separating adjacent rooms by one or more of the wall assemblies described above. *

14.2 Between Corridors Serving Guest Suites And Adjacent Rooms

NOTE: Subsection 14.2 is not intended to address fire separation requirements for exterior passageways which serve guest suites as a means of egress. Requirements for exterior passageways will be addressed elsewhere in the audit guideline.

Guest suites have interior corridors serving them as a means of egress.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Subsection 14.3. Where ‘Yes’ continue.

[9.9.2.8.(2)] Corridors serving guest suites must be separated from adjacent rooms and areas on the same floor area by fire separations having:

• 30-min fire-resistance rating in buildings not more than 6 storeys in building height (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐)

• 45-min fire-resistance rating in buildings that are more than 6 storeys in building height. (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐)

[9.9.2.8.(3)] Existing fire separations are deemed to be acceptable provided they are continuous and the floor area is sprinklered.

The floor area is sprinklered. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ the sprinkler system must conform to Article 9.9.5.4. Proceed to Subsection 14.3. Where ‘No’ continue.

Existing wall assemblies deemed to provide at least a 45-min fire-resistance rating are described in the following table:

An analysis of the existing wall assemblies fire separating corridors serving guest suites from adjacent rooms are continuous and consist of:

Agree:

Reinforced concrete or masonry

☐ Yes ☐ No

Clay tile with plaster and lath or gypsum board finish on both sides

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of lath and plaster

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of gypsum board

☐ Yes ☐ No

NOTE: Where an existing wall assembly is not of a type described above, refer to Appendix D for information on how to determine if the existing assembly will provide a 30-min or 45-min fire-resistance rating.

Where applicable, list the corridor areas that do not have existing walls fire separating adjacent rooms by one or more of the wall assemblies described above. *

14.3 Between Major Occupancies

The building contains a major occupancy other than the hotel / residential occupancy.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, proceed to Subsection 14.4.

Where ‘Yes’ list the major occupancies in the building and their respective locations. *

[9.9.2.9.] Major occupancies must be fire separated from each other by:

fire separations having a 45-min fire-resistance rating, Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

or,

existing fire separations having a 30-min fire-resistance rating are deemed to be acceptable where

o the floor area is sprinklered, or Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

o the part of the building containing the major occupancy is equipped with fire detectors and connecting corridors are equipped with smoke detectors as part of the fire alarm system of the building. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Existing wall assemblies deemed to provide at least a 45-min fire-resistance rating are described in the following table:

An analysis of the existing wall assemblies fire separating the major occupancies from each other are continuous and consist of:

Agree:

Reinforced concrete or masonry

☐ Yes ☐ No

Clay tile with plaster and lath or gypsum board finish on both sides

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of lath and plaster

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of gypsum board

☐ Yes ☐ No

Where applicable, list the areas that do not have major occupancies separated as described above. *

The above requirement to fire separate major occupancies also applies to floor assemblies that fire separate major occupancies from each other. (Refer to Section 13 to assist in determining this requirement.)

Existing floor assemblies deemed to provide at least a 45-min fire-resistance rating are described in the following table:

An analysis of the existing floor assemblies fire separating the major occupancies from each other are continuous and consist of:

Agree:

Reinforced concrete

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of lath and plaster

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of gypsum board

☐ Yes ☐ No

Where applicable, list the areas that do not have major occupancies separated as described above. *

14.4 Between Laundry Rooms, Storage Rooms, Maintenance Shops And The Remainder Of The Building

The hotel establishment contains one or more:

• Laundry room(s) Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’ list the locations of each. *

• Storage room(s) exceeding 0.6 m² in area Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’ list the locations of each. *

• Maintenance shop(s) Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’ list the locations of each. *

Where ‘No’ has been identified as not applicable in all three instances above proceed to Subsection 14.5.

[9.9.2.11.] Laundry rooms, and storage rooms exceeding 0.6 m2 in area, and any maintenance shops are required to be fire separated from the remainder of the building fire separations having a 45-min fire-resistance rating.

Existing wall assemblies deemed to provide at least a 45-min fire-resistance rating are described in the following table:

An analysis of the existing wall assemblies fire separating the applicable laundry, storage or maintenance shop rooms from adjacent rooms are continuous and consist of:

Agree:

Reinforced concrete or masonry

☐ Yes ☐ No

Clay tile with plaster and lath or gypsum board finish on both sides

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of lath and plaster

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of gypsum board

☐ Yes ☐ No

Where applicable, list the areas that do not have wall assemblies described above. *

The requirement to fire separate the applicable rooms also requires the floor assemblies that fire separate the rooms from the storey above to have the same minimum fire-resistance rating. (Refer to Section 13 to assist in determining this requirement.)

Existing floor assemblies deemed to provide at least a 45-min fire-resistance rating are described in the following table:

An analysis of the existing floor assemblies fire separating the applicable rooms from the storey above are continuous and consist of:

Agree:

Reinforced concrete

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of lath and plaster

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of gypsum board

☐ Yes ☐ No

Where applicable, list the areas that do not have existing floor assemblies described above. *

14.5 Between Kitchens And The Remainder Of The Building

The hotel establishment contains a kitchen(s) containing commercial cooking equipment. Agree:  Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Subsection 14.6.

All cooking surfaces are protected by a fixed fire protection system.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’, proceed to Subsection 14.6.

[9.9.2.19.(5)] Where ‘No’ the kitchen(s) must be fire separated from the remainder of the building by fire separations having a 45-min fire-resistance rating.

Existing wall assemblies deemed to provide at least a 45-min fire-resistance rating are described in the following table:

An analysis of the existing wall assemblies fire separating the kitchens containing commercial cooking equipment from adjacent rooms are continuous and consist of:

Agree:

Reinforced concrete or masonry

☐ Yes ☐ No

Clay tile with plaster and lath or gypsum board finish on both sides

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of lath and plaster

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of gypsum board

☐ Yes ☐ No

NOTE: [9.9.2.19.(6)] The fire separation around the kitchen, where applicable, may have an unprotected pass-through opening into the adjoining dining area if approved measures are provided to limit fire spread.

Where applicable, list the areas that do not have existing wall assemblies described above. *

The requirement to fire separate the kitchen(s) also requires the floor assemblies that fire separate the kitchen(s) from the storey above to have the same minimum fire-resistance rating. (Refer to Section 13 to assist in determining this requirement.)

Existing floor assemblies deemed to provide at least a 45-min fire-resistance rating are described in the following table:

An analysis of the existing floor assemblies fire separating the kitchen(s) from the storey above are continuous and consist of:

Agree:

Reinforced concrete

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of lath and plaster

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of gypsum board

☐ Yes ☐ No

Where applicable, list the kitchen area(s) that do not have existing floor assemblies described above. *

14.6 Between Rooms Containing Fuel-Fired Appliance And The Remainder Of The Building

[9.9.2.12.] All fuel-fired appliances must be fire separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation having a 1-hr fire-resistance rating, with the exception of

• fuel-fired appliances located within guest suites which only serve the guest suite,

• cooking appliances,

appliances installed on the roof of a noncombustible building,

• fireplaces and space heaters that are not located in an exit or in a corridor serving as an access to exit for guest suites,

• fuel-fired appliances contained in a building that is not more than 2 storeys in building height and not more than 400 m² in building area [for consistency with 1994 OBC 3.5.2.2.(2)(b)]

The building contains fuel-fired appliances in locations other than those described above.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Subsection 14.7. Where there are other fuel-fired appliances present, continue.

Existing wall assemblies deemed to provide at least a 1-hr fire-resistance rating are described in the following table:

An analysis of the existing wall assemblies fire separating the room(s) containing fuel-fired appliance(s) from adjacent rooms are continuous and consist of:

Agree:

Reinforced concrete or masonry

☐ Yes ☐ No

Clay tile with plaster and lath or gypsum board finish on both sides

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of lath and plaster

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of gypsum board

☐ Yes ☐ No

Where applicable, list the areas that do not have existing walls assemblies described above. *

The requirement to fire separate this room(s) also requires the floor assemblies that fire separate the room(s) from the storey above to have the same minimum fire-resistance rating. (Refer to Section 13 to assist in determining this requirement.)

Existing floor assemblies deemed to provide at least a 1-hr fire-resistance rating are described in the following table:

An analysis of the existing floor assemblies fire separating the room(s) from the storey above are continuous and consist of:

Agree:

Reinforced concrete

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of lath and plaster

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of gypsum board

☐ Yes ☐ No

Where applicable, list the room(s) that does not have existing floor assemblies described above. *

NOTE: [9.9.2.12.(4)] The fire separation above the room containing the fuel-fired appliance is a continuous barrier (no holes), and the room is fully sprinklered,

§ with spacing not exceeding 9.5 m² per sprinkler head, or

§ providing a minimum average discharge density of 6.5. L/min/m² over the room area.

Agree: Yes ☐ No

List locations of inadequate fire separations and sprinklering where applicable. *

Required Combustion Air

[9.9.2.12.(5) & (6)] In each instance where the appliance is separated or will be separated in conformance with the requirements specified above, sufficient combustion air must be brought directly from the outside for the safe operation of the appliance. Where it is impractical to provide combustion air directly from the outside as required, an alternative means for the safe operation of the appliance may be approved.

Provide details of compliance or non-compliance. *

14.7 Vertical Service Spaces And The Remainder Of The Building (Excluding Shafts Containing Refuse And Linen Chutes)

Vertical service spaces other than those containing linen or refuse chutes are present in the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Subsection 14.8.

Where ‘Yes’ list their location(s) and describe the vertical service space function. *

[9.9.2.13.] Vertical service spaces are fire separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation having a 45-min fire-resistance rating and do not have any unprotected openings.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Subsection 14.8.

Existing wall assemblies deemed to provide at least a 45-min fire-resistance rating are described in the following table:

An analysis of the existing fire separations enclosing the vertical service spaces from the remainder of the building are continuous and consist of:

Agree:

Reinforced concrete or masonry

☐ Yes ☐ No

Clay tile with plaster and lath or gypsum board finish on both sides

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of lath and plaster

☐ Yes ☐ No

Assemblies with membranes consisting of gypsum board

☐ Yes ☐ No

The existing vertical service space(s) is also deemed to be acceptable provided the vertical service space(s) is sealed including the top and bottom with gypsum board, lath and plaster or other similar noncombustible material that may include, concrete or masonry.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where none of the above vertical service space fire separation arrangements are provided then identify the deficient location(s). *

14.8 Refuse And Linen Chute Facilities And The Remainder Of The Building

The building contains a refuse chute(s) and/or a linen chute(s).

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 15.

Where ‘Yes’, describe the type of chute and location of the chute(s). *

[9.9.2.14.] Where a chute is present:

(a) each chute is enclosed in a vertical service space that is separated from the building with fire separations consisting of masonry, concrete, lath and plaster, or gypsum board, including the top and bottom.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to (clause c).

Where ‘No’ describe deficient location(s). *

(b) as an alternative to (a) above, the chute is in a vertical service space enclosed by a rated assembly having a 1-hr fire-resistance rating.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’ provide details to support this conclusion. *

(c) each chute discharges directly into a room that is enclosed by fire separations consisting of masonry, concrete, lath and plaster, or gypsum board.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to (d).

Where ‘No’ describe deficient location(s). *

(d) as an alternative to (c) above, the discharge room is enclosed by fire separations having a 1-hr fire-resistance rating and constructed as a fire separation.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’ provide details to support this conclusion. *

(e) a sprinkler head with a minimum discharge rate of 66 L/min is located at the top of the chute.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to (g).

(f) as an alternative to (e) above, the chute is sprinklered at the top and at alternate floor levels.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

(g) the room or bin into which the chute discharges is sprinklered.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

(h) where the building is greater than 6 storeys in building height (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐) the chute outlet is protected by an automatic self-latching closure held open by a fusible link. Where applicable, Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

15.0 PROTECTION OF OPENINGS IN REQUIRED FIRE SEPARATIONS

[9.9.2.10.] Openings in required fire separations are required to be protected with suitable closures to limit the spread of fire through the opening from one fire compartment to another.

This section involves identifying openings in required fire separations and identifying the types of closures and hardware that is provided or not provided for the protection of the openings. The regulation specifies closures of a certain quality are required to be provided in the openings.

Closures can consist of a variety of materials. The closures can be permanently mounted in the fire separation and be fixed shut (i.e. wired-glass window, glass blocks, etc.) or they may be capable of being opened or closed when permitted (i.e., door, shutter, fire damper, etc.).

When closed, closures limit the spread of fire by virtue of their physical construction blocking off the opening.

15.1 Determine The Adequacy Of Closures In Required Fire Separations

The table below is provided to assist in identifying the types of closures that may be present in the building. The table also identifies the corresponding fire-protection rating (where applicable) that is assigned to each type of closure.

Column 1 assigns a reference number to each type of closure described in column 2. The assigned reference numbers in Column 1 will be used when completing the next table. Column 3 identifies the fire-protection rating correspondingly assigned to the type of closure described in Column 2.

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Assigned Reference Number

Description of Closure

Fire-Protection Rating assigned

1

Closures that have a permanent label attached identifying their listed fire-protection rating. These can include:

 

1 (a)

20-min

20-min

1 (b)

¾-hr

45-min

1 (c)

1-hr

1-hr

1 (d)

1.5-hr

1.5-hr

1 (e)

2-hr

2-hr

1 (f)

3-hr

3-hr

2

Hollow metal or kalamein doors in hollow metal frames (with openings, if any, protected by wired glass)

1-hr or less

3

Any closures with openings consisting of other materials (i.e. plain glass) or having louvered grills

None

4

Permanently fixed shut wired-glass in steel frames or glass block assemblies

1-hr or less

5

Glazed panels fixed shut or capable of being opened

None

6

1¾ inch (45mm) solid core wood door in solid wood or hollow metal frames

20-min

7

Hollow core wood doors, or doors consisting of recessed wood panels of less than 1¾ inch (45 mm) thick,

None

8

Describe where applicable other types of closures when encountered that are not described above. *

The information provided in the table above will be used to complete the assessment of closures in the locations specified in the table below.

Column 1 in the table below identifies the rooms or areas in the building that are subject to the examination. Where the building does not contain the room(s) specified, indicate that it is not applicable, by checking the box.

Column 2 identifies the fire-protection rating of the closure that is required to protect the opening. Columns 3 and 4 are completed based upon the examination of the existing closure and hardware. Insert, in the space provided, the appropriate information as it is described in the table above.

Where different types of closures are present that are not identified in the table above, identify their locations so that they can be re-examined to determine their degree of compliance or non-compliance.

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Column 4

Column 5

Closures situated in required fire separations between:

Fire-protection rating of closure & hardware required

Type of closure(s) present (insert reference # from column 1 of previous table)

Fire-protection rating assigned (from column 3 of previous table)

Status of compliance

guest suites and other guest suites, and other spaces (but not corridors – see below)

Not Applicable:☐

[9.9.2.8.(1)]

• 20-min (none if floor area is sprinklered)

• self-closer

• latch required if building exceeds 6 storeys in building height

  

Yes ☐ No ☐

Describe non-compliance

corridors (serving guest suites) and other adjoining rooms

Not Applicable:☐

[9.9.2.8.(2)]

• 20-min (none if floor area is sprinklered)

• self-closer

• latch required if building exceeds 6 storeys in building height

  

Yes ☐ No ☐

Describe non-compliance

major occupancies

Not Applicable:☐

[9.9.2.9.]

• 20-min NOTE (1)

• 45-min NOTE (2)

• self-closer

• latch

  

Yes ☐ No ☐

Describe non-compliance

exit stairways and the remainder of the building

Not Applicable:☐

[9.9.3.6.(1)]

• 20-min NOTE (1)

• 45-min NOTE (2)

• self-closer

• latch required if building exceeds 6 storeys in building height

  

Yes ☐ No ☐

Describe non-compliance

laundry room(s) and other areas

Not Applicable:☐

[9.9.2.11.]

• 20-min

• self-closer

• latch

  

Yes ☐ No ☐

Describe non-compliance

storage rooms (exceeding 0.6m² in area) and other areas

Not Applicable:☐

[9.9.2.11.]

• 20-min

• self-closer

• latch

  

Yes ☐ No ☐

Describe non-compliance

maintenance shops and other areas

Not Applicable:☐

[9.9.2.11.]

• 20-min

• self-closer

• latch

  

Yes ☐ No ☐

Describe non-compliance

rooms containing fuel-fired appliances and the remainder of the building [excluding those areas listed in NOTE (4)].

Not Applicable:☐

[9.9.2.12.]

• 45-min

• self-closer

• latch

  

Yes ☐ No ☐

Describe non-compliance

vertical service spaces and other areas

Not Applicable:☐

[9.9.2.13.]

• 20-min NOTE (1)

• 45-min NOTE (2)

• self-closer

• latch

  

Yes ☐ No ☐

Describe non-compliance

linen or refuse chutes and other areas

Not Applicable:☐

[9.9.2.14.]

• 20-min NOTE (1)

• 45-min NOTE (2)

• self-closer

• latch

  

Yes ☐ No ☐

Describe non-compliance

discharge rooms (for linen or refuse chute) and other areas

Not Applicable:☐

[9.9.2.14.]

• 45-min

• self-closer

• latch

  

Yes ☐ No ☐

Describe non-compliance

kitchens NOTE (3) containing commercial cooking equipment and the remainder of the building

Not Applicable:☐

[9.9.2.19.]

• 20-min NOTE (1)

• 45-min NOTE (2)

• self-closer

• latch

  

Yes ☐ No ☐

Describe non-compliance

NOTES:

(1) In buildings < 3 storeys in building height.

(2) In buildings > 3 storeys in building height.

(3) Kitchens required to have a fire separation having a 45 min fire-resistance rating [that are regulated by clause 9.9.2.19.(5) (a) - See Section 38]. In addition to the requirements for closures, an unprotected pass through is permitted where approved measures are provided to limit fire spread.

(4) Excluding fireplaces and space heaters provided the appliance is not located in an exit or in a corridor serving as an access to exit for guest suites.

16.0 PIPES, DUCTS AND PLENUMS SERVING HEATING AND AIR HANDLING SYSTEMS

The building contains a heating system that serves more than one suite and consists of

• a hot water or steam radiant heating system utilizing piping Agree: Yes ☐ No

• or a heating, ventilating or air-conditioning system utilizing ducts, plenums or piping to move air Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ was the response to both statements above this section is not applicable, so proceed to Section 17. Where ‘Yes’ continue.

Piping, ducts and plenums associated with heating, ventilating and air-conditioning can contribute to fire spread, especially where any of the elements are combustible or contain combustible materials. A plenum is a chamber forming part of an air duct system.

This section involves an examination and assessment of all ducts, piping and ceiling spaces used as plenums. This requirement would also involve an examination of a heating system consisting of radiant hot water or steam pipes. The purpose is to identify factors that could increase fire spread involving this equipment.

16.1 Exits, Corridors And Air Handling Systems

[9.9.2.18.] In this building, stairway exit enclosures and/or corridors are not used as a plenum to exhaust air from other areas.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, Describe the location(s) and circumstances. *

[9.9.2.17.(1)] In this building, duct(s) or other part(s) of an air handling system do not breach an exit stairway fire separation.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, describe the location and circumstances. *

[9.9.2.17.(2)] A fire separation around an exit through a lobby (or similar entrance area within an exit stairway) is breached by a duct or other part of an air handling system.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, proceed to Subsection 16.2.

Where ‘Yes’, describe the location(s). *

NOTE: The breach of the fire separation around an exit through a lobby is acceptable if the exit lobby is fire separated from the exit stairway it serves by a fire separation

• having a 45-min fire-resistance rating, or

• of reinforced concrete or masonry construction, or

• consisting of membranes of gypsum board or lath and plaster.

Breach of the fire separation around an exit through a lobby exists and conforms with the above note. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’ the breached fire separation consisting of duct(s) or other parts of an air handling system is permitted. Where ‘No’, describe the circumstances and location. *

16.2 Combustibility Of Pipes, Ducts And Plenums

[9.9.2.16.1.] Pipes, ducts, plenums and other equipment in heating and air handling systems shall be constructed of steel, approved noncombustible material or other approved material.

For example heating or air handling systems constructed of aluminium or drywall could be approved. Pipes, ducts or plenums consisting of wood or plastic would be considered combustible.

This subsection involves an examination of the pipes, ducts and plenums serving all heating and air handling systems to determine what type of material the system consists of. As indicated in the requirement, other types of combustible or noncombustible materials may be approved. In order to obtain approval, information relevant to the circumstances will have to be collected and submitted to the Chief Fire Official for consideration of approval.

The examination of the heating and air handling systems in the building revealed that some elements do not consist of steel. Describe the material(s), their use/function, and identify the corresponding location(s). *

[9.9.2.16.(2)] Insulating materials and adhesives for pipes, ducts, plenums and other components of heating and air handling systems are of noncombustible material or have a flame-spread rating of 25 or less. (Information relating to the flame-spread ratings of certain materials can be found in Section 32 of the guideline.)

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ describe the variance and location. *

[9.9.2.16.(3)] Where an attic space, a crawl space, a corridor ceiling space or any other concealed space is used as a plenum, (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Subsection 16.3.) the concealed space is lined with noncombustible material, or the material has a flame-spread rating of 25 or less.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ or the materials are in question, describe the variance(s) and location(s). *

16.3 Fire Dampers In Ducts

[9.9.2.10.(7) & (8) ] Existing noncombustible ducts that penetrate a required fire separation are exempt from having fire dampers installed where they penetrate a required fire separation. Conversely, this means that fire dampers must be provided in combustible ducts at penetrations of a required fire separation.

In this subsection, determine if all or any portion of the supply or return air ducts are combustible or noncombustible. Also determine if any portions contain combustible materials. (Review the requirements below before conducting the examination.)

NOTE: For the purpose of conducting this portion of the Building Audit, noncombustible would include materials such as steel, galvanized steel and aluminium. Combustible materials would include wood, drywall, plastics, etc.

Upon analysis, it was determined that all ducts are constructed of noncombustible materials.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 17.

Where ‘No’ describe the location(s) of the combustible ducts where they penetrate a required fire separation. *

Where combustible ducts penetrate a required fire separation in a floor or wall assembly, the opening(s) is protected with a fire damper.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ describe the locations where fire dampers are not provided. *

17.0 MEANS OF EGRESS

To assess the adequacy of the means of egress serving each floor area, and rooms and spaces within each floor area, it will be necessary to take some measurements of certain areas of the building and complete some calculations to determine:

• the occupant load of specified areas

• the aggregate width of the required means of egress

• the adequacy of dead end corridors, access to exits and other egress facilities

• the number of exits and exit widths required, and

• the travel distance to an egress doorway

In addition, it will be necessary to determine the adequacy of:

• the fire separations of exit stairways

• exterior stairways and fire escapes

• door swing arrangements and door hardware

• emergency access to floor areas

• signs, lighting and emergency lighting for specified means of egress, and

• interior finish of materials on walls and ceilings of exits and access to exits

In this section the person completing the Building Audit guideline must understand the special meanings assigned to the following words and phrases prior to proceeding:

access to exit

assembly occupancy

contained use area

impeded egress zone

exit

means of egress

occupancy

occupant load

partition

18.0 DETERMINING OCCUPANT LOADS

The building is

• one storey in building height,

• does not contain an assembly occupancy

• and each guest suite has direct access through a door to the exterior of the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 26. Where ‘No’ continue.

It is necessary to determine the occupant load of each floor area (includes mezzanines, tiers, balconies, podiums, terraces, platforms, contained open spaces or other areas intended for occupancy) and each individual space containing an assembly occupancy.

The occupant load of a floor area may vary in circumstances where it is used for different occupancies at different times. For example, an assembly occupancy could be used for meetings with tables and chairs during the day and be used in the evening for a wedding reception. In situations of this nature, each different use of a room or space should be declared and corresponding occupant loads determined and documented.

Once the maximum occupant load for each floor area and in particular individual space(s) containing an assembly occupancy has been determined, the occupant load figures are used to determine if the number and aggregate width of access to exits and exits are sufficient.

[9.9.3.1.(1)] The occupant load is to be determined in accordance with Subsection 3.1.16 of the 1994 Building Code.

Subsection 3.1.16. of the 1994 Building Code has been reproduced below for ease of reference and for Building Audit assessment purposes.

[3.1.16.1.(1) OBC] The occupant load of a floor area or part of a floor area, or of a building or part of a building not having a floor area, shall be based on

(a) the number of seats in an assembly occupancy having fixed seats,

(b) 2 persons per sleeping room or sleeping area in a dwelling unit or suite, and

(c) the number of persons

(i)  for which the area is designed, or

(ii) determined from Table 3.1.16.A. for occupancies other than those described in Clauses (a) and (b).

Table 3.1.16.A.

Forming Part of Article 3.1.16.1.

Column 1

2

Type of Use of Building or Floor Area or Part Thereof

Area per Person, m2

Assembly uses

 

space with fixed seats

See Clause (1)(a)

space with non-fixed seats

0.75

stages for theatrical performances

0.75

space with non-fixed seats and tables

0.95

standing space

0.40

bowling alleys, pool and billiard rooms

9.30

reading or writing rooms or lounges

1.85

dining, alcoholic beverage and cafeteria space

1.10

exhibition halls other than those classified in Group E

2.80

Residential uses

 

dwelling units

See Clause (1)(b)

Business and personal services uses

 

personal service shops

4.60

Offices

9.30

Mercantile uses

 

basements and first storeys

3.70

second storeys having a principal entrance from a pedestrian thoroughfare or a parking area

3.70

dining, alcoholic beverage and cafeteria space

1.10

other storeys

5.60

Other uses

 

cleaning and repair of goods

4.60

Kitchens

9.30

Storage

46.00

[3.1.16.1.(2) OBC] Where a floor area or part thereof has been designed for an occupant load other than that determined from Table 3.1.16.A., a permanent sign indicating that occupant load shall be posted in a conspicuous location.

[3.1.16.1.(3) OBC] For the purposes of this Article, mezzanines, tiers and balconies shall be regarded as part of the floor area.

[3.1.16.1.(4) OBC] Where a room or group of rooms is intended for 2 or more occupancies at different times, the value to be used from Table 3.1.16.A. shall be the value which gives the greatest number of persons for the occupancies concerned.

[3.1.16.1.(5) OBC] In dining, alcoholic beverage and cafeteria space, the maximum occupant load shall be designed by using an area per person of 0.6 m2.

[3.1.16.2. OBC] The occupant load of a room in which a dance floor is situated shall be calculated in respect of that portion of the room that is not occupied by the dance floor.

[3.1.16.3.(1) OBC] (Where the building does not contain an indoor swimming pool proceed to Subsection 18.1.)The occupant load of a public pool, except a wave action pool, shall be determined by the following formula:

occupant load = D/2.5 + S/1.4

where D = the water surface area in square metres of the part of the pool that is deeper than 1.35 m; and

where S = the water surface area in square metres of the part of the pool that is 1.35 m in depth or less.

The occupant load of a wave action pool shall be determined by the following formula:

occupant load = D/2.5 + S/1.1

where D = the water surface area in square metres of the part of the pool where the still water depth is greater than 1 m; and

where S = the water surface area in square metres of the part of the pool where the still water depth is 1 m or less.

18.1 Calculating Occupant Load Based Upon Floor Area

Utilizing the instructions outlined above, determine the occupant load for each floor area, and assembly occupancy.

The Table below will be helpful to document the occupant load calculations determined for each floor area, room or other space of assembly occupancy. In Column 1 identify and list each storey and each space of assembly occupancy that is situated in each storey of the building. In Column 2, display the method used for determining the occupant load(s) and include any calculations and provide the final occupant load figure.

Table 18.1

Column 1

Column 2

Description of

q the storey

q the room or space of public assembly

Description of method used to determine occupant load and include any occupant load calculations

1. The formula for calculating occupant load for an occupancy is listed in Table 3.1.16.A. Divide the room area ( m²) by the area allotted per person determined from Table 3.1.16.A for the occupancy use under consideration.

2. 2 persons per sleeping room or sleeping area in a dwelling unit or suite, or

3. The number of persons for which the area was originally designed (previously determined by the building designer – Architect or Professional Engineer).

Example: 1st floor

Guest suites

85 m² Restaurant

Example:

• 44 guest suites x 2 persons/suite = 88 people

• Restaurant: 85 m² ÷ 1.10 m² per person = 77 people

Therefore the 1st floor total occupant load = 165

  
  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link to Appendix E Table Template 18.1 containing an expanded version of the table (with additional rows).

19.0 DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF EXITS REQUIRED

The number of exits that are required to serve a floor area is determined by the use of the floor area or portion there of, the height of the building and in some instances other criteria that will be identified in the audit guideline.

Exit means that part of a means of egress, including doorways, that leads from the floor area it serves to a separate building, an open public thoroughfare or an exterior open space protected from fire exposure from the building and having access to an open public thoroughfare.

19.1 Building 4 Or More Storeys In Building Height

[9.9.3.3.(2)] The building is 4 storeys or more in building height.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 19.2. Where ‘Yes’ continue.

Each floor area (storey) including the basement is served by at least two exits.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’, list those floor areas (storeys) that are not served by 2 exits. *

Proceed to Section 19.3.

19.2 Building 3 Storeys Or Less In Building Height

[9.9.3.3.(1)] Two exits are required from a floor area in any building up to 3 storeys in building height where any of the following circumstances apply.

• Each floor area intended for an assembly occupancy containing an occupant load of more than 60 people (Applicable:  Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to next point.) is served with at least 2 exits. Agree:  Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, list the floor area(s) that are not served by at least 2 exits. *

• Each floor area intended for assembly occupancy having a distance of travel exceeding 15 m, from any point in the space to an exit (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to next point) is served by at least 2 exits. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, list the floor area(s) that are not served by at least 2 exits. *

• Each floor area intended for storage that exceeds 200 m² (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to next point.) is served by at least 2 exits. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, list those floor areas that are not served by at least 2 exits. *

• Each floor area intended for storage, that is not more than 200 m², but has a distance of travel from any point in the space to an exit in excess of 23 m

(Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to next point.) is served by at least 2 exits. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, list the floor area(s) that are not served by at least 2 exits. *

• Each basement exceeding 200 m² in area (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to next point.) is served by at least 2 exits. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, list the floor area(s) that are not served by at least 2 exits. *

• Each basement containing areas that are accessible to the public

(Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐) is served by at least 2 exits. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, list those floor areas that are not served by at least 2 exits. *

• Each floor area intended for a use other than that described above having an area exceeding 100 m² in area (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to next point.) is served by at least 2 exits. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, list those floor areas that are not served by at least 2 exits. *

Each floor area intended for a use other than that described above having an occupant load exceeding 60 people (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to the next statement.) is served by at least 2 exits. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, list those floor areas that are not served by at least 2 exits. *

[9.9.3.3.(4)] The third storey is used as the residence for the hotel owner or manager and is served by at least one exit. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

SUMMARY NOTE: Except as provided above,

• the third storey is required to be served by two exits, and

• a single exit is permitted to serve a basement, first and second storey.

19.3 Minimum Distance Between Exits

In this subsection, it will be determined if the exits serving each floor area are adequately separated from each other so that the occupants’ ability to escape is improved should one of the exits be obstructed by fire. Three options are available to comply with this objective.

[9.9.3.3.(5) and (6)] In every floor area where 2 exits are required,

• (Option 1) The minimum distance between exits is not less than 9 m.

• (Option 2) The minimum distance between exits is not less than half the maximum diagonal dimension of the floor area.

• (Option 3) There is no minimum distance between exits if the floor area is subdivided by a fire separation having a 45-min fire-resistance rating so that it is necessary to pass through the fire separation to travel from one exit to another.

Exits are separated in every floor area by one or more of the options listed above.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list those floor areas that do not conform. *

20.0 MINIMUM WIDTH REQUIRED FOR EACH MEANS OF EGRESS AND EXIT

[9.9.3.4. & 9.9.3.2.(11)] The minimum clear width of each required means of egress and exit is not less than

• 1100 mm for each corridor.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Identify and list the corridor(s) that are not at least 1100 mm wide. *

• 900 mm for each stairway (including exterior exit stairways and fire escapes when serving more than 3 storeys or more than 15 persons)

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Identify and list the stairways that are not at least 900 mm wide. *

• 550 mm for fire escapes when serving not more than 3 storeys and not more than 15 persons. Not applicable:

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Identify and list the fire escape(s) that are not at least 550 mm wide. *

• 750 mm for each doorway, ramp and all other areas.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Identify and list the doorway(s), ramps and all other means of egress that are not at least 750 mm wide. *

20.1 Rooms And Other Spaces Requiring Two Or More Egress Doorways

A single means of egress from many rooms or areas within a building is often recognized as being adequate. However, in other instances two or more means of egress may be required to serve the occupants as a means of escape in event of fire.

This subsection will determine if specified rooms or spaces have adequate means of egress so that the occupants can escape even if one of the means of egress is obstructed by fire.

Review the following. Then complete your analysis using the table provided.

[9.9.3.2.(6)] Every room containing an assembly occupancy shall be provided with at least

• three independent well-separated egress doorways, where its occupant load is 600 persons or more, and

• four independent well-separated egress doorways where its occupant load is 1000 persons or more.

[9.9.3.2.(5)] Except for certain spaces intended for storage and assembly occupancy as listed in the table below, every room, guest suite, podium, terrace, platform, contained open space or other area intended for occupancy that exceeds 100 m² in area shall be provided with two egress doorways placed in such a manner that one doorway could provide egress from the room or area if the other doorway becomes inaccessible to the occupants due to a fire which might originate in the room or area.

Using the following table, document whether the areas, as applicable, comply or not.

Occupancy

Travel Distance to Egress Door

Occupant Load

Room Area

Two Egress Doors Provided (Agree)

Assembly occupancies

Applicable:

Yes ☐ No ☐

 

60 - 599 persons

Applicable:

Yes ☐ No ☐

 

Two egress doorways provided

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

> 15 m

Applicable:

Yes ☐ No ☐

  

Two egress doorways provided

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

N/A

600 – 999 persons

Applicable:

Yes ☐ No ☐

 

Three egress doorways provided

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

N/A

> 999 persons

Applicable:

Yes ☐ No ☐

 

Four egress doorways provided

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Storage occupancies

Applicable:

Yes ☐ No ☐

> 23 m

Applicable:

Yes ☐ No ☐

  

Yes ☐ No ☐

  

> 200 m²

Applicable:

Yes ☐ No ☐

Yes ☐ No ☐

Other rooms and spaces

Applicable:

Yes ☐ No ☐

  

> 100 m²

Applicable:

Yes ☐ No ☐

Yes ☐ No ☐

 

> 60 persons

Applicable:

Yes ☐ No ☐

 

Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ has been identified in the table above, describe/list each area(s) lacking adequate means of egress. *

21.0 DETERMINE THE SUITABILITY OF DEAD END CORRIDORS

In this section, it is necessary to identify dead end corridors that provide an access to exit for room(s) or other space(s). This section does not apply to dead end corridors serving rooms and spaces within a suite. A dead end corridor provides only one direction of egress travel to an exit. In some instances a dead end corridor is an acceptable access to exit, while in other instances it is not.

[9.9.3.2.(2)] The building contains one or more dead end corridors that are not within a suite.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, proceed to Section 22.

Where ‘Yes’, identify, describe/list dead end corridor(s). *

21.1 A Dead End Corridor(s) Not Permitted

In consideration of the dead end corridor(s) listed above, a dead end corridor is not permitted to serve:

• an area containing an assembly occupancy and its occupant load is greater than 20 persons, Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

• an area that is intended for storage and exceeds 200 m², Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

• an area that is intended for another use other than that described in the two points above and exceeds 100 m² in area or has an occupant load greater than 24 persons. Applicable:  Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’ is the response to one or more of the 3 points listed above, identify, describe/list the location(s) and circumstance(s). *

21.2 Dead End Corridors Permitted

The building contains dead end corridors serving other rooms or areas of the building that are not listed in Section 21.1. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 22.

Where applicable, each dead end corridor is not longer than 6m plus the width of the corridor. Agree:  Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’, identify, describe/list the dead end corridor location(s) and corresponding length(s). *

22.0 REQUIREMENTS FOR ACCESS TO EXITS

It is important that occupants have proper egress routes to ensure that they can safely evacuate from the building to a safe location in an emergency.

[9.9.3.2.(1)] Each room, guest suite, podium, terrace, platform, contained open space or other area intended for occupancy has egress facilities leading directly to

• a public thoroughfare, (i.e., public street or sidewalk)

• an approved open space that has access to a public thoroughfare, or

• a corridor where it is possible to go in opposite directions to separate exit facilities

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ identify, describe/list the rooms/spaces that do not have any one of the 3 egress features listed. *

22.1 Access To Exits Through An Adjacent Assembly Occupancy

The building contains one or more rooms or floor areas used for assembly occupancy.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Subsection 22.2.

[9.9.3.2.(7)] One or more spaces of assembly occupancy have egress through an adjacent assembly occupancy.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Subsection 22.2.

Where ‘Yes’, identify, describe/ list the space(s). *

The dividing walls or partitions between the spaces of assembly occupancy referred to above do not exceed 1.35 m in height.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list the locations where the walls or partitions exceed 1.35 m. *

[9.9.3.2.(7)] Each assembly occupancy with egress through an adjacent assembly occupancy, has at least one independent egress doorway that leads directly to:

• a public thoroughfare, (i.e., public street or sidewalk) or

• a corridor where it is possible to go in opposite directions to separate exit facilities. (NOTE: A dead end corridor is permitted where the occupant load of the assembly occupancy does not exceed 20 persons.)

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’ is the response in all instances above, proceed to Subsection 22.2.

Where ‘No’ is the response in any instance above, identify, list the location(s) that do not conform. *

NOTE: An open space that has access to a public thoroughfare may be approved.

22.2 Guest Suite Egress Arrangements

This section examines the means of egress provided for guest suites.

[9.9.3.2.(1)(c)] Each guest suite has an egress facility leading directly to a corridor where it is possible to go in opposite directions to separate exits.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 23.

[9.9.3.2.(4)] One or more guest suites has a doorway opening onto

• an exit stairway Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

• a fire escape Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

• a corridor served by a single exit Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

• an exterior passageway served by a single exit stairway Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

and, each of the guest suites has access to a second exit, unless the floor area is permitted to be served by only one exit (Refer to Subsection 19.2)

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 23.

Where ‘No’, list the guest suite(s) that does not have access to a second exit under the conditions stated above. *

23.0 OCCUPANT LOAD RESTRICTIONS RESULTING FROM LIMITED MEANS OF EGRESS WIDTHS AVAILABLE

The building is

• one storey in building height,

• does not contain an assembly occupancy,

• and each guest suite has a door that directly exits to the exterior of the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply, so proceed to Section 26. Where ‘No’ continue.

The width of the means of egress available from a room impacts on the number people that can promptly evacuate in an emergency. Similarly, the type of egress facility provided also impacts on how quickly people can leave. For example, negotiating stairs takes longer than it does to walk down a corridor or ramp with a limited gradient.

For these reasons the type of means of egress provided and the aggregate width of the means of egress available impacts to a degree on the occupant load permitted within that room or floor area. For egress design purposes, the Fire Code utilizes a factor of 6.1 mm per person for ramps with a gradient of not more than 1 in 8, and for doorways, corridors and passageways. For ramps with a gradient of more than 1 in 8 and for stairs, the factor of 9.2 mm per person is used.

In Section 18 the occupant load had been determined for each floor area and portion of a floor area using other criteria. The occupant loads as determined in Section 18 may have to be reduced where the provided aggregate widths of the means of egress will not accommodate those occupant loads.

23.1 Determine The Aggregate Widths Of The Means Of Egress Available

[9.9.3.2.(9)] Determine the occupant load for each floor area and room in the building based upon the existing aggregate widths provided by the means of egress serving each floor area and space, as applicable.

To do this, it is necessary to identify and measure each existing means of egress that serves each floor area or space of assembly occupancy within a floor area.

NOTE: Corridor widths less than 1100 mm, stair widths less than 900 mm and doorway widths less than 750 mm must be disregarded and cannot contribute to the sum of the aggregate width available. [9.9.3.2.(11)]

Example: A room of assembly occupancy has three doors serving as its means of egress. Two of the doors have a clear opening each of 90cm (900mm) when fully opened. The third door has a clear opening of 75 cm (750 mm). The aggregate width available is determined by adding 900 + 900 + 750 = 2550 mm.

To assist in documenting observations and conclusions, use the table provided below or refer to Appendix E, Table 23.1 for an expanded version of the table (containing more rows).

Measure the means of egress serving each space under consideration. List in Column 1 the floor areas and rooms previously analysed in Section 18 for calculating occupant load. List in Column 2 the occupant load(s) calculated for each corresponding space. Column 3 is used to list the type(s) of means of egress and corresponding aggregate widths available for each floor area, room or space with an assembly occupancy (see Columns 1 and 2). Calculate the sum of aggregate widths available for each corresponding space and provide it in Column 3.

(The purpose of Column 4 will be explained in Subsection 23.2.)

Table 23.1

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Column 4

Floor area, room or space description (Section 18)

Occupant load of room or space or floor area

(Section 16)

Provided egress and associated aggregate widths

(Types, Widths, and Sums)

• stairs

• ramps with gradient > 1 in 8

• doorways

• corridors

• passageways

• ramps with gradient ≤ 1 in 8

Permissible occupant load based upon widths of means of egress available

• stair

• ramp with gradient

> 1 in 8 = 9.2 mm /person

• doorway

• corridor

• passageway

• ramp with gradient ≤ 1 in 8 = 6.1 mm /person

    
    
    

Link to Appendix E Table template 23.1 containing an expanded version of the table (with additional rows).

23.2 Determine The Maximum Occupant Load Based Upon The Most Restrictive Aggregate Means Of Egress Available

Once the sum(s) of the aggregate width of the means of egress has been determined, it is now necessary to calculate the occupant load based upon the most restrictive means of egress available for each area.

Example: A floor area is served by two exit stairways. Each doorway opening entering the stairway has an opening of 900 mm. Each stairway is 1250 mm wide.

• The doorways can serve 295 people (1800 ÷ 6.1 = 295 people)

• The stairways can only accommodate 271 people (2500 ÷ 9.2 = 271 people).

Therefore, in the example above, the aggregate width of the stairs is the most restrictive means of egress based upon the occupant load that can be accommodated. As a result, the occupant load of the room determined by the means of egress available is a maximum of 271 persons.

In Column 4 of the table above in Section 23.1 provide the occupant load as determined in this manner and the corresponding calculations.

24.0 ADDITIONAL OCCUPANT LOAD RESTRICTIONS IN FLOOR AREAS AND ROOMS OF ASSEMBLY OCCUPANCY REQUIRING TWO OR MORE EGRESS DOORWAYS

The building is

• one storey in building height,

• does not contain an assembly occupancy

• and each guest suite has a door that directly exits to the exterior of the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply, so proceed to Section 26. Where ‘No’ continue.

Rooms and other spaces requiring two or more egress doors were previously identified in Section 20.1. Based upon the information previously gathered, the building contains a room(s) or other space(s) requiring two or more egress doors.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, proceed to Section 25.

[9.9.3.2.(10)] For each space or floor area required to have two or more independent egress doorways or other openings, it is necessary to determine if a sufficient aggregate width of egress is provided so that the egress capacity is not reduced by more than half if any one doorway or opening is inaccessible in an emergency. This effectively means that no single doorway or other egress opening can be given credit for more than 50% of the egress capacity from these spaces or floor areas.

To make this determination, identify each room or space and its corresponding occupant load. List the widths of each egress doorway or other egress opening available for the area under consideration. Remember to consider the difference in egress capacity resulting from different types of egress facilities. Refer to the three examples below as a guide to assist in completing this assessment(s).

Examples:

1. Banquet Hall A is served by four sets of double doorway openings each 1800 mm wide. Conclusion: In this situation it is obvious that each of the egress doorway openings is of equal capacity. For this reason if any one of the doorway openings became inaccessible, the egress capacity would only be reduced by approximately one quarter of the egress available.

2. The Green Meeting Room is served by two egress openings. One egress opening involves stairs that are 1800 mm wide (1800 ÷ 9.2 = 195 people), the second egress opening is 2200 mm wide leading into a corridor (2200 ÷ 6.1 = 360 people). Conclusion: In this instance, should the second egress opening leading into the corridor become inaccessible, the egress capacity would be reduced by more than one half (50%) of the egress available. Therefore the occupant load of the Green Room would have to be restricted to a maximum of 390 persons (195 X 2= 390) to ensure that the 2200 mm wide opening is not credited with an egress capacity of more than 195 persons.

3. Banquet Hall B is served by 4 independent egress doorway openings. One opening is 750 mm wide (750 ÷ 6.1 = 123 people), the 2nd and 3rd doorway openings are each 900 mm wide (1800 ÷ 6.1 = 295 people), the 4th opening is 4000 mm wide (4000 ÷ 6.1 = 655 people). In this instance, should the fourth egress opening become inaccessible, the egress capacity would be reduced by more than one half (50%) of the egress available. For this reason the 4th opening may only be credited with half (418) of the total occupant load determined by the aggregate means of egress available. Therefore, the occupant load of Banquet Hall B would have to be restricted to a maximum of 836 people (418 X 2 = 836)

The table below is provided to assist in documenting the circumstances and conclusions of the analysis for each area where two or more means of egress are required from a floor area or other space within a floor area.

Table 24.0

Room

Analysis and Conclusions

(Refer to examples above)

  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  

Link to Appendix E Table 24.0 containing an expanded version of the table (with additional rows).

25.0 REQUIREMENTS FOR TRAVEL DISTANCE TO AN EXIT

The building is

• one storey in building height,

• does not contain an assembly occupancy

• and each guest suite has a door that directly exits to the exterior of the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply, so proceed to Section 26. Where ‘No’ continue.

Review and understand the meaning of travel distance. Taking into account the meaning of the term, it will be necessary to measure the travel distances in each floor area. The requirements for maximum travel distance can vary depending upon certain factors. These factors include:

• [9.9.3.5.(1)(b) & (c)] In each sprinklered floor area and a basement that is not accessible to the public, the travel distance to at least one exit must not exceed 45 m.

• [9.9.3.5.(1)(a)] In each floor area that is not sprinklered (other than a basement that is not accessible to the public) the travel distance to at least one exit must not exceed 30 m.

In consideration of the above requirements complete the following table. (Each row is to be completed where the conditions listed are applicable.)

Conditions

Maximum travel distance to closest exit

Agree

Provide details of locations where travel distance to closest exit exceeds that permitted

Sprinklered floor areas

Not applicable ☐

45 m

Yes ☐ No ☐

 

Non-sprinklered floor areas

Not applicable ☐

30 m

Yes ☐ No ☐

 

Basement without access to the public

Not applicable ☐

45 m

Yes ☐ No ☐

 

26.0 DETERMINE THE ADEQUACY OF EXIT STAIRWAY FIRE SEPARATIONS

The building is only one storey in building height and does not have a basement.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’, proceed to Section 28. If ‘No’, continue.

In multi-storey buildings including one storey buildings with a basement, interior fire separated exit stairways provide protection from fire for occupants’ use to evacuate the building during a fire emergency. Occupant protection is provided by the fire separations and closures that are used to enclose the stairs, permitting the occupants from a floor area not involved in the fire to be sheltered from the floor area containing the fire as they escape.

A building may contain one or more interior stairways that are provided for convenience purposes and not provided as a required exit. Convenience stairways may not have the life safety features of a required exit stairway and therefore cannot be treated as such. This section is not intended to apply to an interior convenience stairway. Describe the location of any convenience stairway(s) that is provided in the building. *

Required exit stairway(s) must conform to the following.

[9.9.3.6.(1) & (2)] Each required exit stairway must be fire separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation having a 45-min fire-resistance rating. Each exit stairway must lead directly to a public thoroughfare or to an approved open space from inside of the stairway enclosure.

The regulation does however permit one exit stairway to lead through a lobby provided certain conditions are met. These conditions will be addressed in Subsection 26.2.

In this section, it is necessary to examine the walls, floor and ceiling assemblies that fire separate each required exit stairway from the remainder of the building. Section 13 and Section 14 contain useful information on the subject of fire separations that will be helpful in completing this section.

Using the table below to document your observations, list by location or other identifier each required exit stairway in the building and describe the corresponding fire separations that enclose the stairway. In addition, list any unprotected openings that have been identified, where applicable.

Table 26.0

Exit stairway location

Describe the types of walls fire separating the exit stairway

(see Section 14)

Floor/Ceiling Type above or below stairway

NOTE (1)

(See Section 13)

Compliance

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

Link to Appendix E Table template 26.0 containing an expanded version of the table (with additional rows).

NOTE:

(1) It is necessary to examine the adequacy of the fire separations in these areas only where the exit stairway has a building space above or below it.

26.1 Adequacy Of Closures In Exit Stairway Fire Separations

Requirements for closures provided in openings in exit stairway fire separations has been previously determined in Section 15. Refer to the table in Section 15 to determine the adequacy of closures accessing exit stairways.

26.2 Exit Through A Lobby

One or more exit stairways lead through a lobby (i.e. exit stairway does not have direct exit to the exterior).

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 27. Where ‘Yes’ continue.

Describe the circumstances and location(s) of the exit stairways that lead through a lobby. *

Where only one exit stairway leads through a lobby:

• the path of travel through the lobby, from the exit stairway to the outdoors (at ground level) is not more than 15 m.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• a fire separation having a 45-min fire-resistance rating is provided between the lobby and the exit stairway. (Note that the stairway door would require a self-closer.)

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• the lobby is not located within an interconnected floor space.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ (An interconnected floor space means two or more storeys that are connected by unprotected openings in the floor assemblies that are normally required to be fire separations. For example, an interconnected floor space could include such building features as an open stairway, escalator or moving walks. Other larger penetrations of floor assemblies provided for aesthetic or other functional purposes are also possibilities. It is not intended that a mezzanine, or floor assemblies in a storage garage or open air parking be considered as an interconnected floor space.)

• from the interior of the exit stairway that leads through the lobby, there is an unobstructed path of travel to an alternate exit (not leading through the lobby) such that

• it is not necessary to travel up or down more than one storey to reach the alternate exit by means of a protected access to exit,

or

• the alternate path of travel is entirely within the same storey as the lobby, but is separated from the lobby by a fire separation having not less than a 45-min fire-resistance rating,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• provisions are made to direct occupants to the alternate exit described above in the event of a fire condition in the lobby (i.e. alternate exiting instructions posted in the exit stairway).

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ (NOTE: These provisions will have to be Approved.)

• the lobby is permitted to contain an occupancy (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐) provided the required egress width is maintained and clearly delineated.

Agree (where applicable): Yes☐ No ☐

NOTE: The lobby is permitted to contain a fireplace or a space heater.

Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

The exit stairway and lobby arrangement complies in all respects to the provisions outlined above.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 27. Where ‘No’ continue.

26.3 Alternative Provisions Permitting An Exit To Lead Through A Lobby

[9.9.3.6.(6)] Regardless of the provisions listed in Subsection 26.2, one exit is permitted to lead through a lobby provided the lobby exit arrangement complies with Article 3.4.4.2. or 9.9.8.5. of the 1994 Building Code.

The1994 Building Code requirements referred to above have been reproduced in a synopsis below for ease of reference and audit assessment purposes.

One exit is permitted to lead through a lobby provided:

• the lobby floor is not more than 4.5 m above grade,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• the path of travel through the lobby to the outdoors is not more than 15 m,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• the adjacent rooms or premises having direct access to the lobby do not contain a Group C or F occupancy,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• the lobby is not located within an interconnected floor space.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ (An interconnected floor space means two or more storeys that are connected by unprotected openings in the floor assemblies that are normally required to be fire separations. For example, an interconnected floor space could include such building features as an open stairway, escalator or moving walks. Other larger penetrations of floor assemblies provided for aesthetic or other functional purposes are also possibilities. It is not intended that a mezzanine, or floor assemblies in a storage garage or open air parking be considered as an interconnected floor space.) the lobby conforms to the requirements for exits, except that

service rooms and storage rooms do not open onto the lobby,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• the fire separation between the lobby and a room used for the sole purpose of control and supervision of the building need not have a fire-resistance rating, and Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

• the lobby and adjacent occupancies are sprinklered

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• Where the lobby and adjacent occupancies are not sprinklered the fire separation between the lobby and adjacent occupancies has a 45-min fire-resistance rating.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• a fire separation is provided and maintained between the exit stairway and the lobby.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

27.0 EXTERIOR STAIRWAYS AND FIRE ESCAPES

The building is only one storey in building height and does not have a basement.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐. Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply. Proceed to Section 28. Where ‘No’ continue.

Exterior exits and means of egress are just as important for the safe escape of occupants in event of fire as are interior fire separated exit stairways. For this reason these means of egress are also required to adhere to minimum acceptable standards.

The building has an exterior

exit stairway(s) Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• fire escape(s) Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• passageway(s) Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ applies in all instances this section does not apply, therefore proceed to Section 28.

27.1 General Requirements For Exterior Stairways And Fire Escapes

[9.9.3.7.(1)] Exterior exit stairways and fire escapes do not serve floor areas above the sixth floor.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, describe the number of storeys served. *

[9.9.3.7.(2)] Each fire escape used as an exit and each exterior exit stairway is required to be in conformance with Articles 3.4.7.2., 3.4.7.3., 3.4.7.5. and 3.4.7.6. of the 1994 Building Code. For ease of reference these requirements have been reproduced below.

• [3.4.7.2.OBC] The fire escape is of metal or concrete.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• Wooden fire escapes are permitted on a building of combustible construction (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐) if all posts and brackets are at least 89 mm in least dimension and all other woodwork is at least 38 mm in its least dimension.

Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ describe the variance from compliance. *

• The fire escape is of the stair type extending to ground level,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ describe the variance from compliance. *

• The fire escape is constructed throughout in a strong substantial manner and securely fixed to the building

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ describe the variance from compliance. *

• [3.4.7.3.OBC] Access to the fire escape is from corridors through doors at floor level,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, describe the variance from compliance. *

• [3.4.7.3.OBC] Where doors open onto fire escape balconies, such balconies have a clear area of not less than 1.0 m².

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, describe the variance from compliance. *

• [3.4.7.5.OBC] Stairs are inclined at an angle of not more than 45° with the horizontal, and have risers of not more than 210 mm in height and treads of not less than 220 mm in width exclusive of nosing.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, describe the variances from compliance. *

• [3.4.7.5.OBC] Stairway headroom is not less than 1950 mm plus the height of 1 riser measured vertically above the nosing of any tread or platform.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, describe the variances from compliance. *

• [3.4.7.5.OBC] The width of the fire escape provides sufficient aggregate width necessary to accommodate its’ share of the occupant load.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐, except that the fire escape may be reduced to at least 550 mm when serving

• not more than 3 storeys, and

• not more than 15 persons. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• [3.4.7.5.OBC] Where the flight of stairs leading to the ground at the foot of a fire escape is not fixed in position (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐,) it is held in the ‘up’ position without a latch or locking device, and fitted with a counterbalancing device that permits it to be easily and quickly brought into position for use.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ describe the variance from compliance. *

• [3.4.7.6.OBC] The open sides of every platform, balcony and stairway are protected by guards at least 920 mm in height measured vertically above the nosing of any tread or platform.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, describe the variance from compliance. *

• [3.4.7.6.OBC] As a minimum, two equally spaced rails not more than 460 mm apart, are provided parallel to stair stringers and to platform edges.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, describe the variance from compliance. *

Note that the top rail of the guard may serve as a handrail if free from obstructions that could break a handhold.

§ The top rail of the guard serves as a handrail. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

§ The handrail is free from obstructions that could break a handhold.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, describe the variance from compliance. *

• [3.4.7.6.OBC] A wall handrail is installed where the fire escape is more than 550 mm in width. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐

NOTE: Alternatives or existing circumstances may be approved.

27.2 Protection Against Fire Exposure From The Building

[9.9.3.7.(3)] An exterior fire escape, an exterior exit stairway, or an exterior exit passageway serves a storey or storeys above the second storey (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐), or any basement below the first basement (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐), Where ‘No’ applies in both instances proceed to Subsection 27.3. If ‘Yes’ applies in at least one instance, continue.

Windows, doorways or other openings are located

• horizontally within 3 m of the stairway, fire escape or exterior passageway (Applicable:  Yes ☐ No ☐),

• or within 3 storeys or 10 m below it (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐),

• or within 1.8 m above it (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐).

Where ‘No’ is the response to each of the three points above, proceed to Subsection 27.3.

Where ‘Yes’, all such openings as applicable are protected against fire exposure from the building by having:

• windows protected by wired glass in fixed steel frames, (except for a first storey display window) Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ list or describe the locations. *

• doorways and other openings protected by closures having a 45-min fire-protection rating (or equivalent – refer to the table in Subsection 15.1) Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ list or describe the locations. *

[9.9.3.7.(6)] Windows and doorways that expose an exterior passageway do not require protection where:

• 50% or more of the exterior side of the exterior passageway is open to the outdoors (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐), and

• the exterior passageway floor assembly has a fire-resistance rating of not less than 45-min or is of noncombustible construction (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐), and

• an exit stairway is provided at each end of the passageway (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐).

NOTE: Alternatives or existing circumstance may be approved.

27.3 Exterior Exit Stairways With Walkways Leading Across A Roof

An exterior walkway leads across a roof as part of a fire escape.

Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 27.4. If ‘Yes’ continue.

[9.9.3.7.(4)] Each exterior walkway is provided with handrails on both sides of the walkway leading to the stairway at the edge of the roof.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

NOTE: Alternatives or existing may be approved.

27.4 Exterior Exit Stairways Or Fire Escapes Below Grade

There is at least one exterior exit stairway or fire escape that serves a floor area below grade.

Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 28.

Where ‘Yes’, list the location(s) of the exterior exit stairway(s) or fire escape that serves a floor area below grade. *

[9.9.3.7.(5)] Exterior exit stairways must be protected from the weather by conforming to one of the options listed below.

(Option 1) Is enclosed by side walls and a roof, with a door to ground level at the upper landing.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

(Option 2) Is provided with a roof projecting horizontally for a distance of at least 1.8 m beyond any step or landing.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

(Option 3) Is provided with some other construction or device to prevent snow from accumulating in the stairway or fire escape.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

28.0 DOORS IN ACCESS TO EXITS AND EXIT DOORS

This section involves an assessment of the access to exits and exit doors to determine if the doors are suitable for the prompt use of occupants to escape in an emergency.

Article 9.9.3.8. requires that each exit door and door providing access to exit shall be in conformance with Subsection 2.7.2. of the Fire Code.

For ease of reference and assessment purposes statements have been compiled below to reflect the intent and requirements of Subsection 2.7.2.

[2.7.2.1.(1)] Every exit door is installed so that, when the latch is released, the door will open in the direction of exit travel without significant resistance (under a force of not more than 90 N or 20 lb), when applied at the knob or other latch releasing device.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list those exit doors that do not conform where applicable. *

NOTE: This requirement does not apply if the existing door is approved and it does not endanger life safety or is modified to provide life safety.

[2.7.2.1.(2)] Door hardware will release the latch and allow the door to open in the direction of exit travel without significant resistance (under a force of not more than 90 N or 20 lb) when force is applied to the hardware in the following circumstances, where applicable:

• every door in an access to exit from a room or suite of Group ‘A’ occupancy having an occupant load of more than 100 persons. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list doors that do not conform where applicable. *

• every exit door from a floor area containing a Group ‘A’ occupancy having an occupant load of more than 100 persons. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list doors that do not conform. *

• every door leading to an exit lobby from an exit stair shaft in buildings having an occupant load of more than 100 persons. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐ List doors that do not conform.

• every exterior door leading from an exit stair shaft in buildings having an occupant load of more than 100 persons. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list doors that do not conform. *

NOTE: The door hardware in the locations above must be approved.

[2.7.2.1.(3)] Every door that opens into a corridor or other facility providing access to exit from a suite or room not located within a suite swings:

• on its vertical axis.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list doors that do not conform. *

• in the direction of exit travel where the room or suite is used or intended to be used for an occupant load of more than 60 persons. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list doors that do not conform. *

NOTE: Existing circumstances may be approved where the circumstances do not endanger life safety or the door(s) is otherwise modified to provide for life safety and is approved.

[2.7.2.2.(1)] Doors (except for those egress doors that serve a contained use area or impeded egress zone,) are provided with locking, latching and other fastening devices that can be readily opened to permit egress without requiring keys, special devices or specialized knowledge of the door opening mechanism where provided as

• a required exit door,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list exit doors that do not conform. *

• a door that opens into or is located within

• a public corridor, Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list exit doors that do not conform. *

• a facility that provides access to exit from a suite, Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list the doors that do not conform. *

The building contains a

contained use area (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐) or

impeded egress zone. (Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐)

Where ‘No’ applies in both instances proceed to Subsection 28.1. Where ‘Yes’ applies in at least one instance continue.

[2.7.2.2.(3)] Where applicable the doors serving the areas are equipped with a locking device that can be released either locally or remotely, provided:

• local locking devices are operable by a key from both sides of the door,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ and,

• controls for the remote release of the door locking devices are located in an area readily available to security personnel,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• electrical release devices operate on emergency power and are also manually operated by security personnel.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

28.1 Electromagnetic Locking Devices

Electromagnetic locking devices are installed on at least one exit door or access to exit door.

Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 29. Where ‘Yes’ continue.

[2.7.2.2.(2)] Door(s) in an access to exit or an exit equipped with an electromagnetic locking device shall comply with the Building Code. (See OBC Sentence 3.4.6.15.(4) requirements below for your assistance.)

[3.4.6.15.(4)OBC] Electromagnetic locking devices that do not incorporate latches, pins or other similar devices are permitted on exit doors and access to exit doors, provided appropriate signage is provided and all locking devices release under the following circumstances:

• The building is equipped with a fire alarm system conforming to Subsection 3.2.4. (Subsection 3.2.4. is referenced to indicate a Building Code compliant fire alarm system),

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’, describe the rationale for this determination.

*

• The locking device is installed as an ancillary device to the fire alarm system and releases immediately

• upon activation of the alert signal where a two stage fire alarm system is installed or upon activation of the alarm signal where a single stage fire alarm system is installed,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, list those locations that do not conform. *

• in the event of a power failure or ground fault,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, list those locations that do not conform. *

• upon activation of a manually-operated switch accessible only to authorized personnel.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ list the location of the manually-operated switch. *

• upon activation of a manual pull station (as part of the building the fire alarm system) located on the wall not more than 600 mm from the door,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, list the location(s) that does not have a manual pull station. *

NOTE: Manual pull stations shall be located on both sides of exit stairway doors (on the wall not more than 600 mm from the door) in buildings with electromagnetic locking devices installed on exit stairway doors accessing crossover floors, or floor areas designated as areas of refuge.

NOTE: Subsection 29.2 provides criteria for where crossover floors are required by 3.4.6.16.(1) of the Building Code, so this should be completed first.

Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐

• Upon its release, the electromagnetic locking device must be reactivated manually by the actuation of a switch accessible only to authorized personnel (see the third sub-point above).

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• A legible sign is installed permanently on the door and:

• the sign has the words EMERGENCY EXIT UNLOCKED BY FIRE ALARM permanently mounted on the door.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, list the locations that do not conform.

• the lettering on the sign is at least 25 mm high with a 5 mm stroke.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list the location(s) and degree of to which the sign(s) do not conform.

• the sign is permanently installed on both sides of exit stairway doors in buildings with electromagnetic locking devices installed on exit stairway doors accessing crossover floors, or floor areas designated as areas of refuge

NOTE: Subsection 29.2 provides criteria for where crossover floors are required by 3.4.6.16.(1) of the Building Code, so this should be completed first.

Applicable: Yes ☐ No Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐

NOTE: New installations of electromagnetic locking devices must be installed under a building permit and conform to current Building Code requirements.

29.0 EMERGENCY ACCESS TO FLOOR AREAS FROM EXIT STAIRS

The building is only one storey in building height.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 30. Where ‘No’, continue.

Doors providing access from exit stairs to a floor area containing a hotel do not have locking devices that prevent entry into the floor area from the exit stairs. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 30. Where ‘No’, continue.

The building is 2 to 6 storeys in building height and doors providing access from exit stairs to a floor area containing a hotel have locking devices that prevent entry into the floor area from the exit stairs.

Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Subsection 29.1. Where ‘No’, continue.

The building is 7 or more storeys in building height and doors providing access from exit stairs to a floor area containing a hotel have locking devices that prevent entry into the floor area from the exit stairs.

Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Subsection 29.2. Where ‘No’, proceed to Section 30.

29.1 Emergency Access To Floor Areas From Exit Stairs In Buildings 6 Storeys Or Less In Building Height

[9.9.3.9.] Doors providing access between floor areas and exit stairs are required to comply with Article 3.4.6.16. of the 1994 Building Code.

NOTE: Building Code requirements have been compiled below for ease of reference and assessment purposes, to reflect requirements that apply to a building containing a hotel that is not more than 6 storeys in building height.

[3.4.6.16.(4)OBC] Where doors providing access from exit stairs to a floor area containing a hotel have locking devices to prevent entry into the floor area:

• a master key to fit all door locking devices that are intended to prevent entry into a floor area from an exit stair is provided in a designated location accessible to firefighters

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’, identify master key location. *,

or

• the doors are provided with a wired glass panel not less than 645 cm2 in area and located not more than 300 mm from the door opening hardware. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

or

• the doors are equipped with electromagnetic locking devices installed in conformance with Subsection 28.1. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

29.2 Emergency Access To Floor Areas From Exit Stairs In Buildings More Than 6 Storeys In Building Height

[9.9.3.9.] Doors providing access between floor areas and exit stairs are required to comply with Article 3.4.6.16. of the 1994 Building Code.

NOTE: Building Code requirements have been compiled for ease of reference and assessment purposes reflecting requirements that apply to a building containing a hotel that is more than 6 storeys in building height.

[3.4.6.16.(1)OBC] Doors providing access to a floor area from exit stairs do not have locking devices (except for electromagnetic locking devices - see Subsection 28.1) to prevent entry into:

• any floor area designated as an area of refuge

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, identify stair door(s). *

floor areas located at intervals of 5 storeys or less

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, identify stair door(s). *

• at least one of the three highest storeys

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, identify stair door(s). *

[3.4.6.16.(1)(b)OBC] Doors providing unimpeded access from exit stairs into floor areas described above are identified by a sign on the stairway side to indicate that they are openable from that side.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list those locations that do not conform. *

[3.4.6.16.(1)(c)OBC] Where door a locking device(s) prevents entry into a floor area from an exit stair:

• A master key to fit all door locking devices that are intended to prevent entry into a floor area from an exit stair is provided in a designated location accessible to firefighters

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’, identify master key location. *,

or

• The doors are provided with a wired glass panel not less than 645 cm2 in area and located not more than 300 mm from the door opening hardware. Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

or

• The locking devices are limited to electromagnetic locking devices installed in conformance with Subsection 28.1.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

[3.4.6.16.(2)OBC] Where access to floor areas through unlocked doors is required for those areas described above, it is possible for a person entering such floor area to have access through unlocked doors (or electromagnetically locked doors) within the floor area to at least one other exit.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list the areas that do not conform. *

30.0 EXIT SIGNS

[9.9.3.10.(1) Exit signs are required to be installed in accordance with Subsection 3.4.5. of the 1994 Building Code.

The following reflect the requirements of Subsection 3.4.5.

[3.4.5.1.(7)OBC] Every exit (except suite doors opening directly to the exterior) serving the hotel has an exit sign placed over or adjacent to it.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list the locations that do not conform. *

[3.4.5.1.(2) and (9)OBC] Every exit sign

• is visible from the exit approach,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ list the locations that do not conform. *

• has the word EXIT or the words EXIT/SORTIE displayed in plain legible letters, Agree:  Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ list the locations that do not conform. *

(NOTE: If an exit sign with the word EXIT is installed in conformance with this Article, an additional sign displaying the word SORTIE is permitted to be installed.)

• designed to be illuminated continuously while the building is occupied.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list the locations that do not conform. *

[3.4.5.1.(3)OBC] Exit signs consist of red letters on a contrasting background (or a red background with contrasting letters), with the letters having a 19 mm stroke and a height of at least

• 114 mm when internally illuminated, and

• 150 mm when externally illuminated.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ list the locations that do not conform. *

[3.4.5.1.(4)OBC] Where illumination of an exit sign is provided from an electrical current, that circuit

• serves no equipment other than emergency equipment.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• is connected to an emergency power supply.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

[3.4.5.1.(5)] Signs are provided to indicate the direction of egress in public corridors and passageways,

• and have the word EXIT or the words EXIT/SORTIE with a suitable arrow or pointer indicating the direction of egress,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ list the locations that do not conform. *

• and the size of lettering conforms to Sentence [3.4.5.1.(3)OBC] above.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ list the locations that do not conform. *

[3.4.5.1.(6)OBC] An exit sign conforming to the sign requirements above is placed over or adjacent to every egress door from rooms with an occupant load of more than 60 in Group A, Division 1 occupancies, dance halls, licensed beverage establishments and other similar occupancies that, when occupied, have lighting levels below that which would provide easy identification of the egress door.

NOTE: Exceptions to the above apply to:

• egress doors in fixed seating Group A, Division 1 assembly areas (where the doorways are provided at the ends of rows of seats where no more than 100 seats are provided per row, and where not more than 3 rows are served by the doorways)

main entrance doors

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list the locations that do not conform. *

[3.4.5.2.OBC] In buildings over 2 storeys in building height, any part of an exit ramp or stair that continues past an exterior exit door down to a basement is clearly marked by a sign indicating that it does not lead to an exit.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ list the locations that do not conform. *

31.0 FLOOR NUMBER SIGNS

The building is only one storey in building height and does not have a basement. Agree:  Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Section 32. Where ‘No’ continue.

[9.9.3.10.(2) & (3)] Each door opening into an exit stairway must be identified with the number assigned to that floor.

Existing doors have the floor level identified

• in plain legible block letters, or

• numbers at least 114 mm high with a 19 mm stroke on both sides of the door.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

NOTE: Where ‘No’ floor number signs must be provided and conform to Article 3.4.6.17. of the 1994 Building Code.

32.0 INTERIOR FINISH

The building is constructed as follows:

• is one storey in building height,

• does not contain an assembly occupancy, and

• each guest suite has direct access through a door to the exterior of the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐.

Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply. Proceed to Section 33. Where ‘No’ continue.

Interior finish is considered to consist of those materials or combinations of materials that form the exposed interior surfaces of the walls and ceilings. Flame spread tests are used to determine the surface burning characteristics of materials when exposed to a test fire with the results expressed as flame-spread ratings. See Appendix I Flame Spread Rating for general information on flame-spread ratings.

[9.9.3.11.(1)] Interior finish materials on the walls and ceilings of exits and access to exits are required to be in accordance with Subsection 3.1.13. of the 1994 Building Code.

The table below summarizes the flame-spread rating requirements of Subsection 3.1.13. of the 1994 Building Code as they apply to those requirements referenced in Article 9.9.3.11. of the Fire Code. This table is provided for convenience only. For accurate reference refer to the actual Building Code requirements.

Location

Flame-spread rating of walls

Flame-spread rating of ceilings

Public corridors and corridors used by the public in unsprinklered buildings

75, or

25 on the upper half of the wall and 150 on the lower half of the wall

25

Public corridors and corridors used by the public in sprinklered buildings

150

150

Exit stairways

25

(NOTE: Trim, mill work and doors can have a flame-spread rating not exceeding 150, as long as the aggregate area of these materials does not exceed 10 percent of the area of the wall or ceiling on which they occur.)

Exit lobbies

25

(NOTE: Up to 25% of the total wall area of lobbies is permitted to have a flame-spread rating of not more than 150.)

Where an exterior exit passageway provides the only means of egress from the rooms or suites it serves

Wall and ceiling finishes of that passageway, including the soffit beneath and the guard on the passageway, shall have a flame-spread rating of not more than 25,

(NOTE: Up to 10% of the total wall area and 10 percent of the total ceiling area is permitted to have a flame-spread rating of not more than 150.)

Vestibules to exit stairs in high buildings subject to 3.2.6. of the Building Code

25

(Except where the aggregate area of trim, mill work and doors does not exceed 10 percent of the area of the wall or ceiling on which they occur these materials can have flame-spread rating not exceeding 150.)

Underground walkways (see Subsection 6.4)

interior wall and ceiling finishes shall be of noncombustible material (Except for paint)

Additional requirements for buildings required to be of noncombustible construction

Combustible millwork, interior cladding and finishing materials shall be limited to:

(a) interior wall finishes other than foamed plastics that

(i) are not more than 25 mm in thickness, and

(ii) have a flame-spread rating of not more than 150 on any exposed surface, or any surface that would be exposed by cutting through the 4material in any direction,

Interior ceiling finishes (other than foamed plastics) that:

(a) are not more than 25 mm in thickness (except for exposed fire-retardant treated wood battens), and

(b) consist of a material having a flame-spread rating of not more than 25 on any exposed surface or on any surface that would be exposed by cutting through the material in any direction or fire-retardant treated wood (except that not more than 10 percent of the ceiling area within each fire compartment is permitted to have a flame-spread rating of not more than 150).

32.1 Analysis Of Interior Finishes

In consideration of the information above and the acceptable alternatives listed below, examine the existing interior finish of walls and ceilings of each required exit stairway, each lobby serving as an exit from a stairway, and each access to exit that includes corridors not within a suite.

[9.9.3.11.(2)] Despite the Building Code requirements outlined in Section 32 above, interior finish materials on the walls and ceilings of exits and access to exits are deemed to comply where:

• wood or other approved materials, treated with an approved fire retardant, are used on the walls of lobbies, foyers, vestibules, entrance halls and other major entrance areas.

• combustible interior finishes including, paint, wallpaper and other interior finishes not more than 1.5 mm thick are used on the walls of corridors.

• combustible materials that have a flame-spread rating of 150 or less are used on the walls and ceiling of access to exits if the access to exits are sprinklered.

[9.9.3.12.] The flame-spread rating of interior wall and ceiling finishes in rooms containing an assembly occupancy are not to be more than 150.

Use the following table format to document the existing interior finishes and to summarize your analysis of compliance or non-compliance.

Location

Interior finish examined

Descriptions of existing interior finish and analysis of compliance or non-compliance

Corridor serving guest suites

Wall cladding and surfaces

 

Ceiling cladding and surfaces

 

Doors, Windows and Trim

 

Lighting elements such as diffusers and lenses

NOTE (1)

 

Exterior exit passageway(s) serving guest suites

Wall surfaces

 

Ceiling surfaces

 

Doors, Windows and Trim

 

Lighting elements such as diffusers and lenses

NOTE (1)

 

Exit stairway(s)

Wall surfaces

 

Ceiling surfaces

 

Doors, Windows and Trim

 

Lighting elements such as diffusers and lenses

 

Exit lobby

Wall surfaces

 

Ceiling surfaces

 

Doors, Windows and Trim

 

Lighting elements such as diffusers and lenses

 

Room(s) of assembly occupancy

Wall surfaces

 

Ceiling surfaces

 

Doors, Windows and Trim

 

Lighting elements such as diffusers and lenses

 

NOTE:

(1) Light diffusers and lenses are permitted to have a flame-spread rating of up to 250, and can be located in fire separated corridors (i.e. serving guest suites) provided they are individually not more than 1 m² in area and not less than 1.2 m apart.

33.0 LIGHTING

The building is constructed as follows:

• is one storey in building height,

• does not contain an assembly occupancy, and

• each guest suite has direct access through a door to the exterior of the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐.

Where ‘Yes’ this section does not apply. Proceed to Section 34. Where ‘No’ continue.

[9.9.3.13] Every exit and access to exit is equipped to provide illumination to an average level of at least 50 lux at

• floor level, and

• at all points such as angles and intersections at changes of level where there are stairs and ramps.

In that without a lux meter it is not easy to determine 50 lux, the following is provided as a guide to determine compliance.

Illumination is provided in every exit and access to exit to the degree that people with normal vision can clearly see when walking without fear of tripping over or bumping into objects.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ list areas that appear to lack adequate illumination. *

34.0 EMERGENCY LIGHTING

The building:

• is less than 600 m² Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• 3 storeys or less in building height Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• does not contain as assembly occupancy with an occupant load exceeding 60 people Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• and each guest suite is

• served by an exterior exit facility leading to ground level, and

• fire separated from adjacent rooms by walls that consist of reinforced concrete or masonry, or have wall surfaces consisting of lath and plaster or gypsum board.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’ is the response to all statements above this section does not apply, therefore proceed to Section 35. Where there is at least one ‘No’ response, continue.

[9.9.3.14.(1)(a)] Emergency lighting is provided in every exit and access to exit in the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list locations that do not have emergency lighting. *

[9.9.3.14.(1)(b)] Emergency lighting is provided in each room of an assembly occupancy having an occupant load of more than 60 persons.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list locations that do not have emergency lighting. *

[9.9.3.14.(2)(b)] The emergency lighting is supplied by a source of energy separate from the primary electrical supply for the building (i.e., batteries or electrical generator).

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ describe the source. *

[9.9.3.14.(2)(a)] Where emergency lighting is required, the emergency lighting is designed to provide illumination for a duration of at least

• 2 hours in buildings where the vertical distance between the floor of the top storey and grade exceeds 18 m. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐

• 30 minutes in a building where the vertical distances between the floor of the top storey and grade is not more than 18 m. Yes ☐ No ☐ Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

[9.9.3.14.(2)(c)] The emergency lighting is automatically actuated when the power to the building is interrupted.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

[9.9.3.14.(3)] Illumination from the emergency lighting provides an average of at least 10 lux at floor or tread level.

NOTE: Since it is difficult to determine the lighting level without a lux meter, emergency lighting alternatively provides at least 1 watt/m² of floor space.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ list locations that have inadequate illumination. *

35.0 EMERGENCY POWER SUPPLY (GENERATOR)

[9.9.5.5.] The emergency electric power provided by an emergency generator serves as emergency power for:

• the building fire alarm system (refer to Subsection 8.13) Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

• emergency lighting Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

• elevator cars serving an elevator system that involves the need to transfer from one cab to another cab to reach all floors in the building above grade (refer to Subsection 12.2).

Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where all of the statements above are not applicable, (i.e. ‘No’) proceed to Section 36.

Where any one of the above statements is applicable (i.e. ‘Yes’) the emergency power generator installation must conform CAN/CSA-C282, “Emergency Electrical Power Supply for Buildings”.

NOTE: The standard referenced above outlines comprehensive requirements for the installation of the equipment required to provide emergency electrical power in the event that the normal source of power fails. Where a generator serves as the secondary source of power for one or both features listed above, a professional engineer, a reputable emergency power contractor or the original construction documentation may provide information to assist in determining compliance.

Provide details of the compliance analysis or attach applicable documentation as an appendix. *

36.0 UNIT EQUIPMENT FOR EMERGENCY LIGHTING

[9.9.5.5.(2)] Emergency electric power serving emergency lighting that is not powered by the generator referred to in Section 35 is required to be installed in conformance with CSA C22.2. No. 141, “Unit Equipment for Emergency Lighting”.

To assist in determining if the existing emergency lighting unit equipment conforms to this standard, examine the equipment to determine if it bears the following manufacturer’s marking or equivalent: “UNIT EQUIPMENT - CERTIFIED TO CSA STANDARD C22.2. NO. 141, AND RECOGNIZED BY SECTION 46, CANADIAN ELECTRICAL CODE PART I”.

The unit equipment for emergency lighting is provided with similar marking.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’, provide a description or the specifications relating to the existing unit equipment for emergency lighting. *

37.0 COMMERCIAL COOKING EQUIPMENT

Commercial cooking equipment such as that used in a restaurant or used for other commercial food preparation purposes (i.e. banquet facility, etc.) is present in the building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 38.

Where ‘Yes’, list the location(s) of the commercial cooking equipment installation(s). *

[9.9.2.19.(1)] The commercial cooking equipment is provided with exhaust and a fixed fire protection system in conformance with NFPA 96, “Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking Operations”.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’, provide details substantiating compliance or attach applicable documentation to the Building Audit for reference purposes relating to this subject, then proceed to Section 38. *

Where ‘No’ continue.

[9.9.2.19.(2) – (4)] The commercial cooking equipment has an existing exhaust system consisting of the following:

• a hood or other primary collection device to collect and confine all cooking vapours and residues emanating from the cooking surface

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ describe variance(s) and location(s) *.

• a grease filter or other means of grease extraction

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ describe variance(s) and location(s) *.

• a duct from the hood or other primary collection device that

• leads as directly as possible to the outside

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ describe variance(s) and location(s) *

• is independent and not connected to any other ventilation system

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ describe variance(s) and location(s) *

• has adequate openings for inspection and cleaning purposes that are equipped with tight fitting doors

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ describe variance(s) and location(s) *.

• a residue trap with provisions for cleanout at the base of each vertical riser

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ describe variance(s) and location(s) *.

• mechanically induced air flow of sufficient velocity to confine cooking vapours and residues to the hood or other primary collection means installed at the cooking equipment

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ describe variance(s) and location(s) *.

• Pipes, ducts, plenums and other components of the kitchen exhaust system are constructed of steel

Agree: Yes ☐ No☐

Where ‘No’, describe the material(s): *

• Insulating materials and adhesives used in the kitchen exhaust system are noncombustible or have a flame-spread rating of 25 or less

Agree: Yes ☐ No☐

Where ‘No’, describe the material(s): *

• The kitchen containing commercial cooking installation(s) referred to above is fire separated from the remainder of the building in accordance with Section 14.5

Agree: Yes ☐ No☐

Where ‘No’, describe the material(s): *

Where circumstances have been noted as non-conforming, the existing installation could be assessed for approval by the Chief Fire Official.

38.0 REQUIREMENTS FOR INTERCONNECTED FLOOR SPACES

An interconnected floor space means two or more storeys that are connected by unprotected openings in the floor assemblies that are normally required to be fire separations. For example, an interconnected floor space could include such building features as an open stairway, escalator or moving walks. Other larger penetrations of floor assemblies provided for aesthetic or other functional purposes are also possibilities. It is not intended that requirements for an interconnected floor space in Section 9.9 apply to a mezzanine, storage garage or open air parking.

This building contains an interconnected floor space as described above.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Section 39. Where ‘Yes’ continue.

Where the building contains an interconnected floor space, the interconnected floor space must conform to Subsections 9.9.1, 9.9.2 and 9.9.3 as applicable.

38.1 Interconnected Floor Space In A Building Of Noncombustible Construction [9.9.2.7.(1)]

The building is of noncombustible construction.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Subsection 38.2. Where ‘Yes’, continue.

One floor assembly is penetrated by an unprotected opening:

• situated between two contiguous storeys up to the fifth storey

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘Yes’, describe the location(s) and circumstance(s). *

guest suites and the means of egress serving guest suites are isolated from the interconnected floor space by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating similar to that required for the floor assembly (Refer to Section 13)

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ describe the location(s) and circumstance(s). *

• the required fire-resistance rating of the floor assembly is maintained.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ describe the location(s) and circumstance(s). *

38.2 Interconnected Floor Space In A Building Of 3 Storeys Or Less In Building Height And Not More Than 600 M² In Building Area [9.9.2.7.(2)]

The building is 4 storeys or more in building height.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Subsection 38.3. Where ‘No’ continue.

The building is 3 storeys or less in building height and is more than 600 m² in building area.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ proceed to Subsection 38.3. Where ‘No’ continue.

The floor assemblies are not required to be constructed as a fire separation between two contiguous storeys provided the following three provisions apply:

• the interconnected floor space consists of the first storey and the storey next above or below, but not both,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Subsection 38.3.

and

• the interconnected floor space is sprinklered,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Subsection 38.3.

and

• the sprinkler system is equipped with a waterflow device and electrical supervision that:

(a) waterflow alarm signals from sprinkler systems transmit to the fire department by way of

• the municipal fire alarm system, or

an independent central station conforming to NFPA-71, “Installation, Maintenance, and Use of Central Station Signalling Systems”,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

or

• a proprietary control centre conforming to NFPA-72D, “Installation, Maintenance, and Use of Proprietary Protective Signaling Systems”.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

and

(b) the sprinkler systems are electrically supervised to indicate a trouble signal on the building fire alarm system annunciator for each of the following:

• movement of a control valve handle,

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• loss of excess water pressure required to prevent false alarms in a wet pipe system, Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐

• loss of air pressure in a dry pipe system, Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐

• loss of air pressure in a pressure tank, Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐

• a significant change in water level in any water storage container used for fire fighting purposes, Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐

• loss of electrical power to any automatically starting electrical fire pump, Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐

• and a temperature approaching the freezing point in any dry pipe valve enclosure or water storage container used for fire fighting purposes. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Agree (where applicable): Yes ☐ No ☐

38.3 Interconnected Floor Space Conforms To Building Code Standards [9.9.2.7.(3)]

[9.9.2.7.(4)] Interconnected floor space(s) in the building conforms to subsection 3.2.8. of the 1994 Building Code.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’, describe the rationale for making this determination of compliance. *

NOTE: Details of interconnected floor space design as referenced in Subsection 3.2.8. are comprehensive and can be found in the current edition of the Building Code. Further analysis of the original construction records and/or analysis by a professional engineer or architect may be helpful in determining applicability and compliance.

39.0 SMOKE CONTROL MEASURES

The height of the building measured vertically between the floor of the top storey and grade is * m. (To determine grade, it may be necessary to determine the average grade level before answering this statement.)

The vertical distance between the floor of the top storey and grade exceeds 18 m.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ this section does not apply, therefore proceed to Section 40. Where ‘Yes’, continue.

[9.9.2.15.(1)] Smoke control measures are required in buildings containing a hotel where the vertical distance between the floor of the top storey and grade exceeds 18 m.

The requirements for smoke control measures in Section 9.9 are intended to accomplish two things.

PURPOSE #1 - Limit smoke spread from a fire in a non-residential floor from spreading to floor areas containing guest suites.

The hotel does not have guest suites in floor areas situated above other occupancies in the same building.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’, the provisions in Purpose (1) do not apply, so proceed to Purpose (2). Where ‘No’, continue.

[9.9.2.15.(2)(b)] Floor areas containing other occupancies that are located below floors that contain guest suites are sprinklered.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

or

[9.9.2.15.(2)(a)] The building is equipped with smoke control measures provided to prevent smoke spread from floor areas containing other occupancies to upper floor areas that contain guest suites.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ provide details relating to the measures provided. *

PURPOSE #2 - Protection is provided to limit smoke spread between floor areas containing guest suites.

NOTE: Where smoke spread between these floor areas cannot be controlled, then other compensating features may be provided in the building to achieve compliance, thus enhancing life safety for persons within floor areas containing guest suites. (see Alternative Acceptable Features below)

[9.9.2.15.(3)] The building is equipped with smoke control measures conforming to Article 3.2.6.2. of the 1994 Building Code.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘No’ proceed to Alternative Acceptable Features below. Where ‘Yes’, describe the rationale to support the determination that smoke control measures comply with the Building Code. *

NOTE: Article 3.2.6.2. of the 1994 Building Code provides comprehensive requirements for smoke control in high buildings. Where it is believed that smoke control measures of this nature exist in the building, further analysis of the original construction records and/or analysis by a professional engineer or architect may be helpful in determining applicability and compliance.

Alternative Acceptable Features

[9.9.2.15.(4) & (5)] The building is deemed to have adequate measures for occupant safety provided at least one of the following features is satisfied.

• The building is sprinklered.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

All guest suites have access to an exterior balcony.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

The length of corridors serving guest suites does not exceed 30 m between exits.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• Corridors serving guest suites are equipped with smoke detectors connected to the fire alarm system.

Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

• Corridors serving guest suites are subdivided into at least two compartments by a fire separation (not requiring a fire-resistance rating) provided with closures consisting of smoke-tight doors equipped with self-closing devices. Each compartment is designed with the following:

• Contains no more than one of the required exit stairs, and

• The distance of travel from any guest suite entrance door to an exit does not exceed 25 m to an exit, or the adjacent compartment

Agree to each point: Yes ☐ No ☐

40.0 SPRINKLER SYSTEMS

[9.9.5.4.] The building or a portion of the building is required to be sprinklered. (Refer to each referenced section or subsection to assist in identifying where sprinkler protection is required or not required as applicable.

Subsection 6.4 Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Subsection 8.4 Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Section 10 Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Subsection 13.1 Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Subsection 13.2 Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Subsection 13.3 Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Subsection 13.4 Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Subsection 14.2 Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Subsection 14.6 Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Subsection 14.8 Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Subsection 15.1 Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Section 25 Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Subsection 26.3 Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Section 32 Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Subsection 32.1 Agree: Yes ☐ No ☐

Where ‘No’ is the response in all instances above, this section in its entirety does not apply. Where ‘Yes’ continue by completing the following table.

Sub-section 40.1

General Requirements [OBC 3.2.5.13.(1) - (5)]

Comply

Describe variances of compliance

Yes

No

(1) Except as provided in Sentences (2) and (3), where a sprinkler system is required, it is designed, constructed, installed and tested in conformance with NFPA 13, “Installation of Sprinkler Systems”.

Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

(2) Where a building contains fewer than 9 sprinklers, the water supply for such sprinklers is supplied from the domestic water system for the building and the required flow and pressure for the sprinklers can be met by the domestic system. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

(3) Where a water supply serves both a sprinkler system and a system serving other equipment, control valves are provided so that either system can be shut off independently. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

(4) Open grid and translucent ceilings located below sprinkler systems are installed in conformance with NFPA 13, “Installation of Sprinkler Systems”, paragraphs 4-4.14 and 4-4.15. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

(5) Where a sprinkler system has one or more electrically supervised control valves in order to meet the requirements of this Article, each valve is equipped with an electrically supervised switch for transmitting a signal for individual annunciation in the event of movement of the valve handle and the same annunciator panel may be utilized for supervision of valves in both the standpipe and sprinkler systems. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐

 

Sub-section 40.2

Combustible sprinkler piping [OBC Sentences 3.2.5.14.(1) – (4)]

Combustible sprinkler piping is used in the building. (Where not applicable proceed to Subsection 40.3)

Applicable

Describe variances of compliance

Yes

No

Comply

Yes

No

(1) Combustible sprinkler piping is only used for wet systems in residential occupancies and other light hazard occupancies.

(2) Combustible sprinkler piping meets the requirements of ULC C199P-M, “Guide for the Investigation of Combustible Piping for Sprinkler Systems”.

(3) Except as permitted in Sentence (4), combustible sprinkler piping is separated from the area served by the sprinkler system and from any other fire compartment by ceilings, walls, or soffits consisting of, as a minimum, lath and plaster, gypsum board not less than 9.5 mm thick, plywood not less than 13 mm thick, or a suspended membrane ceiling with lay-in panels or tiles and steel suspension grids, with the lay-in panels or tiles having a mass of not less than 1.7 kg/m².

(4) Where combustible sprinkler piping is located above a ceiling, openings in the ceiling that are unprotected through the ceiling shall

(a) have an individual area not more than 0.71 m²,

(b) have no dimension greater than 1200 mm, and

(c) be located so that the distance between the edge of the opening and the nearest sprinkler head is not more than 300 mm.

 

Sub-section 40.3

Service Spaces and Raised Floor Spaces in Computer Rooms [OBC Sentences 3.2.5.15.(1) – (4)]

Applicable

Describe variances of compliance

Yes

No

Comply

Yes

No

[3.2.5.15.(1) OBC] Sprinklers are installed in service spaces in which facilities are included to permit a person to enter and to undertake maintenance and other operations pertaining to building services from within the service space where flooring for access within the service space is other than catwalks.

Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where ‘Yes’ continue.

Where ‘No’ proceed to Subsection 40.4.

[3.2.5.15.(2) OBC] The sprinkler system is equipped with waterflow detecting devices serving not more than one storey.

(3) The waterflow detecting devices are connected to the fire alarm system (if a fire alarm system is required), to

(a) initiate an alert signal or alarm signal, and

(b) indicate separately on the fire alarm system annunciator the actuation of each device.

(4) If a building is sprinklered, sprinkler protection need not be provided in the space below a raised floor in a computer room

(a) if the optical fibre cables and electrical wires and cables in this space conform to the test requirements in Article 3.1.5.19.,

(b) if the building is of noncombustible construction and other combustible components are limited to those permitted in Subsection 3.1.5.,

(c) if this space is used to circulate conditioned air, and the air handling system is designed to prevent the circulation of smoke upon a signal from a smoke detector,

(d) if all of this space is easily accessible by providing access sections or panels in the raised floor, and

(e) if the computer room is more than 2,000 m2 and the annunciator has separate zone indicators of the actuation of smoke detectors located in this space so that the coverage for each zone is not more than 2,000 m2.

 

Sub-section 40.4

Individual Rooms, Chutes and Bins [OBC Sentence 3.2.5.15.(5)]

(Where not applicable proceed to Subsection 40.5)

Applicable

Describe variances of compliance

Yes

No

Comply

Yes

No

(5) Where a room, chute or bin is required to be sprinklered, the sprinklers may be supplied with water from the fire standpipe system provided that

(a) except for a chute, not more than 8 sprinkler heads are required to protect any room or bin based on a maximum coverage of 12 m² per sprinkler head,

(b) the standpipe riser is

(i) not less than 6 in. (150 mm) in diameter, or

(ii) hydraulically designed to meet combined water supply as specified in Clause (c),

(c) the water supply for a standpipe system, pumping capability and water storage facility, if required, is increased to supply 95 L/min for each sprinkler head over and above the requirements for the standpipe system up to maximum 760 L/min for sprinklers,

(d) a waterflow detecting device is installed in the sprinkler main adjacent to the point of connection to the standpipe riser, and

(e) the activation of each waterflow detecting device in Clause (d) shall be indicated separately on the fire alarm system annunciator.

 

Sub-section 40.5

Fire Department Connections [OBC Sentences 3.2.5.16.(2) – (3)]

Comply

Describe variances of compliance

Yes

No

(2) Fire department connections for the sprinkler system(s) are located so that the distance from a fire department connection to a hydrant is not more than 45 m and is unobstructed.

(3) The fire department connections are:

(a) located on the outside of a building adjacent to a street or an access route, not less 300 mm and not more than 900 above ground level, and

(b) provided with two 65 mm hose connections with female swivel hose couplings.

 

Appendix A – Audit Guideline Glossary

The words and phrases listed in the glossary have special meanings when they are used in the context of the regulation and subsequently this Building Audit guideline. The underlined (hyperlinks) words and phrases contained in the definitions also have special meanings as defined in this glossary:

Access to exit means that part of a means of egress within a floor area that provides access to an exit serving the floor area.

Alarm signal means an audible signal transmitted throughout a zone or zones or throughout a building to advise occupants that a fire emergency exists.

• Alert signal means an audible signal to advise designated persons of a fire emergency.

Appliance means a device to convert fuel into energy, and includes all components, controls, wiring and piping required to be part of the device by the applicable standard referred to in this Code.

Approved means approved by the Chief Fire Official.

Assembly occupancy (Group ‘A’) means the occupancy or the use of a building, or part thereof, by a gathering of persons for civic, political, travel, religious, social, educational, recreational or like purposes or for the consumption of food or drink.

Attic space means the space between the roof and the ceiling of the top storey or between a dwarf wall and a sloping roof.

Basement means a storey or storeys of a building located below the first storey.

Building means any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy.

Building area means the greatest horizontal area of a building above grade within the outside surface of exterior walls or within the outside surface of exterior walls and the centre line of firewalls.

Building Code means the Ontario Building Code made under the Building Code Act or a predecessor to that Act.

Building height (in storeys) means the number of storeys contained between the roof and the floor of the first storey.

Business and personal services occupancy (Group ‘D’) means the occupancy or use of a building or part thereof for the transaction of business or the rendering or receiving of professional or personal services.

Cellar means a basement that is more than 50 per cent below grade.

• Chief Fire Official means the assistant to the Fire Marshal who is the Municipal Fire Chief or a member or members of the fire department appointed by the Municipal Fire Chief under Subsection 1.1.8. or a person appointed by the Fire Marshal under Subsection 1.1.8.

Closure means a device or assembly for closing an opening through a fire separation such as a door, a shutter, wired glass or glass block and includes all components, such as hardware, closing devices, frames and anchors.

Combustible means that a material fails to meet the acceptance criteria of CAN4-S114, “Standard Method of Test for Determination of Non-Combustibility in Building Materials.”

Combustible construction means that type of construction that does not meet the requirements for noncombustible construction.

Contained use area means a supervised area containing one or more rooms in which occupant movement is restricted to a single room by security measures not under the control of the occupant.

Dwelling unit means a suite operated as a housekeeping unit, used or intended to be used as a domicile by one or more persons and usually containing cooking, eating, living, sleeping and sanitary facilities.

Existing means in existence on January 1, 2007.

Exit means that part of a means of egress, including doorways, that leads from the floor area it serves to a separate building, an open public thoroughfare or an exterior open space protected from fire exposure from the building and having access to an open public thoroughfare.

Fire compartment means an enclosed space in a building that is separated from all other parts of the building by enclosing construction that provides a fire separation having a required fire-resistance rating.

Fire damper means a closure that consists of a damper installed in an air distribution system or in a wall or floor assembly that is normally held in the open position and that is designed to close automatically in the event of a fire in order to maintain the integrity of the fire separation.

Fire department means a group of firefighters authorized to provide fire protection services by a municipality, group of municipalities or by an agreement made under section 3 of the Fire Protection and Prevention Act.

Fire detector means a device which detects a fire condition and automatically initiates an electrical signal to actuate an alert signal or alarm signal and includes heat detectors and smoke detectors.

Fire-protection rating means the time in hours or fraction thereof that a closure, window assembly or glass block assembly will withstand the passage of flame when exposed to fire under specified conditions of test and performance criteria, or as otherwise prescribed in the Building Code.

Fire resistance means the property of a material or assembly in a building to withstand fire or give protection from it and is characterized by the ability of the material or assembly to confine a fire or to continue to perform a given structural function or both.

Fire-resistance rating means the time in hours or fraction thereof that a material or assembly of materials will withstand the passage of flame and the transmission of heat when exposed to fire under specified conditions of test and performance criteria, or as determined by extension or interpretation of information derived therefrom as prescribed in the Building Code.

Fire-retardant treated wood means wood or a wood product that has had its surface-burning characteristics, such as flame spread, rate of fuel contribution and density of smoke developed, reduced by impregnation with fire-retardant chemicals.

Fire separation means a construction assembly that acts as a barrier against the spread of fire and may or may not have a fire-resistance rating or a fire-protection rating.

Fire stop means a draft-tight barrier within or between construction assemblies that acts to retard the passage of smoke and flame.

Fire-stop flap means a device intended for use in horizontal assemblies that are required to have a fire-resistance rating and incorporate protective ceiling membranes and that operates to close off a duct opening through the membrane in the event of a fire.

Firewall means a fire separation of noncombustible construction that subdivides a building or separates adjoining buildings to resist the spread of fire that has a fire-resistance rating as prescribed in the Building Code and that has structural stability to remain intact under fire conditions for the required fire-rated time.

First storey means the storey with its floor closest to grade and having its ceiling more than 1.8 m above grade.

Flame-spread rating means an index or classification indicating the extent of spread of flame on the surface of a material or an assembly of materials as determined in the Building Code.

Floor area means the space on any storey of a building between exterior walls and required firewalls and includes the space occupied by interior walls and partitions, but does not include exits and vertical service spaces that pierce the storey.

Flue means an enclosed passageway for conveying flue gases.

Guest suite means a single room or a series of rooms of complementary use providing sleeping accommodation for the travelling public or for recreational purposes in a hotel establishment.

Grade means the average level of finished ground adjoining a building at all exterior walls.

Heat detector means a fire detector designed to operate at a predetermined temperature or rate of temperature rise.

Heavy timber construction means that type of combustible construction in which a degree of fire safety is attained by placing limitations on the sizes of wood structural members and on thickness and composition of wood floors and roofs, by avoidance of concealed spaces under floors and roofs and by use of approved fastenings, construction details and adhesives for structural members.

High hazard industrial occupancy (Group ‘F’ Division 1) means an industrial occupancy that contains sufficient quantities of highly combustible and flammable or explosive materials that, because of their inherent characteristics, constitute a special fire hazard.

Hotel means floor areas, a floor area or part of a floor area containing four or more suites that provide sleeping accommodation for the travelling public or for recreational purposes.

Hotel establishment means a building containing a hotel and all subsidiary occupancies that are operated in connection with the hotel and includes all connected or adjacent buildings that are operated in connection with the hotel.

Hyperlink means a link from one portion of a document to another location, activated by clicking on a highlighted word or image.

Impeded egress zone means a supervised area in which occupants have free movement but require the release, by security personnel, of security doors at the boundary before they are able to leave the area, but does not include a contained use area.

Industrial occupancy (Group ‘F’) means the occupancy or use of a building or part thereof for assembling, fabricating, manufacturing, processing, repairing or storing of goods and materials.

Listed means equipment or materials included in a list published by a certification organization accredited by the Standards Council of Canada.

Means of egress means a continuous path of travel provided for the escape of persons from any point in a building or contained open space to a separate building, an open public thoroughfare or an exterior open space protected from fire exposure from the building and having access to an open public thoroughfare. Means of egress includes both exits and access to exits.

Major occupancy means the principal occupancy for which a building or part thereof is used or intended to be used, and includes the subsidiary occupancies that are an integral part of the principal occupancy.

Mezzanine means an intermediate floor assembly between the floor and ceiling of any room or storey and includes an interior balcony.

Noncombustible means that a material meets the acceptance criteria of CAN4-S114, “Standard Method of Test for Determination of Non-Combustibility in Building Materials”.

Noncombustible construction means that type of construction in which a degree of fire safety is attained by the use of noncombustible materials for structural members and other building assemblies.

Occupancy means the use or intended use of a building or part thereof for the shelter or support of persons, animals or property.

Occupant load means the number of persons for which a building or part thereof is designed.

Partition means an interior wall 1 storey or part of a storey in height that is not load-bearing.

Public corridor means a corridor that provides access to exit from more than 1 suite.

Public pool means a structure, basin, chamber or tank containing or intended to contain an artificial body of water for swimming, water sport, water recreation or entertainment but does not include,

(a) pools operated in conjunction with less than six dwelling units, suites or single family residences or any combination thereof,

(b) pools that are used only for commercial display and demonstration purposes,

(c) wading pools,

(d) hydro-massage pools, or

(e) pools that serve only as receiving basins for persons at the bottom of water slides.

Residential occupancy (Group ‘C’) means the occupancy or use of a building or part thereof by persons for whom sleeping accommodation is provided but who are not harboured or detained to receive medical care or treatment or are not involuntarily detained.

Retrofit means the minimum performance requirements for life safety for existing buildings.

Service room means a room in a building used to contain equipment associated with building services.

Service space means space in a building used to facilitate or conceal the installation of building service facilities such as chutes, ducts, pipes, shafts or wires.

Smoke alarm means a combined smoke detector and audible alarm device that is designed to sound an alarm within the room or suite in which it is located when there is smoke within the room or suite.

Smoke detector means a fire detector designed to operate when the concentration of airborne combustion products exceeds a predetermined level.

Sprinklered (as applying to a building or part thereof) means that the building or part thereof is equipped with a system of automatic sprinklers.

Storey means that portion of a building that is situated between the top of any floor and the top of the floor next above it, and where there is no floor above it, that portion between the top of the floor and the ceiling above it.

Street means any highway, road, boulevard, square or other improved thoroughfare 9 m or more in width, that has been dedicated or deeded for public use, and is accessible to fire department vehicles and equipment.

Subsection 3.2.6. of the Building Code means in the context of this Building Audit a residential building where the vertical distance between the floor of the top storey and grade exceeds 18m.

Suite means a single room or series of rooms of complementary use, operated under a single tenancy, and includes dwelling units, individual guest rooms in motels, hotels, boarding houses, rooming houses and dormitories as well as individual stores and individual or complementary rooms for business and personal services occupancies.

Test means the operation of a device or system to ensure that it will perform in accordance with its intended operation or function.

Total area means the total area of all floors above and below grade, including mezzanines and penthouses, measured between the inside surfaces of exterior walls or between the inside surfaces of exterior walls and the inside surfaces of firewalls.

Travel distance means the distance from any point in a floor area to an exit measured along the path of exit travel, except that when floor areas are subdivided into rooms used singly or into suites of rooms and served by public corridors or exterior passageways, the distance shall be measured from the door of the rooms or suites to the nearest exit.

Vertical service space means a shaft oriented essentially vertically that is provided in a building to facilitate the installation of building services including mechanical, electrical and plumbing installations and facilities such as elevators, refuse chutes and linen chutes.

Walkway means a covered or roofed pedestrian thoroughfare used to connect 2 or more buildings.

Wave action pool means a public pool equipped with a means for inducing wave motion in the water.

Appendix B – Determining The Building Area

Building area means the greatest horizontal area of a building above grade within the outside surface of exterior walls or and the centre line of firewalls.

The presence of a firewall impacts on the determination of building area, which subsequently impacts on certain requirements that are imposed, based upon the building area.

The Fire Code defines a firewall as meaning a fire separation of noncombustible construction that subdivides a building or separates adjoining buildings to resist the spread of fire that has a fire-resistance rating as prescribed in the Building Code and that has structural stability to remain intact under fire conditions for the required fire-rated time.

Similarly the presence of an above ground or underground walkway that conforms to certain standards can also impact on the determination of building area.

Calculate the building area by determining the greatest horizontal area of the building above grade within the outside surface of exterior walls or within the outside surface of exterior walls and the centre line of firewalls.

Use the following basic formula to calculate the building area of the building.

i.e., Length (m) x Width (m) = m² Building area

Appendix C – Determine Type Of Building Construction

Building combustibility is another factor in determining containment measures that must be taken. The rate at which a fire grows during the early stages of development is relatively unaffected by the combustibility of the structural elements of the building, provided they have the same level of protection against fire. However once this protection fails, the structural elements are exposed and, if combustible, contribute fuel to the fire. At this point the rate of fire growth is substantially higher in combustible buildings resulting in a greater threat to life. Since larger buildings require longer evacuation times, additional protection provided by smoke detectors in corridors or sprinklers is required for larger combustible buildings.

Retrofit Section 9.9 takes into consideration that existing buildings may be classified as being of noncombustible construction, combustible construction or of heavy timber construction.

Noncombustible construction means that type of construction in which a degree of fire safety is attained by the use of noncombustible materials for structural members and other building assemblies.

Buildings of noncombustible construction generally have floor assemblies and walls, columns and arches supporting the floor assemblies consisting of noncombustible materials such as, steel, concrete and masonry. While these main structural elements are noncombustible, there is some latitude for the allowances to use certain combustible materials in certain circumstances within a building of noncombustible construction.

Details of noncombustible construction design are outlined in Subsection 3.1.5. of the Building Code. Further analysis of original construction records where available and/or an analysis conducted by a professional engineer or architect may be helpful in determining the type of building construction.

Combustible construction means that type of construction that does not meet the requirements for noncombustible construction.

Buildings classified as being of combustible construction contain combustible building elements that are not permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction. It is reasonable to conclude that where existing floor assemblies and walls, columns and arches supporting floor assemblies consist of combustible elements, the building is classified as being of combustible construction. Obviously a building constructed using wood frame construction techniques is considered to be of combustible construction.

Heavy timber construction means that type of combustible construction in which a degree of fire safety is attained by placing limitations on the sizes of wood structural members and on thickness and composition of wood floors and roofs, by avoidance of concealed spaces under floors and roofs and by use of approved fastenings, construction details and adhesives for structural members.

Combustible buildings classified as being of heavy timber construction can often be recognized by having all exterior walls constructed of noncombustible materials while requirements are imposed on nominal sizes of combustible structural members and the manner in which they are connected.

Details of combustible construction and heavy timber construction design are outlined in Subsection 3.1.4. of the Building Code. Further analysis of original construction records where available and/or an analysis conducted by a professional engineer or architect may be helpful in determining the type of building construction.

For reference, the Building Code can be accessed at www.e-laws.gov.on.ca.

Appendix D – Containment And Control of Fire

Fire separations are provided in buildings to limit the spread of fire and the premature collapse of the building or portion of the building due to fire.

Fires can start in any room or area in a building. Typically each storey in a building is fire separated from other storeys by floor assemblies that are fire separations to prevent vertical fire spread within the building. In addition, certain rooms, areas, suites and major occupancies in buildings are fire separated into fire compartments to prevent the horizontal spread of fire within the floor area. The fire separations limit the spread of fire for a specified period of time (fire-resistance rating) intended to allow persons to escape and to limit fire growth until the fire department can extinguish the fire. Refer to Figure 1.

Section 14 of the guideline involves the examination of required fire separations such as floor and wall assemblies situated between:

• different storeys in the building

guest suites and adjacent rooms and areas

• corridors serving guest suites and adjacent rooms

• laundry rooms, storage rooms, maintenance shops and the remainder of the building

• rooms containing fuel-fired appliances and the remainder of the building

Figure 1: Fire Separations

Fire separations must be constructed as a continuous element to act as a barrier against the spread of fire. A fire separation is required to be continuous and extend from one fire separation to another or to an exterior wall or roof. Appropriate fire stopping is also essential to retard the passage of smoke and flame, particularly at locations where a vertical fire separation meets a floor or roof assembly.

For example, where a vertical fire separation that requires a fire-resistance rating abuts a roof or horizontal fire separation involving a T-Bar ceiling assembly (which due to its construction is not continuous), the wall must extend through the concealed ceiling space and terminate so that a smoke-tight joint is provided. This is necessary where the vertical fire separation buts against or intersects the floor above if applicable or the roof slab or deck (Refer to Figure 2).

Figure 2: T-Bar Ceiling Assembly, Acceptable

Figure 3 illustrates an unacceptable arrangement where the required vertical fire separation (wall) does not extend above the ceiling tiles in the ceiling space and abut with the underside of the roof or floor deck.

Figure 3: T-Bar Ceiling Assembly, Not Acceptable

Figure 4 illustrates an acceptable arrangement where the required vertical fire separation (wall) and floor ceiling or roof assembly abut. In this instance each fire separation has membranes consisting of lath and plaster or gypsum board.

Figure 4: Acceptable

It is important to understand that the fire-resistance rating of a fire separation (wall or floor) is based upon all of the components of the assembly. The individual elements in themselves do not have a fire-resistance rating.

The regulation recognizes that certain types of walls and floor ceiling assemblies have an inherent degree of fire resistance. As a result, certain types of existing fire separations are deemed by Retrofit to satisfy the performance requirements that are outlined by the regulation. The Tables below outline various types of existing floor/ceiling assemblies and wall assemblies, and identifies their assigned fire-resistance rating where applicable.

The floor assemblies and walls, columns and arches supporting the floor assemblies are:

Assigned fire-resistance rating

reinforced concrete

2-hr

masonry

2-hr

clay tile with plaster and lath or gypsum board finish on both sides

2-hr

assemblies with membranes consisting of lath and plaster

1-hr

assemblies with membranes consisting of gypsum board

1-hr

assemblies with membranes consisting of materials other than lath and plaster or gypsum board (wood panel, ply, sheet metal, etc.)

None

exposed wooden structures (unless heavy timber construction)

None

exposed unprotected steel structures

None

floor assembly with suspended tile ceiling

None

NOTE (1)

heavy timber construction

45-min

Types of existing wall assemblies

Maximum assigned fire-resistance rating

Reinforced concrete or masonry

2-hr

Clay tile with plaster and lath or gypsum board finish on both sides

2-hr

Assemblies with membranes consisting of lath and plaster

1-hr

Assemblies with membranes consisting of gypsum board

1-hr

Framed assemblies with membranes consisting of materials other than lath and plaster or gypsum board (wood panel, ply, sheet metal, etc.)

None

NOTE (1)

NOTE:

(1) Floor/ceiling and wall assemblies consisting of other types of materials and/or membranes are not designated by the regulation as having an inherent degree of fire resistance. Fire separations of this nature are required to have a fire-resistance rating conforming to Subsection 3.1.7. and Articles 3.1.8.1., 3.1.8.2., 3.1.8.3. and 3.5.4.2. of the 1994 Building Code.

These Building Code requirements outline how a material, assembly of materials or a structural member may be assigned a fire-resistance rating on the basis of other criteria. In circumstances of this nature, it is suggested that a competent professional in the building trade industry be consulted to assist in the analysis and/or design of the fire separation(s) under consideration.

Determining the Fire-Resistance of Floor Assemblies – Horizontal Fire Separations

Using the descriptions of floor assemblies listed above identify the types of floor assemblies that best describe those that are present between storeys in the building. Where the floor assembly described is applicable, list the assembly’s location(s). (Examples of location descriptions: between basement and first storey; between crawl space and first storey; north half of building between basement and first storey; etc.)

NOTE: There may be more than one type of floor assembly present in the same building.

(a) Floor assembly(s) consist of exposed open wood joists and sub-floor.

Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where applicable, describe locations: *

NOTE: Floor assemblies of this type are not recognized as having a nominal fire-resistance rating.

(b) Floor assembly(s) consists of a suspended ceiling of inlayed tiles in metal framing below exposed wood joists. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where applicable, describe locations: *

NOTE: Floor assemblies of this type may have been designed and constructed to have a specified fire-resistance rating. Further analysis of the original construction records and/or analysis by a professional engineer or architect may be helpful in identifying the fire-resistance rating of the assembly. Typically, where the suspended ceiling was installed for aesthetic purposes, these types of assemblies do not have a recognized fire-resistance rating.

(c) Floor assembly(s) consists of membranes of lath and plaster or gypsum board under wood joists. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where applicable describe locations: *

NOTE: Floor assemblies of this type are recognized as having a 1-hr or less fire-resistance rating.

(d) Floor assembly(s) consist of reinforced concrete. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where applicable describe locations: *

NOTE: Floor assemblies of this type are recognized as having a 2-hr or less fire-resistance rating.

(e) Floor assembly(s) consists of a suspended inlay tile ceiling below open web steel joists and metal pan. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Where applicable describe the method of suspended ceiling construction and corresponding locations: *

NOTE: Floor assemblies of this type may have been designed and constructed to have a specified fire-resistance rating. Further analysis of the original construction records and/or analysis by a professional engineer or architect may be helpful in identifying fire-resistance rating of the assembly. Without such information or analysis, the assembly does not have a recognized fire-resistance rating.

Determining the Fire-Resistance of Walls, Columns and Arches Supporting Floor Assemblies

When determining the adequacy of the floor assemblies it is also necessary to consider the fire resistance qualities of the walls, columns or arches that support the floor assemblies. Retrofit 9.9 requires floor assemblies required to have a specified fire-resistance rating to be structurally supported by walls, columns or arches that have been designed and constructed with the same fire-resistance rating as the assembly they support. This practice prevents premature collapse of the structure under fire conditions resulting from the supporting elements located below the floor assembly having a lower fire-resistance rating.

Using the descriptions below of walls, columns and arches that support the floor assemblies, identify the types of support mechanisms that best describe those presently supporting each storey in the subject building. Where the support mechanism described is applicable, list the support mechanism location(s). (Examples of location descriptions: in basement supporting first storey; supporting second storey at west end of building; supporting all floors throughout building; etc.) There may be one or more types of supporting mechanisms present in the same building.

(a) Exposed/unprotected structurally supporting wood columns. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Describe the columns dimensions and corresponding locations: *

NOTE: Columns of this type do not have a recognized fire-resistance rating.

(b) Exposed/unprotected structurally supporting steel columns. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Describe locations: *

NOTE: Columns of this type do not have a recognized fire-resistance rating.

(c) Structurally supporting columns with membranes of lath and plaster or gypsum board. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Describe locations: *

NOTE: Columns of this type are recognized as having a 1-hr or less fire-resistance rating.

(d) Structurally supporting columns of masonry or reinforced concrete. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Describe locations: *

NOTE: Columns of this type are recognized as having a 2-hr or less fire-resistance rating.

(e) Wood frame structurally supporting assemblies that do not have membranes of lath and plaster or gypsum board. This includes wood frame support structures without any membranes and structures with membranes consisting of wood panelling, plywood or other combustible materials. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Describe type of membranes where applicable and corresponding locations: *

NOTE: Wood framing of this type does not have a recognized fire-resistance rating.

(f) Structurally supporting walls or arches consisting of clay tiles with plaster or gypsum finish on both sides. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Describe type of membranes where applicable and corresponding locations: *

NOTE: Walls and arches of this type are recognized as having a 2-hr or less fire-resistance rating.

(g) Structurally supporting walls or arches consisting of membranes of lath and plaster or gypsum board. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Describe type of membranes where applicable and corresponding locations: *

NOTE: Walls and arches of this type are recognized as having a 1-hr or less fire-resistance rating.

(h) Walls or arches consisting of masonry or reinforced concrete. Applicable: Yes ☐ No ☐ Describe locations: *

NOTE: Walls and arches of this type are recognized as having a 2-hr or less fire-resistance rating.

Appendix E – Table 18.1

Table 18.1

Column 1

Column 2

Description of

q the storey

q the room or space of public assembly

Description of method used to determine occupant load and include any occupant load calculations

4. The formula for calculating occupant load for an occupancy is listed in Table 3.1.16.A. Divide the room area ( m²) by the area allotted per person determined from Table 3.1.16.A for the occupancy use under consideration.

5. 2 persons per sleeping room or sleeping area in a dwelling unit or suite, or

6. The number of persons for which the area was originally designed (Previously determined by the building designer – Architect/Prof. Eng.)

Example: 1st floor

Guest suites

Restaurant

Example:

44 guest suites X 2 people per suite = 88 people.

Restaurant 85 m² divided by 1.10 m² per person = 77 people

1st floor total occupant load = 165

  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  

Appendix E - Table 23.1

Table 23.1

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Column 4

Floor area, room or space description (Section 18)

Occupant load of room or space or floor area

(Section 16)

Existing aggregate widths available

(Types, Widths, and Sums)

• stairs

• ramps with gradient > 1 in 8

• doorways

• corridors

• passageways

• ramps with gradient ≤ 1 in 8

Permissible occupant load based upon widths of means of egress available

• stair

• ramp with gradient > 1 in 8 = 9.2 mm /person

• doorway

• corridor

• passageway

• ramp with gradient ≤ 1 in 8 = 6.1 mm /person

    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    

Appendix E Table 24.0

Table 24.0

Room

Analysis and Conclusions

(Refer to examples above)

  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
 

 
 

 

  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  

Appendix E Table 26.0

Table 26.0

Exit stairway location

Describe the types of walls fire separating the exit stairway

(see Section 14)

Floor/Ceiling Type above or below stairway

NOTE (1)

(See Section 13)

Compliance

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

   

Yes ☐ No ☐

NOTE:

(1) Where the exit stairway has a building space above or below it, it is necessary to examine the adequacy of the fire separations in these areas as well.

Appendix F – Retrofit 9.2, 9.3, 9.5 And 9.6 Application Sections

Subsection 9.2.1. Application (Excerpt)

9.2.1.1.(1) This Section applies to

(a) art galleries,

(b) auditoria,

(c) beverage establishments,

(d) bingo halls,

(e) clubs,

(f) community halls,

(g) dance halls,

(h) enclosed arenas,

(i) exhibition halls,

(j) gymnasia,

(k) halls in religious establishments (excluding areas of worship),

(l) lecture halls,

(m) lodge rooms,

(n) movie theatres,

(o) museums,

(p) opera houses,

(q) restaurants,

(r) television studios, and

(s) theatres.

Subsection 9.3.1. Application

9.3.1.1.(1) This Section applies to boarding houses, lodging houses, rooming houses and private rest homes in which residents do not require care or treatment because of age, mental or physical limitations, where

(a) the building height does not exceed three storeys and the building area does not exceed 600 m2,

(b) lodging is provided for more than three persons in return for remuneration or the provision of services or both, and

(c) lodging rooms do not have both bathrooms and kitchen facilities for the exclusive use of individual occupants.

Subsection 9.5.1. Application

9.5.1.1.(1) This Section applies to buildings up to and including six storeys in building height with residential occupancies and containing

(a) more than two dwelling units where

(i) at least two dwelling units share common exit facilities and have interior access to one another,

(ii) there is at least one dwelling unit located above another with interior access to one another, or

(iii) there is at least one dwelling unit located above another and the dwelling units share common exit facilities,

(b) sleeping accommodation for more than ten persons, in one or more dormitories,

(c) boarding, lodging or rooming accommodation for more than three persons where Sections 9.3 and 9.4. do not apply, or

(d) one or two dwelling units in combination with boarding, lodging or rooming accommodation for two or three persons, excluding the operator’s residence.

Subsection 9.6.1. Application

9.6.1.1.(1) This Section applies to buildings higher than six storeys in building height with residential occupancies and containing

(a) more than two dwelling units,

(b) sleeping accommodation for more than ten persons in one or more dormitories, or

(c) boarding, lodging or rooming accommodation for more than ten persons.

Appendix G – Regulation Compliance Schedule

(Refer to Article 9.1.3.1.)

Code

Reference

What is Required

Compliance Date

Hotels constructed prior to Sept. 1, 1971

Hotels constructed after Aug. 31, 1971

BUILDING AUDIT

9.9.1.2.

 

preparation and retention of a building audit by owner

Jan. 1, 2008

Jan. 1, 2008

CONTAINMENT (REQUIRED TO CONTROL FIRE SPREAD)

9.9.2.1.

(1)-(5), (7),(8)

required fire separation design

required now

required now

 

(6)

floor assemblies constructed as fire separations

Jan. 1, 2012

required now

9.9.2.2.

 

fire-rating of buildings up to 3 storeys

Jan. 1, 2012

required now

9.9.2.3.

 

fire-rating of buildings up to 4 storeys

Jan. 1, 2012

required now

9.9.2.4.

 

fire-rating of buildings greater than 4 storeys and up to 6 storeys

Jan. 1, 2012

required now

9.9.2.5.

 

fire-rating of buildings greater than 6 storeys

Jan. 1, 2012

required now

9.9.2.6.

 

fire separation of hotel buildings from adjacent buildings not containing a hotel

Jan. 1, 2010

required now

9.9.2.7.

 

criteria for interconnected floor spaces

Jan. 1, 2012

required now

9.9.2.8.

(1)

fire separation of guest suites

Jan. 1, 2010

required now

self-closers on guest suite doors

Jan. 1, 2010

Jan. 1, 2010

 

(2)

fire separation of corridors serving guest suites

Jan. 1, 2010

Jan. 1, 2010

9.9.2.9.

 

fire separation between major occupancies

Jan. 1, 2012

Jan. 1, 2012

9.9.2.10.

(1)-(6)

closures (e.g. doors) in fire separations (including self-closers and latches)

required now

required now

 

(7),(8)

fire dampers in ducts at fire separations

Jan. 1, 2012

Jan. 1, 2012

9.9.2.11.

 

fire separation of laundry, storage and service rooms

required now

required now

9.9.2.12.

(1)-(4), (6),(7)

fire separation of fuel-fired appliances

required now

required now

 

(5)

combustion air for fuel-fired appliances

July 1, 2008

July 1, 2008

9.9.2.13.

 

fire separation of vertical service spaces

Jan. 1, 2012

Jan. 1, 2012

9.9.2.14.

(1),(2)

fire separation of refuse and linen chutes

required now

required now

 

(3),(4)

sprinklering of linen and refuse chutes

Jan. 1, 2010

Jan. 1, 2010

9.9.2.15.

(1),(2),(4)

protection of guest suite floors against smoke movement from non-residential floors

required now

required now

 

(3)

protection of guest suite floors against smoke movement from other guest suite floors

Jan. 1, 2012

Jan. 1, 2012

9.9.2.16.

 

construction material and flame spread for pipes, ducts and plenums and associated insulation materials

required now

required now

9.9.2.17.

 

restrictions on air handling equipment at exit separations

required now

required now

9.9.2.18.

 

restrictions on stairs or corridors as exhaust air plenums

required now

required now

9.9.2.19.

 

design and fire protection of commercial cooking equipment

required now

required now

MEANS OF EGRESS

9.9.3.1.

 

determination of occupant load for floor areas

required now

required now

9.9.3.2.

(1)

safe discharge location for egress routes

required now

required now

 

(2)

dead end corridor limitations

Jan. 1, 2012

required now

 

(3)

areas served by a dead end corridor

Jan. 1, 2012

Jan. 1, 2012

 

(4)-(11)

capacity and number of egress routes

required now

required now

9.9.3.3.

(1)

number of exits from floor areas

required now

required now

 

(2)

2 exits from floor areas in buildings 4 storeys and higher

Jan. 1, 2010

Jan. 1, 2010

 

(3),(4)

number of exits from 3rd storey of a 3 storey building

Jan. 1, 2010

Jan. 1, 2010

 

(5),(6)

minimum distance between exits

Jan. 1, 2010

Jan. 1, 2010

9.9.3.4.

 

minimum width of exits

required now

required now

9.9.3.5.

 

distance of travel to an exit within a floor area

Jan. 1, 2010

required now

9.9.3.6.

(1),(3)-(6)

fire separation for exit stairs

required now

required now

 

(2)

safe discharge locations for exits

Jan. 1, 2010

required now

9.9.3.7.

(1)

restriction on fire escapes above 6th floor

Jan. 1, 2010

required now

 

(2)-(6)

fire escape and exterior exit stairway design

required now

required now

9.9.3.8.

 

exit and access to exit door swing and hardware

required now

required now

9.9.3.9.

 

emergency access from exit stairways into floor areas

required now

required now

9.9.3.10.

 

design of exit signs

required now

required now

9.9.3.11.

 

interior wall and ceiling finishes for exits and access to exits

required now

required now

9.9.3.12.

 

interior wall and ceiling finishes in assembly areas

required now

required now

9.9.3.13.

 

lighting levels in exits and access to exits

required now

required now

9.9.3.14.

 

emergency lighting levels in exits, access to exits and assembly areas

required now

required now

FIRE ALARM AND DETECTION

9.9.4.1.

 

buildings that require a fire alarm system

required now

required now

9.9.4.2.

(1),(2)(a), (3)

location of fire detectors as part of fire alarm systems

required now

required now

 

(2)(b),(c), (4)

fire detectors at top of elevator shaft and exit stairways

Jan. 1, 2010

Jan. 1, 2010

9.9.4.3.

 

location of manual pull stations

required now

required now

9.9.4.4.

 

location for fire alarm signalling devices (e.g. horns and bells)

required now

required now

9.9.4.5.

 

fire alarm annunciator panels

required now

required now

9.9.4.6.

 

shut down of air handling system on fire alarm activation

required now

required now

9.9.4.7.

 

trouble signal and trouble lights for fire alarm systems

required now

required now

9.9.4.8.

 

operation of single-stage and two-stage fire alarm systems

required now

required now

9.9.4.9.

 

restriction on number of fire alarm systems in a building

required now

required now

9.9.4.10.

 

electrical supervision of fire alarm systems

required now

required now

9.9.4.11.

 

emergency power for fire alarm systems

required now

required now

9.9.4.12.

 

design standards for fire alarm system installation

required now

required now

9.9.4.13.

 

smoke alarm installation in guest suites

July 1, 2008

July 1, 2008

9.9.4.14.

 

voice communication systems in high buildings

Jan. 1, 2012

Jan. 1, 2012

FIRE SUPPRESSION

9.9.5.1.

 

fire fighting access routes

Jan. 1, 2012

Jan. 1, 2012

9.9.5.2.

 

standpipe and hose systems

Jan. 1, 2012

required now

9.9.5.3.

 

firefighters' elevators in high buildings

Jan. 1, 2012

Jan. 1, 2012

9.9.5.4.

 

sprinkler installation design

required now

required now

9.9.5.5.

 

emergency power for fire alarms, firefighters' elevators and emergency lighting

Jan. 1, 2012

Jan. 1, 2012

Appendix H – Cross Reference Table To Section 9.9 Requirements

Fire Code Provision

Relevant portions of Audit Guideline

9.9.1.1.

Section 3.0

9.9.1.2.

All as applicable

9.9.2.1.

Section 13.0, Section 14.0

9.9.2.2.

Section 13.0, Subsection 13.1

9.9.2.3.

Section 13.0, Subsection 13.2

9.9.2.4.

Section 13.0, Subsection 13.3

9.9.2.5.

Section 13.0, Subsection 13.4

9.9.2.6.

Section 6.0

9.9.2.7.

Section 38.0

9.9.2.8.

Section 14.0, Subsections 14.1, 14.2

9.9.2.9.

Section 14.0, Subsection 14.3

9.9.2.10.

Section 15.0, Subsections 15.1, 16.3, Section 24.0

9.9.2.11.

Section 14.0, Subsection 14.4

9.9.2.12.

Section 14.0, Subsection 14.6

9.9.2.13.

Section 14.0, Subsection 14.7

9.9.2.14.

Section 14.0, Subsection 14.8

9.9.2.15.

Section 39.0

9.9.2.16.

Section 16.0, Subsection 16.2

9.9.2.17.

Section 16.0, Subsection 16.1

9.9.2.18.

Section 16.0, Subsection 16.1

9.9.2.19.

Section 14.0, Subsection 14.5, Section 37.0

9.9.3.1.

Section 18.0, Subsections 23.1 23.2, Section 24.0

9.9.3.2.

Section 20.0, Subsection 20.1, Section 21.0, Subsections 21.1, 21.2, Section 22.0, Subsection 22.1

9.9.3.3.

Section 19.0, Subsections 19.1, 19.2, 19.3

9.9.3.4.

Sections 20.0, 27.0, Subsection 27.1

9.9.3.5.

Section 25.0

9.9.3.6.

Section 26.0 Subsections 26.1, 26.2, 26.3

9.9.3.7.

Section 27.0 Subsections 27.1. 27.2, 27.3, 27.4

9.9.3.8.

Section 28.0 Subsection 28.1

9.9.3.9.

Section 29.0 Subsections 29.1, 29.2

9.9.3.10.

Sections 30.0, 31.0

9.9.3.11.

Section 32.0, Subsection 32.1

9.9.3.12.

Section 32.0, Subsection 32.1

9.9.3.13.

Section 33.0

9.9.3.14.

Section 34.0

9.9.4.1.

Section 8.0, Subsections 8.1, 8.2, 8.3

9.9.4.2.

Subsection 8.4

9.9.4.3.

Subsection 8.5

9.9.4.4.

Subsection 8.6

9.9.4.5.

Subsection 8.7

9.9.4.6.

Subsection 8.8

9.9.4.7.

Subsection 8.9

9.9.4.8.

Subsection 8.10

9.9.4.9.

Subsection 8.11

9.9.4.10.

Subsection 8.12

9.9.4.11.

Subsections 8.13, 8.14

9.9.4.12.

Subsection 8.15

9.9.4.13.

Section 7.0

9.9.4.14.

Section 9.0

9.9.5.1.

Section 10.0, Subsections 10.1, 10.2

9.9.5.2.

Section 11.0, Subsections 11.1, 11.2, 11.3

9.9.5.3.

Section 12.0, Subsections 12.1, 12.2

9.9.5.4.

Section 40.0, Subsections 40.1, 40.2, 40.3, 40.4, 40.5 (Sprinkler installations - Subsections 6.4, 8.4, Section 10.0, Subsections 13.1, 13.3, 13.4, 14.2, 14.6, 14.8, 15.1, Section 25.0, Subsection 26.3, Section 32.0, Subsection 32.1)

9.9.5.5.

Sections 35.0, 36.0

Appendix I – Flame-Spread Rating

To provide rationale for limiting the combustibility of these finishes, the following paragraph was extracted from the NFPA Fire Protection Handbook:

“Most building fires begin when decorative materials, furnishings or waste accumulations ignite, or when electrical systems or mechanical devices fail. Interior finishes are not usually the first items ignited, except when ignition occurs by overheated electrical circuits, careless use of plumbers’ torches, or direct impingement of flame from some other source, e.g. a candle or a match. After the fire has started and intensified, however, the interior finish can become involved and can contribute extensively to the spread of fire.”

For the purpose of Section 32 of the Building Audit guideline, interior finish material includes any material that forms part of the interior surface of a wall, partition or ceiling, such as

(a) interior cladding of plaster, wood or tile,

(b) surfacing of fabric, paint, plastic, veneer or wallpaper,

(c) doors, windows and trim,

(d) lighting elements such as light diffusers and lenses forming part of the finished surface of the ceiling

Flame spread tests are used to determine the surface burning characteristics of materials when exposed to a test fire. Flame spread test results are used to compare the surface burning characteristics of different materials. For example, cement-asbestos board and red oak flooring, which are used to calibrate the test furnace, have flame spread ratings of 0 and 100, respectively. The higher the numerical flame-spread rating, the greater the flammability hazard.

The following table provides examples of various types of combustible materials and their corresponding flame-spread ratings.

Material/species

Flame-spread rating

Birch, Yellow

80

Brick

0

Cedar, Western Red

69

Douglas-fir

90

Fiberboard, Medium Density

167

Gypsum Wallboard

10-15

Gypsum Sheathing

15-20

Fiber-cement exterior materials

0

Hemlock, West Coast

73

Idaho white pine

82

Inorganic reinforced cement board

0

Maple

104

Masonite

<200

Oak, Red or White

100

Oriented Strand Board (OSB)

150

Particle Board

116-178

Pine, Lodgepole

98

Pine, Ponderosa

115

Plywood, Fire-retardant-treated construction

0-25

Plywood, Oak

125-185

Plywood, Pine

120-140

Spruce, Engelmann

55