OFM - 5(1)

PART II - Subsection 5.(1)

PART II
FPPA Opinions & Applications

Subsection 5.(1) Fire Departments

SUBSECTION 5.(1)

"A fire department shall provide fire suppression services and may provide other fire protection services in a municipality, group of municipalities or in territory without municipal organization."

INTENT:

To clarify the differences between a formal fire department and a community fire safety officer or team.

APPLICATION:

Q1:

Why can't a community fire safety team provide fire suppression services?
 

A1:

The FPPA permits municipalities in which it is impractical to provide suppression services to meet their responsibilities under the FPPA by appointing a fire safety team to provide public education and fire prevention services.

If a municipality wants to provide fire suppression services then a fire department must be established. This will help to limit fire department and municipal liability by ensuring that a proper enabling by-law is established and will ensure that proper suppression equipment and training are provided to the fire department. (See Q5 in Subsection 2.(1))

Q2:

If there is no community fire safety officer/team in a municipality, can fire safety education and the other required fire prevention components be provided by any person(s)? 
 

A2:

Every community must have either a community fire safety officer/team or a fire department.
Options exist for the municipality to contract for these services from the private sector, or from another municipality.
 

Q3:

Can fire suppression be provided by someone other than a municipal fire department?
 

A3:

Yes. Although only a fire department may provide fire suppression services, there are several alternative delivery arrangements available for a municipality to choose from, aside from having its own municipal fire department. It may:

  • share a fire department with another municipality
  • purchase suppression services from another municipality or unorganized community;
  • receive initial or supplemental response for suppression as described by an Automatic Aid Agreement;
  • purchase suppression services from a private organization.