OFM - 04-40a-03

Public Fire Safety Guidelines

Public Fire Safety Guidelines

Subject Coding

PFSG 04-40A-03

Section

Fire Prevention and Public Fire Safety Education

Date

January 2006

Subject

Simplified Risk Assessment

Page

Under Review

Purpose:

Municipalities have a legislated responsibility under the Fire Protection and Prevention Act (FPPA) to provide public education with respect to fire safety and certain components of fire prevention. Conducting a simplified risk assessment is the first step towards compliance with these requirements and is intended to identify information required by a municipality to make informed decisions about the programs and activities necessary to effectively manage the community fire risk based upon local needs and circumstances.
In general terms, needs and circumstances relate to a municipality's economic situation, geography, population, building profiles and service delivery system, e.g., volunteer fire department.

Simplified Risk Assessment:

Conducting a simplified risk assessment is a practical information gathering and analyzing exercise intended to create a community fire profile that will aid in identifying appropriate programs or activities that can be implemented to effectively address the community's fire safety needs.
The simplified risk assessment is designed to serve the needs of smaller municipalities and should also be used as a first step (basic foundation) for larger municipalities that face more complex fire safety challenges within their communities. It is recommended that larger municipalities then apply the OFM Fire Prevention Effectiveness Model to develop a more comprehensive fire profile and to identify and address their public education and fire prevention needs. Reference can be made to Public Fire Safety Guideline 04-39-12 for further details.
As a minimum requirement, a community fire safety program must include:

  • a simplified risk assessment
  • a smoke alarm program
  • distribution of fire safety education materials, and
  • participating in inspections upon complaint or when requested to assist with Fire Code compliance.

(Refer to PFSG 04-40-12 in respect of public education and fire prevention services.)
As each community is different, the simplified risk assessment and ensuing fire concern profile will assist in identifying the degree to which these activities are required in accordance with local needs and circumstances. The simplified risk assessment is made up of the following components:

  • demographic profile
  • building stock profile
  • local and provincial fire loss profiles
  • information analysis and evaluation
  • priority setting for compliance
  • implementing solutions

Reference can be made to the Sample Simplified Risk Assessment located on the OFM website www.ofm.gov.on.ca, under the Fire Service heading.
The following information, sample templates and worksheets may be used to help compile and analyse the data gathered for the simplified risk assessment.
DATA COLLECTION COMPONENT
DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE
It is important to examine local demographic data to determine the following:

  • population makeup, based on age groupings
  • vulnerable individuals or occupancies
  • cultural differences such as language and customs
  • seasonal population shifts in tourist areas such as cottages, mobile homes, trailer parks, student influx in university/college locales
  • other considerations specific to certain municipalities

You may be able to obtain data about your population from your local planning office or town clerk. Other excellent sources of information include: Statistics Canada www.statcan.ca (800) 263-1136; Municipal Financial Information Return http://www.oraweb.mah.gov.on.ca/fir/welcome.htm; and Financial Demographic Information www.fin.gov.on.ca.
It may be helpful to obtain provincial demographic data at the same time so you can compare your local data with provincial data.

Demographic Profile

This demographic is based on the 2001 Census. (PDF version available on request at AskOFM)

Ages of population

Number

% of Total Population

0-14

15-64

65 and over

Total Population

Vulnerable groups / individuals

Population fluctuation

Barriers to Public Education


 


Information Analysis and Evaluation

Demographic Profile Commentary

Demographic Profile Concerns

BUILDING STOCK PROFILE

Occupancy Classification

# of Occupancies

Group A

Assembly

Group B

Institutional

Group C

Single family

Multi-unit residential

Hotel / Motel

Mobile Homes & Trailers

Other

Groups D & E

Commercial

Group F

Industrial

Other occupancies not classified in OBC such as farm buildings.

Totals

Total # of mixed occupancy buildings

Building Stock Profile Commentary

Building Stock Profile Concerns

MUNICIPAL FIRE LOSS PROFILE

TABLE 1 - Municipal Fire Deaths and Injuries

Occupancy Classification

2003

2004

2005

Total Deaths+Injuries (2003-2005)

Deaths

Injuries

Deaths

Injuries

Deaths

Injuries

Group A

Assembly

Group B

Institutional

Group C

Residential

Groups D & E

Commercial

Group F

Industrial

Mobile Homes & Trailers

Other

Total Dollar Loss

Municipal Property Dollar Loss

TABLE 2 - Municipal Property Dollar Loss

Classification Occupancy

2003

2004

2005

% of
Total Dollar Loss (2003-2005)

# of Fires

$

# of Fires

$

# of Fires

$

Group A

Assembly

Group B

Institutional

Group C

Residential

Groups D & E

Commercial

Group F

Industrial

Mobile Homes & Trailers

Other

Total Dollar Loss

TABLE 3 - Fire Cause

Incident type

2003

2004

2005

Smoking Articles

Chimney fires/woodstove

Open air fires/grass/brush

Mischief / Arson

Electrical

Accidental

Other / undetermined

Total


Information Analysis and Evaluation

Municipal Fire Loss Profile Commentary

Municipal Fire Loss Profile Concerns

Codes, Standards, and Best Practices

Codes, Standards and Best Practices resources available to assist in establishing local policy on this assessment are listed below. All are available at http://www.mcscs.jus.gov.on.ca/ . Please feel free to copy and distribute this document. We ask that the document not be altered in any way, that the Office of the Fire Marshal be credited and that the documents be used for non-commercial purposes only.


See also PFSG
01-02-01 Comprehensive Fire Safety Effectiveness Model
02-02-12 &
02-02-03 Fire Risk Assessment
02-03-01 Economic Circumstances
04-12-13 Core Services
04-40-12 & 03 Selection of Appropriate Fire Prevention Programs
04-40A-12 Simplified Risk Assessment
04-45-12 Fire Prevention Policy
04-56-12 Use of Fire Related Statistics