Ministry of the
Solicitor General

OFM - 04-39-12

Fire Prevention Effectiveness Model 

Public Fire Safety Guidelines

Subject Coding

PFSG 04-39-12


Fire Prevention and Public Fire Safety Education


January 1998


Fire Prevention Effectiveness Model


Under Review


To assist fire service managers to thoroughly plan fire prevention activities.
It stresses the need for programs to be effective and properly evaluated. It also defines fire prevention activities as including inspections, public fire safety education and fire incident evaluation.


  • The Fire Prevention Effectiveness Model is a planning aid that focuses on one of the eight components of the Comprehensive Fire Safety Effectiveness Model.
  • The Fire Prevention Effectiveness Model is a tool which ensures that all issues are identified and addressed when considering any fire prevention programs or activities or when reviewing existing programs.


The process promoted in the model involves three distinct components.

  1. a needs analysis to identify the significant fire risks to the community
  2. the selection, development and implementation of appropriate programs to address the identified risks
  3. an evaluation of the effectiveness of the fire prevention programs

Needs Analysis:

  • Needs analysis for fire prevention programming involves assessing the relative fire risks in a community and identifying the significant risks which should be addressed.
  • It also involves compiling adequate information to conduct the analysis and for appropriate program selection, development and implementation.
  • Information including fire losses, implications of fire occurrences (i.e. primary employer out of business), the building stock and demographics of the community have to be gathered and assessed.

Program Selection:

  • There are minimum fire prevention programs required for a community under the Fire Protection and Prevention Act.
  • Further programs are mandated based upon the risks identified by needs analysis and with consideration for available resources.

Program Evaluation:

  • Evaluation of the effectiveness of fire prevention programs is essential to ensure the most appropriate use of the communities resources.
  • Regular evaluation is an ongoing function for the fire service managers and should incorporate a regular application of the model's process.

Policy Requirements:

  • Policies must be enacted by the appropriate authorities for the implementation of selected programs.
  • Discussion with legal counsel prior to the enacting or revision of policies is encouraged.

Service Delivery Implications:

  • Applying the model in a community can result in significant changes to the level of service and the means of delivering that service. Appropriate consultation with stakeholders is encouraged.
  • Sufficient and appropriate operational guidelines must be developed/revised for the selected programs.

Service Delivery Options:

  • There are many options for delivery of any selected programs.
  • A key consideration for determining the acceptability of any option, is the level of skill and knowledge of persons assigned to the selected programs.

Codes, Standards, and Best Practices:

Codes, Standards and Best Practices resources available to assist in establishing local policy on this assessment are listed below. All are available at . Please feel free to copy and distribute this document. We ask that the document not be altered in any way, that the Office of the Fire Marshal be credited and that the documents be used for non-commercial purposes only.

See also PFSG
04-40-12 &
04-40-03 Selection of Appropriate Fire Prevention Programs

Fire Prevention Effectiveness Model