OFM - 04-08-10
Public Fire Safety Guidelines
Operational Planning: An Official Guide to Matching Resource Deployment and Risk
1.1 Municipalities are responsible for the funding and delivery of fire protection services in accordance with Section 2 of the Fire Protection and Prevention Act, 1997 (FPPA).
In order to meet the intent of Section 2 of the FPPA, municipalities are expected to implement a risk management program.
The evaluation tool Operational Planning: An Official Guide to Matching Resource Deployment and Risk, found in the Appendix, is to be used as part of a risk management program. The purpose of this guideline is to encourage municipalities and fire departments to use this tool so that they can make informed decisions regarding the delivery of fire suppression services.
2.1 This guideline applies to all municipalities.
3.0 Risk Management
3.1 In order to be in compliance with clause 2.(1)(a) of the FPPA, a fire department must have completed a simplified risk assessment, one of the four key minimum requirements for fire protection services. It is expected that this assessment be reviewed and updated periodically to support informed decision making and evaluation of program delivery.
4.1 This guideline is issued under the authority of clause 9.(1)(d) of the FPPA.
4.2 Municipal Council, obligated by the FPPA to provide fire protection services, must
• establish levels of service commensurate with needs and circumstances; and
• provide fiscal resources for staffing, apparatus and equipment to support the established level of service.
4.3 Fire Chief
Person appointed by the council of a municipality, responsible for the delivery of fire protection services, and accountable to the council.
4.4 Fire Department
The fire department delivers the services as approved by municipal council and at the direction of the fire chief.
Operational Planning: An Official Guide to Matching Resource Deployment and Risk can help fire departments to
- assess and analyze fire risk;
- determine current capabilities: staffing, apparatus, equipment, etc.;
- find gaps; and
- work out options, develop recommendations and present them to municipal council using a standardized format.
4.5 Clause 2.(1)(b)
Every municipality shall provide such other fire protection services as it determines may be necessary in accordance with its needs and circumstances
4.6 Subsection 2.(7)
The Fire Marshal may monitor and review the fire protection services provided by municipalities to ensure that municipalities have met their responsibilities under this section and, if the Fire Marshal is of the opinion that, as a result of a municipality failing to comply with its responsibilities under subsection (1), a serious threat to public safety exists in the municipality, he or she may make recommendations to the council of the municipality with respect to possible measures the municipality may take to remedy or reduce the threat to public safety
4.7 Subsection 5.(1)
A fire department shall provide fire suppression services and may provide other fire protection services in a municipality, group of municipalities or in territory without municipal organization.
4.8 Clause 9.(1)(a)
The Fire Marshal has the power to monitor, review and advise municipalities respecting the provision of fire protection services and to make recommendations to municipal councils for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of those services.
4.9 Clause 9.(2)(b)
It is the duty of the Fire Marshal to advise municipalities in the interpretation and enforcement of this Act and the regulations.
4.10 Clause 9.(2)(d)
It is the duty of the Fire Marshal to develop training programs and evaluation systems for persons involved in the provision of fire protection services and to provide programs to improve practices relating to fire protection services.
OFM documents, programs and courses
- Comprehensive Fire Safety Effectiveness Model
- Public Fire Safety Guidelines
- Shaping Fire Safe Communities – Phases 1 and 2
- Essentials for Municipal Decision Makers [course]
- Essentials for Fire Service Leaders [course]
National Fire Protection Association standards
- NFPA 1710 and NFPA 1720
Operational Planning: An Official Guide to Matching Resource Deployment and Risk.