OFM - 04-06-13

Codes, Standards, Acts, Regulations, Best Practices

Public Fire Safety Guidelines

Subject Coding

PFSG 04-06-13

Section

Optimizing Public Fire Safety

Date

January 1998

Subject

Codes, Standards, Acts, Regulations, Best Practices

Page

Under Review

Policy side of service delivery

Acts, Codes, Regulations, Standards, Models/Best Practices

Example(s) of Application

Why?

Consequences

Alternatives

ISO

Regular evaluation of practices to accepted standards

Accepted International method of accreditation

Ensure consistent application of established policies and procedures

Other accepted methods

Comprehensive Fire Safety Effectiveness Model

Conceptual re organization of methods & priorities of providing public safety

To assess all major inputs impacting on public safety

Prioritized allocation of resources both internal and external

Vary the emphasis on which components of the model are applied

IAO

Prioritization of service delivery, i.e. emphasis on property and/or life risk

Know the ability of the fire department to provide for property and/or life safety

Determine the ability to provide for both or emphasize one or the other

Place dependence on industry to self protect as much as possible

Administration

Acts, Codes, Regulations, Standards, Models/Best Practices

Example(s) of Application

Why?

Consequences

Alternatives

Ontario Standard for Fire Chiefs

Professional designation as Fire Chief

To ensure qualified and competent leadership

Motivation of staff to full potential

Professional designation is not mandatory

AMCT

OMMI

Certifications such as CMM1, CMM2, AMCT(A) etc.

Familiarity with municipal administration and management concepts

Improved understanding of total municipal picture

Ignore and risk being left behind

FDMP

Successful completion of initial program and ongoing participation

Build a network of contacts and resources

Broader base of available information

Ignore and risk being left behind

OFC Technology Program - management program

Successful completion of program

First step in management training

Knowledge of basic management concepts

Generic programs at community colleges

NFPA

Standards for officers

Recognized international organization

Generic expectations of officer(s)

Use specific - i.e. Ontario Standards

IAFC

Self-assessment of administration function

Comprehensive approach to peer and self-evaluation

Can lead to accreditation

Have outside organization conduct self-evaluation

ISO

Twice annual evaluation of administration/record keeping function

To ensure consistent application of desired practices

Have a method of regular evaluations

Evaluation by outside organization

Municipal Affairs

Reporting requirements for financial data, pension plans

Meet mandated requirements

Compliance

None

Information Management Systems

Develop comprehensive data re fire and emergency response patterns

Long range planning and initiatives

Efficient and effective use of resources

Reactive management

Communications

Acts, Codes, Regulations, Standards, Models/Best Practices

Example(s) of Application

Why?

Consequences

Alternatives

NFPA

Performance based standard for call receipt and dispatch times

Assess staffing and other requirements

Efficient and effective use of resources

Contract for services from another agency

IAO

System requirements

IAO sets insurance rates

A reliable system

Contract for services

MOE

Report the status and provide ongoing communications during certain emergencies

Mandatory requirement

Proper persons or agencies deal with environmental issues

None

Industry

Canada

Licensing, allowable output wattage, etc.

Mandatory

Co-ordinate system infrastructure

None

Ontario Standards for Communicators

Training to curriculum

Method of providing for standardization

Common practices among participating communicators

Not mandatory

Fire Prevention & Public Education

Acts, Codes, Regulations, Standards, Models/Best Practices

Example(s) of Application

Why?

Consequences

Alternatives

OBC

Standards for new construction

Fire department input and involvement in a building for which they will ultimately be responsible under the O.F.C.

Balanced application of the code

Need to issue Fire Marshal's Order(s) to correct deficiencies missed or ignored during planning and construction

OFC

Maintenance of required building components

To assist the building owner with compliance through the approval process

Improved public safety and education

None

NFPA

Maintenance standards for building components such as commercial cooking equipment

Mandated requirements under the O.F.C.

Improved public safety

None

Gasoline Handling Act & Code/ Propane Act and Code / (Medical Gas)/ Gas Utilization Code

Inspection of equipment and installations

Certain mandatory requirements

Improved public and environmental safety

None

MOE standards

Installation of berms around hazardous materials storage site; water supply issues

Certain mandatory requirements

Improved environmental safety

None

MOL standards

Education regarding safety components in buildings

To assist the owner with compliance (compliance issues around O.F.C.)

Improved worker safety

Owner provided

Municipal standards by-law

Manufacture or storage of explosives

Municipality has option to make more stringent standards

Improved safety

Rely on basic standards

Planning standards

Site approval process

Provide for fire department access

Improved public safety

Rely on OBC

Comprehensive Fire Prevention Effectiveness Model

Selection of appropriate prevention and education programs for community

To assess all major inputs impacting on delivery of programs

Prioritize allocation of fire department resources

Vary the emphasis on which components of the model are applied

Ontario Standards for Prevention Officers

Training to curriculum

Method of providing for standardization

Common practices among participating prevention officers

Not mandatory

OFM Investigators standard

Training of staff to standard

Method of providing for standardization

Common practices among participating investigators

NFPA 921

Day Care, Homes for the Aged, Schools, Hospital inspections

Inspections re licensing requirements

Owner is faced with mandatory inspection requirements

Improved public safety

Fees for service

Stations, Fleet & Equipment

Acts, Codes, Regulations, Standards, Models/Best Practices

Example(s) of Application

Why?

Consequences

Alternatives

MOT standards

Testing and certification issues

Mandatory

Improved worker and public safety

None

MOL

Safety issues including guidelines issued

Mandatory

Improved worker and public safety

None

NFPA

Testing criteria for various equipment

Make use of recognized existing standards

Improved firefighter and public safety

Transfer of liability via leasing of equipment

ULC

Design standards for fire fighting vehicles

To obtain accreditation for vehicle

Vehicle meets minimum requirements

Use of other standards

CSA/ NIOSH/ OSHA

Standards for design & maintenance of equipment such as pure breathing air compressor & breathing apparatus

Mandated requirements

Improved worker safety

None

Ontario Building Code

Design considerations for fire stations

Mandatory

Code compliance

None

Ontario Fire Code

Maintenance considerations for fire stations

Mandatory

Code compliance

None

Electrical Safety Code

Design and maintenance considerations for fire stations

Mandatory

Code compliance

None

Emergency Operations

Acts, Codes, Regulations, Standards, Models/Best Practices

Example(s) of Application

Why?

Consequences

Alternatives

Dallas, Ottawa, OFM, NFPA, IAFC, ICM, IAO, CAFF (pending)

Staffing recommendations re number of firefighters

To determine appropriate staffing levels for a community

Efficient and effective deployment of resources

Automatic aid to supplement internal resources

Ontario Standards for Firefighters

Training to curriculum

Method of providing for standardization

Common practices among participating firefighters

Local initiative

MOL

Protective clothing standards

Mandatory

Compliance with regulations

None

MOH

Response standard protocol for CPR, de-fib programs

Meet minimum response criteria

Improved public safety

Do not provide the service

Internal SOGs

Response guidelines for risks such as senior citizens' complexes

Mandatory requirement (MOL)

Consistent approach

None

Mutual Aid Plan

Possibility of mandated requirements for membership re equipment and staff

May be mandatory participation criteria

Improved public safety

Provide internal capability

Highway Traffic Act

Training in special applications of act to firefighters

Mandatory

Properly trained staff

None

OBC/ OFC/ Electrical Code

In-service inspection program issues

To make better use of suppression staff

Improved public safety

Total dependence on prevention staff

Water Supply

Acts, Codes, Regulations, Standards, Models/Best Practices

Example(s) of Application

Why?

Consequences

Alternatives

IAO standards

Identify deficiencies in water supply system

Recognized evaluation agency

Reliable water supply

Use other standards

NFPA

Standards for urban and rural water supply

Recognized standards setting organization

Reliable water supply

Use other standards

MOE

Ability to take adequate water from municipal water system for internal suppression system requirements

MOE controls some water supply systems

Reliable water supply

None

OBC

Internal supply system requirements for particular occupancies

Mandatory

Compliance

None

OFM Guideline - Communiqu 96-022

Determining water supply requirements

Cooperatively developed by stakeholders

Appropriate water supplies for emergencies

Use other standards

Training & Education

Acts, Codes, Regulations, Standards, Models/Best Practices

Example(s) of Application

Why?

Consequences

Alternatives

Ontario Standards for suppression forces

Training to curriculum

Method of providing for standardization

Common practices among participating firefighters

Not mandatory

Ontario Standards for support services

Training to curriculum

Method of providing for standardization

Common practices among participants

Not mandatory

OBC

Construction issues re training complex

Mandatory

Compliance

None

MOE

Environmental issues re training complex

Mandatory

Compliance

None

MOL

Safety issues re training complex

Mandatory

Compliance

None

Support Services

Acts, Codes, Regulations, Standards, Models/Best Practices

Example(s) of Application

Why?

Consequences

Alternatives

Pay Equity, Employment Equity, Human Rights Code, Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Human resources issues

Mandatory

Compliance

None

Financial

Determination of ability to pay and comparisons to other communities (arbitration)

Mandatory

Compliance

None

Codes, Standards and Best Practices:

Codes, Standards and Best Practices resources available to assist in establishing local policy on this assessment are listed below. All are available at http://www.mcscs.jus.gov.on.ca . Please feel free to copy and distribute this document. We ask that the document not be altered in any way, that the Office of the Fire Marshal be credited and that the documents be used for non-commercial purposes only.